imaging procedures

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fr0ggy
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227867
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imaging procedures
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2013-07-22 21:40:48
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  1. the coronoid process should be visualized in profile in which of the following procedures?
    medial oblique elbow
  2. the male bony pelvis differs from the female bony pelvis in which of the following way(s)?
    • the female pubic arch is greater than 90*
    •  the male ilium is more vertical
  3. which of the following structures is (are) located in the right upper quadrant (RUQ)?
    • hepatic flexure
    • gallbladder
  4. during an upper gastrointestinal (GI) examination, a stomach of average shape demonstrates a barium-filled fundus and double contrast of the pylorus and duodenal bulb. the position used is most likely
    LPO
  5. A frontal view of the sternum is best accomplished in which of the following positions?
    RAO
  6. what is the name of the condition that results in the forward slipping of one vertebra in the on below it?
    spondylolisthesis
  7. how should a chest examination to rule out air-fluid levels be obtained on a patient having traumatic injuries?
    include a lateral chest examination performed in dorsal decubitus position
  8. which of the following positions is most likely to place the right kidney parallel to the IR?
    LPO
  9. in which of the following tangential axial projections of the patella is complete relaxation of the quadriceps femoris required for an accurate diagnosis?
    supine flexion 45 degrees (Merchant)
  10. which of the following projections can be used to supplement the traditional "open-mouth" projection when the portion of the odontoid process cannot be well demonstrated?
    AP or PA through the foramen magnum
  11. the floor of the cranium includes all of the following bones except
    the occipital bone
  12. which of the following positions can be used to demonstrate the axillary ribs of the right thorax?
    • LAO
    • RPO
  13. in which projection of the foot are the interspaces between the first and second cuneiforms best demonstrated?
    Lateral oblique foot
  14. the sternal angle is at approximately the same level as the
    T5
  15. which of the following structures is (are) located in the right upper quadrant (RUQ)?
    • gallbladder
    • hepatic flexure
  16. which of the following projections of the ankle would best demonstrate the mortise?
    Medial oblique 15 to 20*
  17. which of the following bony landmarks is in the same transverse plane as the symphysis pubis?
    prominence of the greater trochanter
  18. with the patient in the PA position, which of the following tube angle and direction combinations is correct for an axial projection of the clavicle?
    15 to 30 degrees caudad
  19. what portion of the humerus articulates with the ulna to help form the elbow joint?
    trochlea
  20. during myelography, contrast medium is introduced into the
    subarachnoid space
  21. the lumbar transverse process is represented by what part of the "scotty dog" seen in a correctly positioned oblique lumbar spine?
    nose
  22. Aspiration foreign bodies in older children and adults are most likely to lodge in the
    right main stem bronchus
  23. with the patient seated at the end of the x-ray table, elbow flexed 80 degrees, and the CR directed 45 degrees laterally from the shoulder to the elbow joint, which of the following structures will be demonstrated best?
    coronoid process
  24. the secondary center of ossification in long bones is the
    epiphysis
  25. medial displacement of a tibial fracture would be best demonstrated in the
    AP projection
  26. the lumbar lamina is represented by what part of the "scotty dog" seen in a correctly positioned oblique lumbar spine view?
    body
  27. which of the following positions would best demonstrate the proximal tibiofibular articulation?
    45-degree internal rotation
  28. at what level do the carotid arteries bifurcate?
    C4
  29. during double-contrast BE, which of the following positions would afford the best double-contrast visualization of the lateral wall of the descending colon and the medial wall of the ascending colon?
    right lateral decubitus
  30. the term used to describe expectoration of blood from the bronchi is
    hemoptysis
  31. the body habitus characterized by a long and narrow thoracic cavity and low midline stomach and gallbladder is the
    asthenic
  32. which of the following positions will provide an AP projection of the L5-S1 interspace?
    patient AP with 30- to 35-degree angle cephalad
  33. which of the following positions will most effectively move the gallbladder away from the vertebrae in an asthenic patient?
    LAO
  34. the ileocecal valve normally is located in which of the following body regions?
    right iliac
  35. an intrathecal injection is associated with which of the following examinations?
