POLSCI 125 Governing Cal CH 5, 6, 8, 9

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POLSCI 125 Governing Cal CH 5, 6, 8, 9
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polsci125 Governing California CH 5, 6, 8, 9
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  1. How many people are in the standing and permanent committees in 2009 - 2010 in the Assembly and then in the Senate?
    • 30 people in the Assembly
    • 22 people in the Senate
  2. Standing committees
  3. California legislature members
    In 2009–10 there were 22 standing or permanent committees in the Assembly and 30 in the Senate. True / False
    False

    There are 30 in the Assembly and 22 in the Senate.
  4. California legislature districts
  5. how bills become law
  6. how bills become law... (4)
    • A.Bills are first introduced by members and sent to committees.
    • B.Bills must pass the floors of both houses (with identical wording) before they are sent to the governor for his signature.
    • C.If the governor vetoes a bill, it takes a two-thirds vote of each house to override it.
    • D.Budget, appropriation, and tax bills also require a two-thirds vote, giving the minority party immense power in the legislature and making it difficult for the majority party to govern.
  7. Powers of the Governor...
    What are the two types of powers of the Governor?
    Formal and Informal Powers
  8. Powers of the Governor...
    Formal Powers (9)
    • organizing and managing the executive branch, including appointing many top executives
    • independent executive actions
    • commander in chief of the National Guard appointing people to head executive agencies, to independent boards and commissions, and to the judiciary
    • drawing up the budget
    • making legislative recommendations
    • vetoing legislation
    • line-item vetoes of budget and appropriation items
    • granting of clemency, including pardons and reprieves
  9. Powers of the Governor...
    Informal (4)
    • bargaining with legislators and other independent power sources
    • access to the public to make his case
    • developing a vision or agenda for the state
    • raising money for political campaigns
  10. Plural Elected Executives (9)
    • Governor
    • Lieutenant Governor
    • Attorney General
    • Secretary of State
    • Treasurer
    • Insurance Commissioner
    • Controller
    • Superintendent of Public Instruction
    • Board of Equalization
  11. Plural Elected Executive
    Governor
    Organizes the executive branch, prepares the budget and legislation, signs    or vetoes bills
  12. Plural Elected Executive
    Lieutenant Governor
    Replaces the governor if he or she is out of the state or incapacitated or leaves office for any reason
  13. Plural Elected Executive
    Attorney General
    Enforces laws, oversees and assists district attorneys
  14. Plural Elected Executive
    Secretary of State
    Holds elections and oversees the records and archives of the state
  15. Plural Elected Executive
    Treasurer
    Manages state money
  16. Plural Elected Executive
    Insurance Commissioner
    Regulates insurance companies
  17. Plural Elected Executive
    Controller
    Monitors collection of taxes, provides fiscal controls for receipts and payments
  18. Plural Elected Executive
    Superintendent of Public Instruction
    Administers the state role in public education,    sits on the state Board of Education
  19. Plural Elected Executive
    Board of Equalization
    Oversees the assessment and administration of property taxes and the collection and distribution of sales taxes and the collection of excise taxes. The controller is a member of this
  20. Revenue sources (7)
    • Personal Income Tax
    • Sales Tax
    • Corporation Tax
    • Highway Users' Tax
    • Motor Vehicle Tax
    • Insurance Tax
    • All Other Taxes
  21. state expenditures (10)
    • Health and human services  
    • Education (K—12)    
    • Business, transportation, housing    
    • Higher education    
    • Corrections and rehabilitation   
    • Legislative, judicial, executive    
    • Resources
    • Environmental protection   
    • General government  
    • Others
  22. County government (183)
    An 1894 amendment to the state constitution, however, made it virtually    impossible to do so by requiring a favorable majority vote in both the entire county    affected and in the territory of the proposed new county. True / False
    True
  23. County Government
    California’s 58 counties vary greatly in their (1)_________, (2)__________, and (3)___________ characteristics.
    • 1. territory
    • 2. population
    • 3. demographic
  24. County Government
    General-Law Counties
    It prescribes the number and functions of elected county officials, how they are selected, and what they may or may not do in raising revenue, spending money, delivering services, and so on.
  25. County Government
