the coronoid process should be visualized in profile in which of the following procedures?
medial oblique elbow
the male bony pelvis differs from the female bony pelvis in which of the following way(s)?
the female pubic arch is greater than 90*
the male ilium is more vertical
which of the following structures is (are) located in the right upper quadrant (RUQ)?
during an upper gastrointestinal (GI) examination, a stomach of average shape demonstrates a barium-filled fundus and double contrast of the pylorus and duodenal bulb. the position used is most likely
A frontal view of the sternum is best accomplished in which of the following positions?
what is the name of the condition that results in the forward slipping of one vertebra in the on below it?
how should a chest examination to rule out air-fluid levels be obtained on a patient having traumatic injuries?
include a lateral chest examination performed in dorsal decubitus position
which of the following positions is most likely to place the right kidney parallel to the IR?
in which of the following tangential axial projections of the patella is complete relaxation of the quadriceps femoris required for an accurate diagnosis?
supine flexion 45 degrees (Merchant)
which of the following projections can be used to supplement the traditional "open-mouth" projection when the portion of the odontoid process cannot be well demonstrated?
AP or PA through the foramen magnum
the floor of the cranium includes all of the following bones except
the occipital bone
which of the following positions can be used to demonstrate the axillary ribs of the right thorax?
in which projection of the foot are the interspaces between the first and second cuneiforms best demonstrated?
Lateral oblique foot
the sternal angle is at approximately the same level as the
which of the following structures is (are) located in the right upper quadrant (RUQ)?
which of the following projections of the ankle would best demonstrate the mortise?
Medial oblique 15 to 20*
which of the following bony landmarks is in the same transverse plane as the symphysis pubis?
prominence of the greater trochanter
with the patient in the PA position, which of the following tube angle and direction combinations is correct for an axial projection of the clavicle?
15 to 30 degrees caudad
what portion of the humerus articulates with the ulna to help form the elbow joint?
during myelography, contrast medium is introduced into the
the lumbar transverse process is represented by what part of the "scotty dog" seen in a correctly positioned oblique lumbar spine?
Aspiration foreign bodies in older children and adults are most likely to lodge in the
right main stem bronchus
with the patient seated at the end of the x-ray table, elbow flexed 80 degrees, and the CR directed 45 degrees laterally from the shoulder to the elbow joint, which of the following structures will be demonstrated best?
the secondary center of ossification in long bones is the
medial displacement of a tibial fracture would be best demonstrated in the
the lumbar lamina is represented by what part of the "scotty dog" seen in a correctly positioned oblique lumbar spine view?
which of the following positions would best demonstrate the proximal tibiofibular articulation?
45-degree internal rotation
at what level do the carotid arteries bifurcate?
during double-contrast BE, which of the following positions would afford the best double-contrast visualization of the lateral wall of the descending colon and the medial wall of the ascending colon?
right lateral decubitus
the term used to describe expectoration of blood from the bronchi is
the body habitus characterized by a long and narrow thoracic cavity and low midline stomach and gallbladder is the
which of the following positions will provide an AP projection of the L5-S1 interspace?
patient AP with 30- to 35-degree angle cephalad
which of the following positions will most effectively move the gallbladder away from the vertebrae in an asthenic patient?
the ileocecal valve normally is located in which of the following body regions?
an intrathecal injection is associated with which of the following examinations?
in which of the following positions/projections will the talocalcaneal joint be visualized?
plantodorsal projection of the os calcis
all of the following positions are likely to be employed for both single- and double-contrast examinations of the large bowel except
right and left lateral decubitus abdomen
with the patient in the PA position and OML and CR perpendicular to the IR, the resulting radiograph will demonstrate the petrous pyramids
completely within the orbits
which of the following barium-filled anatomic structures is best demonstrated in the LPO position?
what is the position of the stomach in a hypersthenic patient?
high and horizontal
in the anterior oblique position of the cervical spine, the structures best seen are the
intervertebral foramina nearest the IR
with which of the following does the trapezium articulate?
tracheotomy is an effective technique used to restore breathing when there is
respiratory pathway obstruction above the larynx
for the average patient, the CR for a lateral projection of a barium-filled stomach should enter
midway between the midcoronal line and the anterior abdominal surface
which of the following positions is obtained with the patient lying supine on the radiographic table with the CR directed horizontally to the iliac crest?
dorsal decubitus position
in which of the following projections is the talofibular joint best demonstrated?
free air in the abdominal cavity is best demonstrated in which of the following positions?
AP projection, left lateral decubitus position
which of the following sequences correctly describes the path of blood flow as it leaves the left ventricle?
arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins
which of the following projections of the elbow should demonstrate the radial head free of ulnar superimposition?
with the patient PA, the MSP centered to the grid, the OML forming a 37-degree angle with the IR, and the CR perpendicular and exiting the acanthion, which of the following is best demonstrated?
the inhalation of liquid or solid particles in the nose, throat, or lungs is referred to as
correct preparation for a patient scheduled for an upper gastrointestinal (GI) series is most likely to be
NPO after midnight
which of the following projections will best demonstrate the tarsal navicular free of superimposition?
AP oblique, medial rotation
which of the following radiologic procedures requires that a contrast medium be injected into the renal pelvis via a catheter placed within the ureter?
which of the following will best demonstrate the size and shape if the liver and kidneys?
the AP axial projection, or "frog leg" position, of the femoral neck places the patient in a supine position with the affected thigh
abducted 40 degrees from the vertical
in myelography, the contrast medium generally is injected into the
subarachnoid space between the third and fourth lumbar vertebrae
which type of articulation is evaluated in arthrography?
the laryngeal prominence is formed by the
standard radiographic protocols may be reduced to include two views, at right angles to each other, in which of the following situations?
emergency and trauma radiography
following the ingestion of a fatty meal, what hormone is secreted by the duodenal mucosa to stimulate contraction of the gallbladder?
which of the following projections is most likely to demonstrate the carpal pisiform free of superimposition?
AP (medial) oblique
which of the following is a major cause of bowel obstruction in children?
which of the following is a functional study used to demonstrate the degree of AP motion present in the cervical spine?
flexion and extension laterals
if a patient's zygomatic arch has been traumatically depressed or the patient has flat cheekbones, the arch maybe demonstrated by modifying the SMV projection and rotating the patient's head
15 degrees toward the side being examined
in the lateral projection of the nasal bones, the CR is directed
3/4 inch posterior to the glabella
which of the following positions will best demonstrate the right apophyseal articulations of the lumbar vertebrae?
which of the following positions will separate the radial head, neck, and tuberosity from superimposition on the ulna?
which of the following sinus groups is demonstrated with the patient positioned as for a parietoacanthal projection (Waters method) with the CR directed through the patient's open mouth?
below-diaphragm ribs are better demonstrated when
the patient is in the recumbent position
which of the following positions is essential in radiography of the paranasal sinuses?
which of the following equipment is necessary for ERCP?
1. a fluoroscopic unit with imaging device and tilt-table capabilities
2. a fiberoptic endoscope
3. polyethylene catheters
1,2, and 3
a patient unable to extend his or her arm is seated at the end of the x-ray table, elbow flexed 90 degrees. the CR is directed 45 degrees medially. which of the following structures will be demonstrated best?
1. radial head
3. coronoid process
1 and 2 only
which of the following is demonstrated in a 25-degree RPO position with the CR entering 1 inch medial to the elevated ASIS?