A+ Study Prep

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Author:
rhallmark
ID:
227531
Filename:
A+ Study Prep
Updated:
2013-07-18 15:41:20
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Description:
A+ prep 801 and 802
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  1. Step 1
    Identify the problem.
  2. Step 2
    Establish a theory of probable cause (Question the obvious).
  3. Step 3
    Test the theory to determine the cause.
  4. Step 4
    Establish a plan of action to resolve the problem and implement the solution.
  5. Step 5
    Verify full system functionality and, if applicable, implement preventative measures.
  6. Step 6
    Document finding, actions, and outcomes.
  7. What are the 4 causes of video failure (or a "no display" issue)
    • 1. Video Card
    • 2. RAM
    • 3. Processor
    • 4. Motherboard
  8. RTM
    • Read the manual!
    • go to the manufacturers website for technical documentation.
  9. PCH
    Platform Controller Hub (Intel Chipset)
  10. DMI
    Direct Media Interface
  11. Serial
    One Wire
  12. Parallel
    Group of wires
  13. Lane
    Two serial wires
  14. Northbridge
    Connects to High data transfer devices such as PCE video cards and RAM
  15. Southbridge
    Secondary controller, connects to USB, SATA, Firewire
  16. QPI
    Quick Path Interconnect
  17. MCH
    Memmory Controller Hub
  18. ICH
    I/O Controller Hub
  19. FSB
    Front Side Bus
  20. SATA Drives
    Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (7 pin)
  21. PCI
    Peripheral Component Interconnect (Type of expansion bus - serial)
  22. AGP
    Accelerated Graphics Port (Type of expansion bus)
  23. PCIe
    Peripheral Component Interconnect Express (Type of Expansion bus - 32 bit parallel)
  24. FCC
    Federal Communications Commission
  25. IDE
    Integrated Drive Electronics interfaces (40 pin - Parallel Advanced Technology Attachment)
  26. CNR
    Communications and Networking Riser
  27. AMR
    Audio Modem Riser
  28. PCMCIA
    Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
  29. IEEE 1394 A
    Firewire / i.Link
  30. USB
    Universal Serial Bus
  31. Lan Port
    RJ45
  32. ATX
    • TYPE OF MOTHERBOARD FORM FACTOR
    • Advanced Technology Extended
    • 12 x 9.6 inches
    • RAM and Expansions slots are perpendicular
    • Power Supplies: +3.3V,+5V, +12V, -12V, +5V Standby
  33. MICRO ATX
    • TYPE OF MOTHERBOARD FORM FACTOR
    • Micro Advanced Technology Extended
    • 9.6 x 9.6 inches
  34. ITX
    • TYPE OF MOTHERBOARD FORM FACTOR
    • Small, Low power motherboards

    • Mini: 6.7 x 6.7 inches
    • Nano: 4.7 x 4.7 inches (auto)
    • Pico: 3.9 x 2.8 inches (UMPC's)
    • Mobile: 60mm x 60mm (Military)
  35. BTX
    • TYPE OF MOTHERBOARD FORM FACTOR
    • Balanced Technology Extended
    • More efficient thermally
    • RAM and Expansion slots are parallel
  36. Wire Colors
    grey
    orange
    black
    red
    purple
    brown
    blue
    green
    white
    • Wire Voltages
    • Power Good
    • +3.3 V
    • ground
    • +5 V
    • +5 V Standby
    • +3.3 V Sense
    • -12 V
    • Power On
    • -5 V

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