POLSCI 125 Governing Cal CH 3 & 4

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POLSCI 125 Governing Cal CH 3 & 4
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2013-07-25 17:20:57
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polsci125 Governing California CH 3 & 4
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  1. Political parties
    is an organization of people with roughly similar political or ideological positions who work to win elections to take control of the government and change public policy
  2. Roles of Political Parties
    Help bring about consensus on...
    important political issues and serve as two- way communication channels between government and the people
  3. Roles of Political Parties
    Help recruit candidates for...
    political office
  4. Roles of Political Parties
    Directly involved in...
    political campaigns, providing workers, raising money
  5. Roles of Political Parties
    Promote discussions of...
    important political issues
  6. Roles of Political Parties
    (1)______ voters around (2)________ time
    • 1. Mobilize
    • 2. election
  7. Which of the following is not a role of political parties?

    1. Promote discussions on important issues
    2. Help recruit candidates for political office
    3. Provides workers and raises money concerning political issues
    4. Serve as a two-way communication channel between government and the people
    3. Directly involved in political campaigns, providing workers, raising money
  8. Which of the following is not a role of political parties?

    1. Promote discussions of important political issues 
    2. Help bring about consensus on important political issues
    3. Directly involved in political campaigns, providing workers, raising money
    4. All of the above.
    4. All of the above.
  9. What is the role of third parties in politics, particularly in California?
    • They may draw enough votes from one or the other of the two major parties to alter the election outcome.
    • Third parties help focus public attention on important political issues.
  10. What are the five third political parties in California?
    • American Independent Party
    • the Americans Elect Party
    • the Peace and Freedom Party
    • the Green Party
    • the Libertarian Party
  11. party affiliation in California
    What percentage of voters are registered with the Democratic Party?
    about 44 percent
  12. party affiliation in California
    What percentage of voters are registered with the Republican Party?
    29 percent
  13. party affiliation in California
    What percentage of voters have no preference?
    A substantial 21 percent of voters have no party preference
  14. party affiliation in California
    What percentage of voters are registered with minor parties?
    6 percent
  15. political tolerance and support for racial and cultural diversity
    Prop 187
    initiative constitutional amdendment made undocumented immigrants ineligible for various public social services
  16. political tolerance and support for racial and cultural diversity
    Prop 215
    initiative statue hat permitted the medicinal use of marijuana
  17. political tolerance and support for racial and cultural diversity
    Prop 22
    initiative statue declaring the only marriage between a man and woman was valid or recognized in California
  18. political tolerance and support for racial and cultural diversity
    Prop 8
    initiative constitutional amendment that eliminated the right of same-sex couples to marry
  19. political tolerance and support for racial and cultural diversity
    Prop 30
    initiative constitutional amendment to temporarily raise taxes to fund education.
  20. political tolerance and support for racial and cultural diversity
    Prop 30 
    (1)________ income taxes increased for those earning over (2)$___,000 for (3)_____ years and the sales tax would increase by (4).__ cents for (5)____ years; increased state revenue used to fund (6)_________ at (7)_-__, (8)_________ _______ & (9)__________ ______
    • 1. Personal
    • 2. $250,000
    • 3. seven
    • 4. .25
    • 5. four
    • 6. education
    • 7. K-12
    • 8. community college
    • 9. university levels
  21. political tolerance and support for racial and cultural diversity
    Prop 34
    initiative statue asking voters to approve the repeal of the death penalty and replace with life imprisonment without the possibility of parole
  22. Progressive impact on political parties included...
    Party primaries designed to take power to (1)______ candidate for office away from the (2)_______ and into the hands of (3)______. It made the opportunity to run for office to anyone that met (4)___ and (5)_________ requirements.
    • 1. select
    • 2. parties
    • 3. voters
    • 4. age
    • 5. residency
  23. Progressive impact on political parties included...
    Nonpartisan elections showed only the candidates...
    current occupation status, requiring voters to inform themselves about the candidate
  24. Progressive impact on political parties included...
    Installing a new ballot, the "office block ballot" which...
    lists each office separately and requires the voter to make his or her choice
  25. political party registration & demographics
    Nearly 45 percent of all young, middle-aged, and older Californians prefer the Democratic Party True / False
    True
  26. political party registration & demographics
    older people are less inclined than are younger people to affiliate with the Republican Party True / False
    • False
    • younger people are less inclined that are middle-aged and older people to affiliate with the Republican Party
  27. political party registration & demographics
    middle-aged people appear more likely than the other age groups not to affiliate with one of the major poltical parties
    • False
    • younger people appear more likely than the other age groups not to affiliate with one of the major poltical parties
  28. political party registration & demographics
    those 50 years or older make up 54% of the Republican Party and the party's number grows annually as the population ages True / False
    True
  29. political party registration & demographics
    Majority of women are (1)____________ [compared to (2)__% of men]
    • 1. Democratic
    • 2. 37%
  30. political party registration & demographics
    More men than women are (1)____________ [(2)__% and (3)__%]
    • 1. Independent
    • 2. 27%
    • 3. 16%
  31. political party registration & demographics
    Those with high school degree or less prefer...
    the Democratic Party
  32. political party registration & demographics
    ______ are evenly split between the Democratic and Republican Party
    Whites
  33. political party registration & demographics
    Those U.S. born Californians prefer (1)__________ and it is nearly equal of (2)_._. ____ and (3)__________ support the (4)__________ Party
    • 1. Republican
    • 2. U.S. born
    • 3. immigrants
    • 4. Democratic
  34. political party registration & demographics
    More of foreign-born identify as (1)____________ - (2)__%
    • 1. Independents
    • 2. 27%
  35. political party registration & demographics
    _______ favor Democratic Party
    Latinos
  36. initiative campaigns
    Californians can completely bypass the state legislature, their elected representatives, and place proposed policies on the ballot for direct vote by the people.
  37. Initiative Campaigns
    Most people think of the initiative process as direct democracy in the action. True / False
    True
  38. Initiative Campaigns
    Many ballot initiatives emerge as a result of grassroots efforts. True / False
    False.

