abaerobic reaction in which a 6 carbon molecule of glucose is broken down into two 3-carbon molecules of pyruvic acid
no oxygen present
GLYCOL: 2 ATP provides two phosphate which are attached to a _____ molecule to form a new ___ carbon compound.
GLYCOL: Newly formed 6-carbon compound splits into two 3-carbon molecules of ____(____)
GLYCOL: Each molecule of G3P recieves a _______. This forms two new carbon compounds each with _____ bonded to the end of their structures.
NAD+, and electron acceptor forms _____
GLYCOL: the two 3-carbon molecules have their phosphates removed. This forms four molecules of ___ and two molecules of ___.
ATP, pyruvic acid
Has a net gain of two ATP molecules
pyruvic acid is converted to this acid and NAD+ is producedq
Lactic Acid Fermentation
____ is used to keep glycolysis going
yougurt is produced and muscle fatigue occurs during this
Lactic Acid Fermentation
pyruvic acid is converted into this alcohol and NAD+ is produced.
Ethyl alcohol fermentation
wine and beer are produced and bread rises from the CO2 produced
Ethyl Alcohol Fermentation
efficiency of glycolysis is
an aerobic reaction in which the oxidation of glucose is completed. ATP is formed.
oxygen is present
this reaction takes place in the mitochondria
the krebs cycle and the electron transport chain comprise this reaction
a biochemical pathway that breaks down acetyl CoA and combines with a 4 carbon compound called oxaloacetic acid. Forms citric acid, a 6-carbon compound
KC: a 2-carbon compound which came from the break down of pyruvic acid
KC: Citric acid releases a CO2 to form a 5 carbon compound. NAD+ picks up a hydrogen and becomes...
KC: 5 carbon compound releases a CO2 to become a ____carbon compound.
KC: 4 carbon compound releases hydrogen which ___ bonds with to become FADH2
KC: 4 carbon compound releases a hydrogen and turns into
This occurs in the inner membrane of the mitochondria
Electron transport chain
NADH and FADH2 provide the energized electrons to pump hydrogen atoms from the ___ to the other side of the inner mitochondrial membrane
this builds up a higher concentration of ______ in the outside of the membrane compared with the inside of the membrane
________ causes chemiosis to occur allowing the higher concentration of hydrogen atoms to travel back to the area of lower concentation of hydrogen atoms in the matrix. The energy released forms ADP into _____.
ATP Synthase, ATP
Oxygen atoms pick up the low energy electrons along with the hydrogens released by NADH and FADH2. This forms ____