lab animal

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Author:
vanessasoto
ID:
227864
Filename:
lab animal
Updated:
2013-07-22 18:17:26
Tags:
rat test
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Description:
test in lab animal on rats test number 3
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  1. what is the scientific name for a rat
    Rattus norvegicus
  2. what is a rats temperature
    ~99.5 F
  3. what is a rats life span
    2.5-4 years
  4. outbred stains
    • Sprague-Dawley
    • Long Evan Wistor
  5. inbred strains
    • Fisher 344
    • Lewis
  6. what research are rats used for
    • nutrition
    • behavioral
    • diabetes
    • cancer
    • obesity
    • hypertension
  7. what identifications do they use on rats
    • cage card
    • ear notching
    • stains and dyes-usually on tail
  8. handling and restraints on a rat
    • grasp the rats head between your index and middle finger. hold the tail with your other hand
    • can scuff but doesn't work well
    • life jacket method
  9. cage type for a rat
    • solid bottom
    • show box
    • wired top
  10. temperature in animal room for rats
    65-75 F
  11. humidity in animal room for rats
    40-60%
  12. bedding for rats
    • corn cob
    • cellulose
    • wood shaving
  13. photo period or light in animal room for rats
    12-14 hours
  14. ventilation rate in animals room for rats
    10-15 air changes per hour
  15. water consumption for a rat
    • rodent chow
    • same as mice
  16. feeding requirements for rats
    15g per 100g weight per day
  17. what should the protein content be for rats
    20-25% with 4% fat
  18. copraphagia?
    yes
  19. estrous cycle
    • 4-5 days
    • continuously polyestrous
  20. gestation time for rats
    22 days
  21. litter size for rats
    6-12
  22. cannibalism
    yes can eat youngs if stressed
  23. how are they born
    precocial
  24. behavioral patterns
    • very social
    • love to burrow
    • nocturnal
    • enjoy climbing
    • do better in groups
  25. special techniques
    • IM
    • IP
    • SQ
    • IV
    • gavaging
  26. blood sampling
    • orbital bleeds
    • better tail vein than mice
    • jug vein
    • lateral saphenous
  27. commonly used anesthetics
    • isoflurane
    • acepormazine
    • diazepam
    • ketamine
    • xylazine
    • propofol
  28. how to measure anesthetic depth
    • whisker movement in a response to a puff of air
    • toe or nail pinch failure to withdraw
  29. diseases
    • same as mouse
    • sendai
    • tyzzer's disease
    • pasteurellosis
    • mycoplasmosis
  30. parasites and special considerations
    • coccidia
    • thorny-headed worms: intestinal parasites
    • mites
    • fleas
    • malocculsion
    • barbering
    • ringtail
    • red tears
  31. ringtail
    • ring like pattern on the tail
    • annular constriction of the tail caused by low humidity
  32. red tears
    • reddish material in saliva is in tears
    • material is porphyria
    • non-clinical
  33. social enrichment
    • tissues
    • tubes
    • boxes
    • houses

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