Roots of Life: Chapter 2 Section 3: Viruses, Bacteria and Your Health

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lcayward
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227944
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Roots of Life: Chapter 2 Section 3: Viruses, Bacteria and Your Health
Updated:
2013-07-23 13:45:21
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Roots Life Chapter Section Viruses Bacteria Your Health
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vocabulary
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  1. WHAT ARE INFECTIOUS DISEASES?
    illnesses that can spread from one organism to another
  2. HOW DO INFECTIOUS DISEASES SPREAD?
    contact with an infected person, contaminated object, infected animal, or an environmental source
  3. WHAT IS DIRECT CONTACT?
    touching, hugging, or kissing an infected person
  4. WHAT IS INDIRECT CONTACT?
    inhaling drops of moisture that an infected person sneezes or coughs into the air (flu/cold)
  5. WHAT TYPE OF OBJECTS CAN SPREAD DISEASE?
    eating utensils, cup, food
  6. GIVE EXAMPLES OF WAYS INFECTIOUS DISEASES ARE SPREAD THROUGH CONTACT WITH INFECTED ANIMALS
    bites (rabies from raccoons, lyme from ticks, encephalitis from mosquito)
  7. WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF ENVIRONMENTAL SOURCES THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE SPREAD OF THE DISEASE?
    food, soil, water 

    (poultry, eggs and meat can give you food poisoning)
  8. TOXIN
    poison

    example: deadly disease called tetanus that people get in open wounds
  9. ANTIBIOTICS
    medicine used to cure BACTERIAL diseases

    a chemical that can kill bacteria without harming a person's cells
  10. HOW ARE ANTIBIOTICS MADE?
    naturally by some bacteria and fungi and in factories
  11. WHY ARE ANTIBIOTICS LESS EFFECTIVE TODAY THAN THEY ONCE WERE?
    because some bacteria have become resistant to it
  12. NAME SOME COMMON BACTERIAL DISEASES
    lyme disease, tetanus, strep throat, food poisoning, tuberculosis
  13. THERE ARE CURRENTLY NO MEDICATIONS TO CURE. . .
    viral diseases
  14. WHAT CAN RELIEVE THE SYMPTOMS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS?
    over the counter (OTC) medications
  15. NAME SOME COMMON VIRAL INFECTIONS
    influenza (flu), hepatitus, chickenpox, AIDS
  16. WHAT IS THE BEST TREATMENT FOR A VIRAL INFECTION?
    bed rest, liquids, well balanced meals
  17. WHAT CAN HELP PREVENT THE SPREAD OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES?
    vaccine
  18. VACCINE
    a substance introduced into the body to stimulate the production of chemicals that destroy specific viruses or bacteria (made from dead or altered viruses)
  19. A VACCINATION PUTS THE BODY ON. . .
    ALERT
  20. WHAT ARE SOME COMMON VACCINATIONS?
    chicken pox, polio, measles, tetanus
  21. LIST WAYS TO PREVENT INFECTIOUS DISEASE
    • 1 vaccine
    • 2 eat nutritious foods
    • 3 good sleep
    • 4 fluids
    • 5 keep kitchen clean
    • 6 exercise
    • 7 washing hands
    • 8 store food properly
    • 9 cook meats well

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