Anatomy Study Questions Chapter 14
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Male brains are typically______ compared to female brains.
What lies between the cerebrum and the brain stem?
The cerebellum and pons develop from the:
As you ascend from the medulla oblongata to the cerebrum, the functions of each successive level become:
The thin partition that separates the first and second ventricles is the:
What structure is covered by many blood vessels and adheres tightly to the surface of the brain?
is secreted by ependymal cells
Ependymal cells work to:
- - adjust the composition of CSF
- - surround the capillaries of the choroid plexus
- - remove waste products from CSF
- - secrete CSF into the ventricles
The layer of the meninges that closely follows every gyrus and sulcus is the:
The medulla oblongata regulates:
blood pressure and respiration
The cardiovascular reflexes are based in the:
Overseeing the postural muscles of the body and making rapid adjustments to maintain balance and equilibrium are functions of the:
The cerebellar hemispheres are separated by a band of cortex called the:
The presence of many large, highly-branched Purkinje cells in a sample of brian tissue indicates that it cam from the:
The medulla oblongata relays auditory information to the:
Nerve fiber bundles on the ventrolateral surface of the mesencephalon are the:
The reflex movement of the head toward a loud noise is directed by the mesencephalon. Which nuclei accomplish this?
Which structure connects the left and right cerebral hemispheres?
What structure secrets the hormone melatonin?
What are properties of the mamillary bodies?
- - located in posterior hypothalamus
- - shaped like little breasts
- - control reflex eating movements
- - process olfactory information
What are the functions of the hypothalamus?
- - secretes oxytocin
- - produces ADH
- - regulates body temperature
- - controls autonomic centers
The anterior nuclei of the thalamus:
are part of the limbic system
The posterior nuclei of the thalamus include:
lateral and medial geniculate nuclei
What is the function of the thalamus?
process sensory information and relay it to the cerebrum
The _____ filters and relays sensory information to the cerebral cortex.
What are properties of the limbic system?
- - functions in emotions, learning, and memory
- - located between the border of the cerebrum and diencephalon
- - contains cerebral and diencephalic components
- - links conscious functions of the cerebral cortex with unconscious functions of the brain
Divisions of the cerebral hemispheres that are named after the overlying skull bones are:
The regions of the cerebral cortex superior to the lateral sulcus is/are the:
parietal and frontal lobes
The surface of the postcentral gyrus contains the _____ cortex.
Difficulties in estimating temporal relationships between events may stem from damage to:
the prefrontal cortex
Gustatory information reaches the brain by way of:
cranial nerve IX
The cranial nerve that innervate the eye muscles are:
III, IV, and VI
Which sensations does the vestibulocochlear nerve carry?
hearing and equilibrium
At the optic chiasm:
axons from the nasal halves of each retina cross
The tympanic reflex:
restricts the movement of auditory ossicles
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