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A personal set or institutionalized system of attitudes, morals, ethical beliefs, and practices that are held with the strength of traditional religious values, characterized by ardor and faith, and generally evidenced through specific religious observances.
What are the two supreme court cases that helped define religion?
US. vs Seegar and Welsh v. US.
What type of objectors did the courts deal with when determining the definition of religion?
Who maintains a list of faith groups that may be placed on federally-funded grave markers?
Department of Veterans Affairs
"_____________" are endorsed by their faith group as men and women willing to serve in the religiously pluralistic DoD setting, respecting the religious rights of all. In addition, __________ and their assistants are the only people in the DoD with whom military personnel may share confidential.
(True/False) All military and DoD civilian personnel are given the option of either swearing or affirming.
What religious accommodation is described: Communication between a chaplain, or chaplain's assistant, will not be disclosed in a court of law without specific permission from the service member.
What is the most common requested religious accommodation?
Time off for religious observances
What DoD instruction should military members refer to for guidance when giving members time off for religious observances?
DoDI 1300.17 Accommodation of Religious Practices within the Military.
Which SECNAVINST address the issue of DNA samples when accommodating religious requests?
SECNAVINST 1730.8B (Accommodation of Religious Practices) addresses the issue of DNA samples.
(True/False) Requests for accommodation of religious practices should be approved by commanders when accommodation will not have an adverse impact on military readiness, unit cohesion, standards, or discipline.
What is an uncommon religious request that is currently approved now?
Ceremonial use of peyote, under strict conditions
Granting one religious accommodation request might have a domino effect within the unit. What type of decision making factor is this?
What type of religious discrimination is described when a supervisor is overtly or covertly requiring a person to participate in a religious service or public prayer?
What type of religious discrimination is described when you fail to recognize and address a legitimate religious need and show a lack of concern for those that are religiously focused?
Ignoring and Indifference
What are the three White House Guidelines in regards to religious accommodations?
- Section 1 - Religious Exercise and Expression
- Section 2 - Guiding and Legal Principles
- Section 3 - General
What are the 4 key terms associated with Extremism?
Ideology, Extremism, Extremist & Supremacy
What is a set of political beliefs about the nature of people and society; an organized collection of ideas about the best and most appropriate way to live?
According to DoD Directive 1325.6, military members are prohibited from participating in what extremist activities? With regard to extremist organizations.
- Publicly demonstrating or rallying
- Recruiting and training members
- Organizing or leading such organizations
What are the 7 hate stages that extremist groups go through? Remember the first 4 stages they vocalize and the last 3 they act on their beliefs.
- Stage 1: Grouping
- Stage 2: Defining
- Stage 3: Disparaging
- Stage 4: Taunting
- Stage 5: Attacking without weapons
- Stage 6: Attacking with weapons
- Stage 7: Destroying
What stage of hate is described when extremist use ever-increasing degrees of rhetoric and violence to maintain high levels of agitation. Offensive gestures serve this purpose.
- TauntingShouting racial slurs, doing nazi salutes or other hand signals that usually accompany racial epithets.
(True/False) All extremist groups are hate groups.
False. However, all hate groups are extremist groups.
What do extremist use to display a sense of power and belonging?
What extremist trait is described when extremist tend to see the world in terms of absolute good and evil, for them or against them, with no middle ground or intermediate position.
- Dualism WorldviewWhere all issues are ultimately moral issues of right and wrong, good or bad with "right and good" being what they believe. Their slogan, "Those who are not with me are against me."
What extremist trait is described when extremist generally judge themselves or their interest group in terms of their intentions, which they tend to view generously, and their critics and opponents by their acts, which they tend to view very critically.
- Advocacy of double standardsWhere they would like you to accept their assertions on faith, but they demand proof for yours.
Which ideology is described: The belief that one’s race or ethnicity is superior to all others and should dominate society. In general, has frequently resulted in anti-Black and anti-Semitic violence.
What is described: Represent something important in our existence; a type of belief, centrally located within our self-concept, about how we ought or ought not to behave.
What is described: A state of mind or feeling with regard to some matter; a disposition.
What type of Sexist Behavior is displayed by offering an unequal pay for equal work, establishing all-male/female clubs, giving awards or job assignments based on gender.
What are the 3 "Historical Influences" that allow sexism to continue?
- Religion – Man in God’s image, woman from man (Genesis 1:26-27, 2:18-23); Men protect wives, women obey husbands.
- Great Man Theory – Thomas Carlyle once declared, “The history of the world is but the biography of great men.” In essence, men have been the storytellers of history.
- The Constitution – In 1787, “We the people...” only included White men; slaves and women were not included until later in history.
Behaviors, Abilities, Psychological/Personality differences, Ignoring, Speaking, & Interrupting and Pro Sexism, are all what type of influences that allow sexism to continue?
Societal Influences that allow sexism to continue
From childhood on, many males and females in our culture are taught to exhibit certain behaviors is what type of “Influence that allows sexism” to continue?
Cultural Influence that allows sexism to continue
What are the 3 “Institutional influences that allow sexism to continue?”
- Job role models - Using job labels to set us apart (woman doctor, male nurse, female service member)
- Unnecessary division - Actor/actress, waiter/waitress, flight attendant/stewardress.
