Test 4, Blood, CH20

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issacgoboom
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227117
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Test 4, Blood, CH20
Updated:
2013-07-14 23:56:16
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ayazlol
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ayaz learns anatomy
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  1. Blood
    • connective tissue
    • Transportation
    • Fight infection
    • Stop blood loss
  2. Whole blood
    • cells + plasma
    • (hematocrit)
  3. Amount of blood in the body
    4-6 liters
  4. Blood %
    • cells = formed elements = 38-48%
    • liquid = plasma = 52-62%
  5. Blood color
    • oxygenated = bright red
    • de-oxygenated - dark red
  6. Plasma
    52-62% of blood
  7. Contents of plasma
    • Water = 90%
    • nutrients
    • hormones
    • wastes
    • gases
    • plasma proteins
  8. Albumin
    • reabsorbs water from tissues (osmosis)
    • 55% of plasma proteins
  9. Clotting factors
    plasma proteins
  10. Transport proteins
    plasma proteins
  11. Antibodies
    plasma proteins
  12. Serum
    plasma w/o clotting factors
  13. Erythrocyte
    • RBC
    • O2 transport
  14. Leukocyte
    WBC, Defense
  15. Thrombocyte
    Platelet, clotting
  16. Hemoglobin
    makes up most RBC
  17. Nucleus of RBC
    does not exist
  18. Shape of RBC
    biconcave disks
  19. Lifespan of RBC
    120 days
  20. Normal RBC count
    4.5-6.0 mill/mm3
  21. RBC % of whole blood
    38-48%
  22. WBC count and location for most
    • 5,000-11,000/mm3
    • mostly in connective tissues and lymph nodes
  23. Granulocytes
    • Multi-lobed nucleus
    • contain granules in cytoplasm
  24. Neutrophils
    WBC, granulocyte
  25. Eosinophils
    WBC, granulocyte
  26. Basophils
    WBC, granulocyte
  27. Agranulocyte
    Large single nucleus, no granules in cytoplasm
  28. Lymphocyte
    WBC, agranulocyte
  29. Monocyte
    WBC, agranulocyte
  30. Polymorphonuclear leukocytes
    neutrophils, aka polys, aka segs
  31. Neutrophils stain
    neutral
  32. Neutrophil % of WBC
    50-70%
  33. Neutrophil function
    • phagocytosis
    • especially vs. bacteria
  34. Eosionophils stain...
    red/rosy (eosin stain)
  35. Eosinophils % of WBC
    2-4%
  36. Eosinophils
    • phagocytosis
    • especially vs parasites, worms
    • allergic reaction limit inflammation
  37. Basophils stain
    blue
  38. Basophil % of WBC
    0.5 - 1.0%
  39. Histamine
    • made by basophils
    • vasodilation¬†
    • increase tissue fluid
  40. Heparin
    anticoagulant (anticlotting) of basophils (WBC)
  41. Lymphocyte % of WBC
    25-40%
  42. Immune responce
    lymphocytes
  43. T cells
    T lymphocytes, develop in THymus
  44. B Cells
    • B lymphocytes
    • Develop in red bone marrow
    • produce antibodies
  45. Monocyte % of WBC
    3-8%
  46. Macrophages
    • converted monocytes outside of blood
    • found in areolar ct; spleen; liver
  47. Platelets count
    150,000-500,000/mm3
  48. Hemostasis
    blood clotting, stick to rough edges
  49. Hemopoiesis
    making blood cells
  50. erythropoiesis
    making RBC
  51. Leukopoiesis
    making WBC
  52. Hemocytoblast
    stem cell for all blood cells
  53. Lymphoid stem cell
    forms lymphocytes
  54. Myeloid stem cell
    forms other blood cells
  55. Anemia
    low RBC or Hemoglobin
  56. Polycythemia
    high #RBC
  57. Leukocytosis
    increased #WBC
  58. Leukemia
    extreme increased #WBC
  59. Thrombocytopenia
    decreased #platelets
  60. Blood types
    • A antigen
    • B antigen
    • A and B
    • no antigen
  61. Rh factor
    • Blood type
    • have D antigen¬†
    • no D antigen

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