    Only a small number of ballot initiatives emerge due to grassroots efforts.
  39. Initiative Campaigns
    Many people believe that when concerned citizens circulate petitions to qualify their issue for the ballot and then hold an election allowing the public to state its preference for or against the proposed policy is an example of direct democracy. True / False
    True
  40. Initiative Campaigns
    Initiatives are largely a (1)_______ ____ used by (2)______ ________ groups to achieve their (3)______ ______.
    • 1. political tool
    • 2. special interest
    • 3. policy goals
  41. 2010 campaign for governor
    Republican and Democrat nominees
    • Meg Whitman
    • Jerry Brown
  42. According to a CNN interview, Whitman was hurt most during the 2010 campaign by a matter involving...
    Nicky Diaz, her former Mexican maid, whom Whitman fired after Diaz asked for her help as she was an illegal immigrant
  43. Constitutional office holders in California are prohibited from serving more than two consecutive terms in the same office for life as of 1989. True / False
    False

    This became true in 1990.
  44. After Jerry Brown won reelection for governor of California in 2010, how many years has he been elected to this position?
    Three times.
  45. What years of service as California's Governor that Jerry Brown served before his reelection to the same position in 2010?
    1975 - 1983
  46. What city was Jerry Brown formerly the mayor for?
    City of Oakland
  47. Meg Whitman's 2010 campaign ads focused on...
    Women voters, Latinos, and undecided Democrats and Independents
  48. Meg Whitman, spent how much of her own money during the 2010 campaign for Governor of California?
    $160 million
  49. Meg Whitman (before 2010 campaign for California Governor election)
    • American business executive
    • Former CEO of eBay
  50. Jerry Brown (before 2010 campaign for California Governor election)
    • Former Governor of California
    • Former Mayor of Oakland
    • Incumbent California Attorney General
  51. What are the two things that the Prop 28 measure does?
    • Reduces the total number of years an individual can serve in the legislature from 14 to 12 years
    • Increases the number of years that a person can serve in either chamber
  52. What are the combinations of years that an individual can serve in the legislature Assembly or Senate?
    Six 2 year terms in the Assembly or three 4 year terms in the Senate or a combination of both Assembly and Senate.
  53. Based on Proposition 28, an individual can serve a total of 12 years either in the Assembly, the Senate, but not a combination of both. True / False
    False

    A person CAN serve a combination of both the Assembly and Senate up to the maximum of 12 years.
  54. Voters passed Proposition 28 by a margin of 70 to 30 percent. True / False
    False

    The margin was 61 to 39 percent.
  55. Which of the following is not true of Proposition 28?

    1. A major argument in support of this proposition was that allowing legislators to serve longer in the Assembly or Senate will reduce the habit of individuals jumping from one chamber to the other.
    2. Proponents argued that serving 12 years in one chamber will allow members to pay more attention to the needs of their constituents and this focused attention might reduce the power of special interest groups.
    3. Individuals can run for reelection for the same office and serve the maximum years.
    4. Individuals can serve in the legislature for 14 years.
    4. Individuals can serve in the legislature from 14 years to 12 years.
  56. "Flipping offices"
    Individuals jump from one chamber to the other.
  57. campaign contributions to federal candidates...
    California contributed nearly (1)$___ million to federal candidates, with almost half of the contributions going to (2)_________
    • 1. $300
    • 2. Democrats
  58. campaign contributions to federal candidates...
    Californians contributing to federal (1)__________ and (2)_______ must abide by all federal campaign (3)____________ laws, which limit the amount of money (4)___________ and (5)____ may contribute to federal (6)_________ and (7)_______
    • 1. candidates
    • 2. parties
    • 3. contribution
    • 4. individuals
    • 5. PACs
    • 6. campaigns
    • 7. parties
  59. who votes in California
    Percentage of whites that are registered to vote
    5-8%
  60. who votes in California
    African American high registration rate of...
    82%
  61. who votes in California
    Asian American voters registration rate
    65%
  62. who votes in California
    Latino adults that are registered to vote
    38%
  63. who votes in California
    What are the three factors that explain the discrepancy of white voters at a higher rate than Asian American and Latinos?
    • 1. Eligibility
    • 2. Youth
    • 3. Education
  64. who votes in California
    Factors to explain discrepancy for Asian Americans and Latinos: Eligibility
    a significant proportion of the Latino and Asian populations are not eligible to vote because they are not citizens
  65. who votes in California
    Factors to explain discrepancy for Asian Americans and Latinos: Youth
    The Latino and Asian population are both younger, and younger people are less likely to vote than are older people
  66. who votes in California
    Factors to explain discrepancy for Asian Americans and Latinos: Education
    The probability of voting increases with a receipt of college or advanced degree
  67. Interest groups
    An organization of people who share common political interests and aim to influence public policy by electioneering and lobbying.
  68. media
  69. interest group state
  70. interest group spending
  71. Political Party Registration
    Democrats outnumber Republicans in San Francisco by more than ___ to one
    six
  72. Political Party Registration
    Democrats outnumber Republicans in Los Angeles County by more than ___ to one
    two
  73. Political Party Registration
    Republican and Democrats were nearly equal at 34% and 35% respectively in ___ _____ Country
    San Diego

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