    (1)________ counties, however, have adopted a (2)____-____ _______, which gives voters    greater control over the selection of governing bodies and officers, more flexibility in raising taxes and revenues, and broader discretion in organizing to deliver services.
    • 1. Fourteen
    • 2. home-rule charter
  26. County Government
    County responsibilities include (1)_______ and (2)________, public (3)______, public (4)______, (5)__________, (6)_____ and (7)__________, (8)_______ and public (9)_________, public (10)_______, tax (11)__________, general (12)__________, (13)_____ administration, and (14)____ use.
    • 1. bridges
    • 2. highways
    • 3. safety
    • 4. health
    • 5. employment
    • 6. parks
    • 7. recreation
    • 8. welfare
    • 9. assistance
    • 10. records
    • 11. collection
    • 12. government
    • 13. court
    • 14. land
  27. city governments (189)
    California's 481 incorporated cities fell into three categories: (1)_______-___ cities [371], (2)_______cities [109], and the unique case of (3)___ _________’s consolidated city and county.
    • 1. general-law
    • 2. charter
    • 3. San Francisco's
  28. City Governments
    Under the different arrangements [(1)_______-___ cities, (2)_______ cities and the unique case of (3)___ _________], all cities have the power to legislate, as long as their local policies don’t conflict with state or federal law.
    • 1. general-law
    • 2. charter
    • 3. San Francisco
  29. City Government
    Most city governments provide water, and some run public transit systems. True / False
    True
  30. forms of city government
    council-manager
    • the voters elect a city council, which in turn appoints a professionally trained city manager to run the administration.
    • The city manager directly controls the bureaucracy and supervises the performance of department heads.
    • The council restricts itself to legislative policy making, while retaining the ultimate authority to fire or replace the appointed manager.
  31. forms of city government
    mayor-council system
    • the voters elect a mayor and a city council in separate elections. The mayor serves as the city’s overall chief executive and exercises independent veto and budgetary powers.
    • The council (or, in the case of San Francisco, the board of supervisors) is responsible for legislative policy making. Typically various appointive boards and commissions set overall policy and supervise administration of important city departments, such as police and fire, thus limiting the mayor’s direct control of the bureaucracy.
  32. special districts
    are limited-purpose local governments. They fill the need or desire for services that general-purpose governments such as counties and cities cannot or will not provide.
  33. Special Districts
    “Special districts localize...
    the costs and benefits of public services. Special districts allow local citizens to obtain the services they want at a price they are willing to pay.”
  34. Examples of special districts...
    • fire protection districts
    • cemetery districts
    • water districts
    • recreation and park districts
    • conservation districts
  35. How are special districts created?
    the voters in the proposed district must apply to their county’s LAFCo. After the LAFCo reviews and approves the proposal, it moves to an election in which only the voters residing inside the proposed district boundaries may vote.
  36. Advantages of special districts
    • the flexibility that such districts allow in tailoring the level and quality of service to citizen demands.
    • the linking of costs to benefits, so that those who don’t benefit from a district’s services don’t have to pay for them.
    • the greater responsiveness of special districts to their constituents, who often reside in smaller geographic areas of larger city and county jurisdictions.
  37. Disadvantage of special districts
    • the overlapping of jurisdictions and the resulting duplication of services already provided by cities and counties or by other special districts.
    • the reduced incentives for needed regional planning, especially in providing water, sewer, and fire protection services, which are typically offered by a host of special districts governed by independent boards without any central coordination.
    • the decreased accountability that results from the sheer multiplicity of limited special districts, which overwhelms the average citizen’s ability to find out who is in charge of delivering specific services.
  38. non-partisan elections (192)
    California law requires that all local elections be officially nonpartisan. True / False
    True
  39. non-partisan elections
    In nonpartisan elections, information about a candidate’s political party membership is shown on the ballot. True / False
    False, a candidate's political party membership is NOT shown on the ballot.
  40. sponsored bills

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