Reflexes

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Author:
chalford23
ID:
227341
Filename:
Reflexes
Updated:
2013-07-24 15:17:05
Tags:
Reflexes
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Description:
Reflzes
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  1. Rooting
    • 28 wks
    • 3 m
    • stroke corner of mouth, upper lip, lower lip
    • locating food source
  2. suck swallow
    • 28 wks
    • 2-5 m
    • finger in mouth with head mid-line
    • strong rhythmical suck
    • ingestion of nutrition
  3. Traction
    • 28 wks
    • 2-5 m
    • grasp infants hands and pull to sit
    • complete flex of UE
    • enhances momentary reflexive grasp
  4. Moro
    • 28 wks
    • 4-6 m
    • rapidly drop head backward
    • 1st phase: arm ext/abd, hand opening
    • 2nd phase: arm flexed /add
    • ability to depart from dominant flexor posture, protective response
  5. plantar grasp
    • 28 wks
    • 9 m
    • press thumb on ball foot
    • increases tactile input to sole foot
  6. Galant
    • 32 wks
    • 2 m
    • hold in prone suspension, gently scratch/tap alongside spine from shoulder to buttocks
    • Lateral trunk flex & wrinkling skin on stimulated side
    • lateral trunk movements necessary for trunk stabalization
  7. Asymmetric Tonic Neck Reflex
    • 37 wks
    • 4-6 months
    • rotate head and hold 5 sec.
    • extension extremities on face side, flexion of extremities on skull side
    • promotes visual hand regard
  8. palmar grasp
    • 37 wks
    • 4-6 m
    • finger in palm
    • finger flex/reflexive grasp
    • tactile input on palm
  9. Tonic Labyrinthine 
    supine/prone
    • greater than 37 wks
    • 6 m
    • place in supine-increase extension tone
    • total body ext. tone

    • Place in prone-increase flexor tone
    • total body flexor tone
  10. Labyrinthine/Optical Head Righting
    • 0-2 m
    • persists
    • hold suspended vertically, tilt slow (45 degrees), side, forward, back
    • upright position of head
    • orients head in space; maintains face vertically
  11. Landau
    • 3-4 m
    • 12-24 m
    • hold in horizontal prone suspension
    • complete extension head, trunk, extremities (superman)
    • breaks up flexor dominance; facilitates prone extension
  12. Symmetric Tonic Neck Reflex (STNR)
    • 4-6 m
    • 8-12 m
    • place in crawling position & extend head
    • flexion of hips & knees
    • breaks up total extension posture; facilitates static quad position
  13. Neck righting (NOB)
    • 4-6 m
    • 5 yrs
    • place in supine and fully turn head to one side
    • log roll of entire body to maintain alignment of head
    • maintains head/body alignment; initiates rolling (1st ambulation effort)
  14. Body righting on body (BOB)
    • 4-6 m
    • 5 yrs
    • supine, flex one hip and knee toward chest and hold briefly
    • segmental rolling of upper trunk to maintain alignment
    • trunk/spinal rotation
  15. Downward Parachute 
    protective extension downward
    • 4m
    • persists
    • suspended vertically (prone) rapidly lower toward supporting surface
    • extension of lower extremities
    • allows accurate placement of lower ext. in anticipation of surface
  16. Forward Parachute 
    protective extension forward
    • 6-9 m
    • persists
    • suddenly tip forward toward surface while vertically suspended
    • sudden ext. of UE, hand opening, & neck ext.
    • accurate placement of UE in anticipation of supporting surface to prevent fall
  17. Sideward Parachute
    protective extension sideward
    • 7 m
    • persists
    • while sitting, quickly but firmly tip infant off balance to the side
    • arm ext. & abd. to the side
    • protects body to prevent falls, supports body for unilateral use of opposite arm
  18. Backward Parachute
    protective extension backwards
    • 9-10 m
    • persists
    • in sitting, quick but firm, tip of balance backward
    • backward arm ext. or arm ext. to side
    • prevents falls, unilaterally facilitates spinal rotation
  19. Prone tilting
    • 5m
    • persists
    • position in prone, slowly raise one side supporting surface
    • curving of spine toward raised side, abd. & ext. arms and legs
  20. supine tilt & sitting tilt
    • 7-8 m
    • persists
    • slowly raise one side of supporting surface
    • curving of spine toward raised side, abd. & ext arms and legs
    • maintain equilibrium without arm support; postural adjustments in all positions
  21. Quadraped tilting
    • 9-12 m
    • persists
    • raise one side supporting surface
    • curve spine toward raised side, abd. & ext. arms and legs
    • maintain equilibrium without using arms; postural alignments all positions
  22. standing tilt
    • 12-24 m
    • persists

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