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Children in different age groups
- Neonate-birth to a month of age
- Infant-a month to a year of age
- Toddler-1-3 years old
- Preschooler-3-6 years old
- School-aged child-6-12 years old
- Adolescent-12-18 years old
Heart, Respiratory Rate and Blood Pressure for Pediatrics
- Neonate: 140bpm, 40/min, 60mmHg
- 1-4 years old: 120bpm, 30/min
- 1 month to 1yr: 70mmHg
- 4-14 years old: 100bpm, 20/min
- 1-10 years old: Lower limit-70mmHg+(2*age), median normal-80mmHg+(2*age), upper limit-90mmHg+(2*age)
- Older than 12 years: 80bpm, 15/min
- Older than 10 years: 90mmHg
- The "soft spot" on the top of an infant's head where the bony plates of the skull have not yet fused together.
- Can be used to determine dehydration.
Primary Assessment for Pediatrics
- Pediatric Assessment Triangle(PAT)
- Priority determination
Pediatrics Assessment Triangle(PAT)
- Tone-muscle tone, movement of child.
- Interactivity and irritability-assess for alertness, reactivity to an object.
- Consolability-assess the child's ability to be consoled with a parent or a caregiver
- Look or gaze
- Speech or cry
- Work of Breathing:
- Abnormal sounds
- Abnormal posture or position
- Nasal Flaring
- Head bobbing
- Circulation to skin:
- Pallor-Assess skin and mucous membranes
- Petechiae-assess for small pinpoint hemorrhages to the skin
Early Respiratory Distress
- Increased respiratory effort caused by impaired respiratory function.
- The patient is in serous trouble, can progress to decompensated respiratory distress in minutes.
Compensated respiratory Distress
See early respiratory distress.
Decompensated Respiratory Failure
When the respiratory compensatory mechanism have begun to fail and respiration becomes inadequate.
Complete stoppage of breathing.
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome(SIDS)
The sudden and unexpected death of an infant or young child in which an autopsy fails to identify the cause of death.
Causing deliberate harm to another person.
Causing deliberate physical injury or harm.
The provision of insufficient attention or respect to someone who has a claim to attention.