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WHAT ARE INFECTIOUS DISEASES?
illnesses that can spread from one organism to another
HOW DO INFECTIOUS DISEASES SPREAD?
contact with an infected person, contaminated object, infected animal, or an environmental source
WHAT IS DIRECT CONTACT?
touching, hugging, or kissing an infected person
WHAT IS INDIRECT CONTACT?
inhaling drops of moisture that an infected person sneezes or coughs into the air (flu/cold)
WHAT TYPE OF OBJECTS CAN SPREAD DISEASE?
eating utensils, cup, food
GIVE EXAMPLES OF WAYS INFECTIOUS DISEASES ARE SPREAD THROUGH CONTACT WITH INFECTED ANIMALS
bites (rabies from raccoons, lyme from ticks, encephalitis from mosquito)
WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF ENVIRONMENTAL SOURCES THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE SPREAD OF THE DISEASE?
food, soil, water
(poultry, eggs and meat can give you food poisoning)
example: deadly disease called tetanus that people get in open wounds
medicine used to cure BACTERIAL diseases
a chemical that can kill bacteria without harming a person's cells
HOW ARE ANTIBIOTICS MADE?
naturally by some bacteria and fungi and in factories
WHY ARE ANTIBIOTICS LESS EFFECTIVE TODAY THAN THEY ONCE WERE?
because some bacteria have become resistant to it
NAME SOME COMMON BACTERIAL DISEASES
lyme disease, tetanus, strep throat, food poisoning, tuberculosis
THERE ARE CURRENTLY NO MEDICATIONS TO CURE. . .
WHAT CAN RELIEVE THE SYMPTOMS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS?
over the counter (OTC) medications
NAME SOME COMMON VIRAL INFECTIONS
influenza (flu), hepatitus, chickenpox, AIDS
WHAT IS THE BEST TREATMENT FOR A VIRAL INFECTION?
bed rest, liquids, well balanced meals
WHAT CAN HELP PREVENT THE SPREAD OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES?
a substance introduced into the body to stimulate the production of chemicals that destroy specific viruses or bacteria (made from dead or altered viruses)
A VACCINATION PUTS THE BODY ON. . .
WHAT ARE SOME COMMON VACCINATIONS?
chicken pox, polio, measles, tetanus
LIST WAYS TO PREVENT INFECTIOUS DISEASE
- 1 vaccine
- 2 eat nutritious foods
- 3 good sleep
- 4 fluids
- 5 keep kitchen clean
- 6 exercise
- 7 washing hands
- 8 store food properly
- 9 cook meats well