POLSCI 125 - Quiz 5: Civil Rights

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POLSCI 125 - Quiz 5: Civil Rights
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2013-07-18 01:15:29
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Political Science 125 Civil Rights notecards for Quiz 5
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  1. Civil rights
    (1)_________ imposed on government to take action to (2)______ people from any (3)_______ action of government and of other individuals
    • 1. obligation
    • 2. protect
    • 3. illegal
  2. civil rights
    equal protection clause of the (1)__th Amendment that guarantees (2)_______ and (3)________ "the equal protection of the laws" - rights that guarantee individuals (4)_______from (5)_________
    • 1. 14th
    • 2. citizens
    • 3. residents
    • 4. freedom
    • 5. discrimination
  3. civil rights
    the freedom to (1)__________ in the full life of the (2)________ [(3)____, use (4)_____ ________, (5)_____ ________ ___________]
    • 1. participate
    • 2. community
    • 3. vote
    • 4. public facilities
    • 5. equal economic opportunity
  4. civil rights
    the rights of all people to be (1)____ from (2)____________ such as that based on (3)____, (4)________, (5)______, (6)_____ ______, (7)_______ ______
    • 1. free
    • 2. discrimination
    • 3. race
    • 4. religion
    • 5. gender
    • 6. ethnic origin
    • 7. national origin
  5. civil rights
    the protection of the (1)__________ or (2)______ from (3)____________ acts by (4)________ or (5)___________ based on a person's group (6)______ such as (7)____ or (8)______
    • 1. individual
    • 2. people
    • 3. discriminatory
    • 4. government
    • 5. individuals
    • 6. status
    • 7. race
    • 8. gender
  6. racism
    the predication of (1)________ and (2)________ on consideration of (3)____ for the purpose of (4)____________ a (5)______ group and maintaining (6)______ over that group
    • 1. decisions
    • 2. policies
    • 3. race
    • 4. subordinating
    • 5. racial
    • 6. control
  7. racism
    an (1)________ of (2)______ domination based on beliefs that a designated racial (3)_____ is either (4)____________ or (5)__________ inferior
    • 1. ideology
    • 2. racial
    • 3. group
    • 4. biologically
    • 5. culturally
  8. What are the two categories of racism?
    • individual racism
    • institutional racism
  9. individual racism
    individual decisions and actions based on race/ethnicity in denying others civil, constitutional and human rights
  10. institutional racism
    relies on the active, pervasive and ubiquitous anti-minority attitudes/practices; structural and systemic (schools, courts, penal system, workplace, lending institutions); disproportionate arrest and conviction of Latinos and African-Americans (on marijuana changes)
  11. prejudice
    (1)___-_________ judgement or (2)______ without just grounds or before sufficient knowledge is obtained; (3)_________ or (4)_______ formed beforehand; opinion, (5)________ formed without (6)_______ or (7)______; deals with (8)________
    • 1. pre-conceived
    • 2. opinion
    • 3. judgement
    • 4. opinion
    • 5. feeling
    • 6. thought
    • 7. reason
    • 8. attitude
  12. prejudice
    a (1)______ and (2)__________ generalization about an entire (3)________ of people; (4)__________ attitudes supported by (5)______ or no (6)______ evidence
    • 1. rigid
    • 2. irrational
    • 3. category
    • 4. inflexible
    • 5. little
    • 6. direct
  13. discrimination
    prejudicial treatment of an individual(s) based on their membership in a certain group or category; excluding or restricting members of one group from opportunities that are available to other groups; involves behavior, a matter of action
  14. scapegoating
    hostility/anger towards people/things that are not the origin of those feelings - unfairly blaming others for problems
  15. xenophobia
    Intense or irrational dislike or fear of people from other countries
  16. stereotype
    A widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing
  17. affirmative action
    government (1)_______/_______ that seek to redress (2)____ and (3)_______ injustices against (4)________ groups by making special (5)_______ to provide members of those groups with (6)______ to (7)___________ and (8)__________ opportunities
    • 1. policies/programs
    • 2. past
    • 3. present
    • 4. specified
    • 5. efforts
    • 6. access
    • 7. educational
    • 8. employment
  18. affirmative action
    a policy in (1)__________ _________ or (2)__________ ___________ that gives (3)____________ treatment to traditionally (4)_____________ groups in an effort to overcome (5)____ and (6)_______ discrimination
    • 1. educational admissions
    • 2. employment opportunity
    • 3. compensatory
    • 4. disadvantaged
    • 5. past
    • 6. present
  19. de facto
    refers to practices that occur
  20. de jure
    by law; referes to legally enforced discriminatory practices
  21. feminism
    the movement that support political, economic and social equality for women
  22. disenfranchisement
    deprived of legal rights or privileges
  23. Jim Crow laws
    the system of racial segregation in the South from 1890 to 1965 (public venues: railroads, streetcars, buses, schools, cemeteries)
  24. equality of opportunity
    everyone comes to the same (1)________ ____ with same chance for (2)_______; differences are a result of ability; role of government is to remove (3)________ of discrimination
    • 1. starting line
    • 2. success
    • 3. barriers
  25. equality of opportunity
    refers to the ability to make of oneself what ...
    one can, to develop one's talents and abilities and to be rewarded for work, initiative, motivation, achievement
  26. equality of result/outcomes
    requires policies such as affirmative action, equal pay for equal work or comparable worth that places disadvantaged people on an equal footing
  27. mass social movements
    for political and social change have played in extending and expanding political rights, democratic freedoms, social equality, collective bargaining rights, economic justice
  28. examples of mass social movements
    • womens movement
    • student movement
    • labor movement
    • environmental movement
    • civil rights movement
    • peace movement
    • immigrant rights movement

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