    Myelogram
  36. in which of the following positions/projections will the talocalcaneal joint be visualized?
    plantodorsal projection of the os calcis
  37. all of the following positions are likely to be employed for both single- and double-contrast examinations of the large bowel except
    right and left lateral decubitus abdomen
  38. with the patient in the PA position and OML and CR perpendicular to the IR, the resulting radiograph will demonstrate the petrous pyramids
    completely within the orbits
  39. which of the following barium-filled anatomic structures is best demonstrated in the LPO position?
    hepatic flexure
  40. what is the position of the stomach in a hypersthenic patient?
    high and horizontal
  41. in the anterior oblique position of the cervical spine, the structures best seen are the
    intervertebral foramina nearest the IR
  42. with which of the following does the trapezium articulate?
    first metacarpal
  43. tracheotomy is an effective technique used to restore breathing when there is
    respiratory pathway obstruction above the larynx
  44. for the average patient, the CR for a lateral projection of a barium-filled stomach should enter
    midway between the midcoronal line and the anterior abdominal surface
  45. which of the following positions is obtained with the patient lying supine on the radiographic table with the CR directed horizontally to the iliac crest?
    dorsal decubitus position
  46. in which of the following projections is the talofibular joint best demonstrated?
    medial oblique
  47. free air in the abdominal cavity is best demonstrated in which of the following positions?
    AP projection, left lateral decubitus position
  48. which of the following sequences correctly describes the path of blood flow as it leaves the left ventricle?
    arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins
  49. which of the following projections of the elbow should demonstrate the radial head free of ulnar superimposition?
    Lateral oblique
  50. with the patient PA, the MSP centered to the grid, the OML forming a 37-degree angle with the IR, and the CR perpendicular and exiting the acanthion, which of the following is best demonstrated?
    facial bones
  51. the inhalation of liquid or solid particles in the nose, throat, or lungs is referred to as
    aspiration
  52. correct preparation for a patient scheduled for an upper gastrointestinal (GI) series is most likely to be
    NPO after midnight
  53. which of the following projections will best demonstrate the tarsal navicular free of superimposition?
    AP oblique, medial rotation
  54. which of the following radiologic procedures requires that a contrast medium be injected into the renal pelvis via a catheter placed within the ureter?
    Retrograde urography
  55. which of the following will best demonstrate the size and shape if the liver and kidneys?
    AP abdomen
  56. the AP axial projection, or "frog leg" position, of the femoral neck places the patient in a supine position with the affected thigh
    abducted 40 degrees from the vertical
  57. in myelography, the contrast medium generally is injected into the
    subarachnoid space between the third and fourth lumbar vertebrae
  58. which type of articulation is evaluated in arthrography?
    diarthrodial
  59. the laryngeal prominence is formed by the
    thyroid cartilage
  60. standard radiographic protocols may be reduced to include two views, at right angles to each other, in which of the following situations?
    emergency and trauma radiography
  61. following the ingestion of a fatty meal, what hormone is secreted by the duodenal mucosa to stimulate contraction of the gallbladder?
    cholecystokinin
  62. which of the following projections is most likely to demonstrate the carpal pisiform free of superimposition?
    AP (medial) oblique
  63. which of the following is a major cause of bowel obstruction in children?
    intussusception
  64. which of the following is a functional study used to demonstrate the degree of AP motion present in the cervical spine?
    flexion and extension laterals
  65. if a patient's zygomatic arch has been traumatically depressed or the patient has flat cheekbones, the arch maybe demonstrated by modifying the SMV projection and rotating the patient's head
    15 degrees toward the side being examined
  66. in the lateral projection of the nasal bones, the CR is directed
    3/4 inch posterior to the glabella
  67. which of the following positions will best demonstrate the right apophyseal articulations of the lumbar vertebrae?
    RPO
  68. which of the following positions will separate the radial head, neck, and tuberosity from superimposition on the ulna?
    lateral oblique
  69. which of the following sinus groups is demonstrated with the patient positioned as for a parietoacanthal projection (Waters method) with the CR directed through the patient's open mouth?
    sphenoidal
  70. below-diaphragm ribs are better demonstrated when
    the patient is in the recumbent position
  71. which of the following positions is essential in radiography of the paranasal sinuses?
    erect
  72. which of the following equipment is necessary for ERCP?
    1. a fluoroscopic unit with imaging device and tilt-table capabilities
    2. a fiberoptic endoscope
    3. polyethylene catheters
    1,2, and 3
  73. a patient unable to extend his or her arm is seated at the end of the x-ray table, elbow flexed 90 degrees. the CR is directed 45 degrees medially. which of the following structures will be demonstrated best?
    1. radial head
    2. capitulum
    3. coronoid process
    1 and 2 only
  74. which of the following is demonstrated in a 25-degree RPO position with the CR entering 1 inch medial to the elevated ASIS?
    left sacroiliac joint

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