EMT-Chapter 39-Geriatrics

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EMT-Chapter 39-Geriatrics
2013-07-18 16:27:15
emt geriatrics

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  1. Stenosis
    Constriction or narrowing of a passage or opening such as heart valves.
  2. Cardiac Hypertrophy
    • Increased size of the heart from thickening of the heart wall.
    • Pacemaker cells decrease as well.
  3. Dysrhythmias
    Irregular myocardial contractions from electrical disturbances in the heart.
  4. Arteriosclerosis
    Loos of vascular wall elasticity from thickening and hardening.
  5. Diseases that compromises the sight
    • Cataracts-clouding lenses of the eye
    • Glaucoma-increased intraocular pressure damages the optic nerve
    • Macular degeneration
    • Retinal detachment
  6. Neuropathy
    Any disease of the nerves. Peripheral neuropathy involves weakness, numbness, tingling, or other neuropathic symptoms in the extremities.
  7. Osteoporosis
    Loss of bone minerals that results in brittle bones.
  8. Kyphosis
    Abnormal curvature of the spine with convexity backwards.
  9. Silent Heart Attack
    A myocardial infarcation that does not cause chest pain.
  10. Congestive Heart Failure(CHF)
    Disease in which the heart cannot pump blood efficiently.
  11. Pulmonary Edema
    Fluid in the lungs.
  12. Pulmonary Embolism
    Blockage of the arteries in the lungs.
  13. Pneumonia
    Infection of the lungs, usually from a bacterium or virus.
  14. Aspiration Pneumonia
    Lung inflammation  from aspiration of vomitus or foreign matter.
  15. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease(COPD)
    Pulmonary disease such as emphysema or chronic bronchitis.
  16. Stroke
    A sudden disruption in blood flow to the brain that results in brain cell damage.
  17. Intracranial Pressure(ICP)_
    The amount of pressure within the skull.
  18. Transient Ischemic Attack(TIA)
    Strokelike symptoms that disappear within 24hrs.
  19. Seizure
    A sudden temporary Alteration in the mental status caused by massive electrical discharge in a group if nerve cells in the brain.
  20. Syncope
    Brief unresponsiveness from the lack of blood flow to the brain; fainting.
  21. Drug Toxicity
    Adverse or toxic reaction to a drug or drugs.
  22. Dementia
    • Chronic malfunctioning of normal cerebral processes.
    • Irreversible, can be severely worsened by infection, medication change, trauma.
  23. Delirium
    Sudden onset of illusions, disjointed thoughts, incoherent speech, and increased or decreased psychomotor activity.
  24. Alzheimer Disease
    Disease characterized by cerebral function loss.
  25. Ageism
    Stereotyping or discrimination against old people.