- The media - Continued to turn sexual images of both men and women into entertainment.
What are some "Stereotypes that impact full integration" of Women in the Military?
- Psychological - Can't handle stress, emotional, mood swings, too feminine, ect...
- Physical - The weaker sex, no endurance.
- Pregnancy Issues - Removed from ships after 20 weeks.
- Leadership Issues - "No man would follow a woman into battle; she can't make the logical decisions."
What are three Sexism and Ego Defense mechanisms that impact the full intergration of women in the military?
- Denial – There is no way a woman outdid me!
- Projection – If she didn’t dress so provocatively, she wouldn’t get so much attention.
- Rationalization – Boys will be boys, men play with trucks, women with dolls.
(True/False) “Sex-based harassment” is a type of harassment that does not involve sexual activity or language.
True, it is also characterized as Sex-Based Discrimination.
“__________” is a full precise expression in the form of verbal, nonverbal, or physical behavior. Also described as things acted upon in a clear, overt and open manner that is “clearly out of bounds.”
What Part of Sexual Harassment is described when submission to or rejection of such conduct by a person is used as a basis for career or employment decision affecting that person?
Part 3. Which expands on the Quid Pro Quo type of sexual harassment that is found under Part 2.
What Part of Sexual Harassment is described when workplace conduct, to be actionable as a hostile work environment harassment, need not result in concrete psychological harm to the victim, but rather need only be so severe or pervasive that a reasonable person would perceive, and the victim does perceive, the work environment as hostile or offensive.
Part 5. The two terms need further clarification to understand this part of the definition: Work environment and the Reasonable person standard.
The Reasonable person standard met meet two test: Objective test and Subjective test.
What Part of Sexual Harassment is described when any person in a supervisory or command position uses or condones any form of sexual behavior to control, influence, or affect the career/pay of a military member?
Part 6. The message here is that Sexual Harassment prevention is everyone's responsibility.
Sexual Harassment in the form of hints of something improper, indirect remarks, or gestures suggesting impropriety is known as what?
What are two types of sexual harassment?
- Quid Pro Quo
- Acts that create a “Hostile work environment”
What are the three forms that Sexual Harassment can take?
- Verbal – Turning work discussions to sexual topics and sexual connotations or innuendoes.
- Nonverbal – Sexually oriented entertainment in organizations, base facilities, or officially sanctioned functions and displaying sexually suggestive visuals
- Physical – Touching, pinching, bumping, or cornering
What are the three types of effects that Sexual Harassment can bring onto a victim?
- Psychological Effects – Fear of rape, increased fear in crime, shameful experience that may lead to isolation.
- Health Related Effects – Headaches, neck and back pain, gastrointestinal disturbances, tiredness/fatigue, sleep disturbance
- Individual/Victim Coping Strategies - A victim may minimize the situation by treating it like a job or deciding that the incident was really not important (detachment).
What are three reactive strategies of Sexual Harassment?
- Ensuring all actions/complaints are dealt with in a timely manner
- Conducting appropriate follow-up actions and checking for reprisal or retaliation
- Based on reactive measures, you need to re-engage and re-emphasize proactive strategies.
(True/False) The decision to report an incident of Sexual Harassment is often viewed as a last resort by most of the subjects.
What are some examples of “Sexual Assualt?”
- Aggravated Sexual Assault—Penetration by use of bodily harm, lesser threats than death, taking advantage of victim’s incapacitation.
- Aggravated Sexual Contact—Forcible touching of the genitalia by use of threat of death, grievous bodily harm, rendering unconscious, or drugging the victim.
- Abusive sexual contact—Touching of the genitalia by use of bodily harm, lesser threats than death, taking advantage of victim’s incapacitation.
- Indecent Assault—Unlawful touching of the genitalia by use of force (discontinued under UCMJ after FY 2006)
What are a few preventative measures when dealing with Sexual Assault?
- Mandatory Training
- Keep Commanders aware of their organization’s climate
- Help Commanders emphasize that Sexual Assault violates the core values and the DoD policies
- Help Commanders keep a “Finger on the pulse” of the organization’s climate
A military member who is frequently absent from duty because of medical, legal, investigative, and administrative matters in regards to Sexual Assault, is a direct impact to what?
A Unit’s Military Readiness
Who develops policy and programs to improve prevention efforts through training and education programs, enhance treatment and response to victims, and ensure system accountability?
Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office (S.A.P.R.O)
Who are the only three entities that a victim of Sexual Assault should report to if they wish to make a Restricted Report?
- Sexual Assault Response Coordinator
- Victim Advocate
- Health Care Provider
DoD’s “_______________” permits victims of Sexual Assault to report the crime to specified individuals who can then ensure the victim receives medical care, treatment and counseling without notifying command or law enforcement officials.
(True/False) For purposes of public safety and command responsibility, the SARC will notify the installation commander that a Sexual Assault has occurred and provide details that will not identify the victim.
Under Restricted Reporting for Sexual Assault, the victim will be ineligible to invoke “_______________” of the Department’s Sexual Assault policy in the event that the victim’s command learns the victim had been engaged in some form of misconduct at the time of the assault.
The Collateral Misconduct Provision