POLSCI 125 - Governing Cal CH 1 & 2

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POLSCI 125 - Governing Cal CH 1 & 2
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  1. Proposition 140
    implemented term limits for those elected to the California legislature. Legislators were limited to three 2-year terms in the Assembly and two 4-year terms in the Senate
  2. term limit
    A term limit is a legal restriction that limits the number of terms an officeholder may serve in a particular elected office.
  3. majoritarian
    Governed by or believing in decision by a majority
  4. leading countries of origin for immigrants (top 4)
    • Mexico
    • Philippines
    • China (including Taiwan)
    • Vietnam
  5. What three factors shape the content and character of California's politics?
    • The decisions of voters and politicians.
    • The rules of the game, as set out in the federal and state constitutions and in state laws.
    • The underlying demographic and sociopolitical trends that affect California and the other states.
  6. unitary system
    (1)_______ government gives (2)_____ to
    (3)___-________ governments [(4)_______, ______, ______ ________]
    • 1. Central
    • 2. power
    • 3. sub-national
    • 4. counties, cities, special districts
  7. unitary system
    (1)_____ governments typically have
    only those (2)______ granted to them by the (3)_______ government, rather than any
    (4)________ ______.
    • 1. Local
    • 2. powers
    • 3. central
    • 4. reserved powers.
  8. unitary system
    Especially important is the
    (1)______ government’s role as (2)________ of (3)____.
    • 1. central
    • 2. provider
    • 3. funds
  9. unitary system
    All (1)_____ government have
    (2)_________, (3)___________ and (4)________ branches
    • 1. state
    • 2. executive
    • 3. legislative
    • 4. judicial
  10. foreign-born population
    28% of California's population is foreign-born
  11. two-thirds requirement for raising taxes
    Which Proposition(s) are involved in raising taxes?

    1. Prop 8
    2. Prop 11
    3. Prop 25
    4. Prop 30
    5. 2 and 3
    6. 3 and 4
    • 6.
    • Prop 25: lowers required vote to pass budget to 50 percent plus one
    • Prop 30: implements 4-year increases in state sales tax & 7-year increases in tax rates for citizens making over $250,000 income
  12. two-thirds requirement for raising taxes
    The burden of balancing the state budge has fallen on low- and moderate-income state residents because...
    the Republican Party refuses to countenance any tax increases of any kind.
  13. two-thirds requirement for raising taxes
    Prop 25
    lowered required vote to pass the budget to 50 percent plus one
  14. two-thirds requirement for raising taxes
    Prop 30
    implements 4-year increases in the state sales tax and 7-year increases in tax rates for citizens making over $250k in income
  15. two-thirds requirement for raising taxes
    2012 election has (1)_________ in a (2)_____________ of seats in the legislature, meaning they would have enough votes without any (3)__________ support to (4)______ taxes
    • 1. Democrats
    • 2. supermajority
    • 3. Republican
    • 4. raise
  16. Compromise of 1850 -
    What did the North get?
    • California admitted as a free state.
    • Slave trade prohibited in Washington, D.C.
    • Texas loses boundary dispute with New Mexico.
  17. Compromise of 1850 -
    What did the South get?
    • No slavery restrictions in Utah or New Mexico territories
    • Slaveholding permitted in Washington D.C.
    • Texas gets $10 million
    • Fugitive Slave Law
  18. Compromise of 1850 -
    Why did Texas accept $10 million?
    The $10 million was used to pay off their debt to Mexico.
  19. Compromise of 1850: Fugitive Slave Law
    requiring northerners to return runaway slaves to their owners under penalty of law.
  20. Compromise of 1850 -
    Did either side, the North or South, benefit more than the other?
    The North would appear to have benefited most because they received additional Senate seats from receiving California as a free state.
  21. unique features of the political process in California (5)
    • The sheer size of the state
    • The competing network of interest groups
    • The increasing use of the initiative
    • The divided executive branch
    • The widespread, almost universal use of nonpartisan elections at the local level of government
  22. unique features of the political process in California
    The sheer size of the state...
    increases the cost of political campaigns and media cost.
  23. unique features of the political process in California
    The competing network of interest groups causes...
    groups to jockey for position and influence
  24. unique features of the political process in California
    The increasing use of the initiative significantly impacts...
    state and local governance and policy
  25. unique features of the political process in California
    The divided executive branch, composed of nine separately elected officials each with his or her own area of authority and responsibility, leads to...
    overlapping responsibilities and fragmentation in the execution of state policy
  26. unique features of the political process in California
    The widespread, almost universal use of nonpartisan elections at the local level of government eliminates...
    a valueable clue for voters to identify the policy positions of the candidates on the ballot
  27. Which of the following was not part of the Progressive Movement?

    1. Child labor laws
    2. Led by Vincente Guererro
    3. Nonpartisan local elections
    4. Right to vote for women
    5. Conservation policies
    6. Civil service system
    2. The Progressive Movement was lead by Hiram Johnson
  28. The Progressive Movement was led by...
    Hiram Johnson
  29. direct democracy (initiative, recall and referendum)
    gives citizens the ability to rein in the abuse of power by elected officials or to ignite those same public officials if they are paralyzed by inaction and partisan bickering.
  30. Manifest Destiny
    In the United States in the 19th century, Manifest destiny was the widely held belief that American settlers were destined to expand across the continent.
  31. state role in national government
    States are basic units in the...
    organizational scheme of the federal government
  32. state role in national government
    The House of Representatives
    apportions...
    members to the states by population
  33. state role in national government
    Every state has at least one
    member of (1)_____ __ ____________; each state has two U.S. (2)________
    • 1. House of Representatives
    • 2. Senators
  34. state role in national government
    3/4 of states must ratify...
    constitutional amendments
  35. state role in national government
    California leads the nation in...
    contributions to federal candidates
  36. CA electoral votes
    • The president is chosen by
    • electoral votes (based on the number of U.S. Senators and House of
    • Representatives)

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