Final Chapter 26 Urinary

Card Set Information

Author:
issacgoboom
ID:
227958
Filename:
Final Chapter 26 Urinary
Updated:
2013-07-23 17:00:58
Tags:
ayazlol
Folders:

Description:
ayazlol
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user issacgoboom on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Urinary system functions
    • fluid waster elimination
    • secretion of wastes
    • control blood volume and BP
    • control blood pH
    • electrolyte levels
    • RBC levelss
    • hormone production
  2. Erythropoiesis
    RBC level control of the urinary system
  3. Hormone made in the urinary system...
    • renin
    • raises blood pressure
  4. Retroperitoneal
    posterior to peritoneum
  5. Kidney location
    • retroperitoneal
    • posterior to peritoneum
  6. hilum
    medial side of kidney attachment
  7. what is attached near the hilum
    • renal artery and vein
    • ureters
  8. Kidney surrounding tissue (deep to superficial)
    • renal capsule
    • adipose capsule
    • renal fascia
  9. Renal capsule
    • dense irregular c.t
    • on surface of kidney
  10. adipose capsule
    • perirenal fat
    • around kidney
  11. renal fascia
    • connective tissue around kidney
    • most superficial
  12. Gross kidney anatomy
    • renal cortex
    • renal medulla
    • renal sinus
  13. parts of the renal medulla
    • renal pyramids
    • papilla
    • renal columns
  14. renal pyramids
    each section of renal medulla
  15. papilla
    apex of each pyramid
  16. renal columns
    between pyramids
  17. parts of the renal sinus
    • minor calyx
    • major calyx
    • renal pelvis
  18. minor calyx
    collects urine from one pyramid
  19. major calyx
    connects minor calyx
  20. renal pelvis
    connects all major calyx to ureter
  21. renal arteries and veins
    go into kidneys
  22. segmental a. and veins
    part of renal circulation
  23. interlobar a. and veins
    between pyramids
  24. arcuate a and veins
    top of pyramids
  25. cortical radiate a. and v.
    into renal cortex
  26. nephron
    functional unit of kidney
  27. Collecting duct
    collects urine from multiple neprhons
  28. nephron
    produces urine, filters blood, makes hormones etc.
  29. filtrate
    • into nephron
    • fluid being processed in nephron
    • glomerular capsule to collecting duct
  30. urine
    • out of nephron
    • final product
    • after reabsorption, secretions, concentration
  31. filtrate become urine out of....
    minor calyx
  32. renal corpuscle
    • glomerulus
    • glomerular capsule
  33. glomerulus
    • capillary netrowrk
    • simple squamous epithelium
  34. glomerular capsule aka
    Bowman's capsule
  35. glomerulus tissue
    fenestrated simple squamous
  36. renal tubules
    • proximal convoluted tubule
    • loop of henle
    • distal convoluted tubule
  37. loop of Henle
    nephron loop
  38. Glomerulus
    capillary bed
  39. afferent arteriole
    • at nephron
    • wider than efferent
  40. efferent arteriole
    • from nephron
    • thinner than efferent
  41. Bowman's capsule layers
    • parietal layer
    • visceral layer
  42. podocytes
    • in visceral layer Bowman's capsule
    • simple squamous on capillary surface of glomerulus
  43. Filtration membrane
    capillary endothelum + podocyte
  44. PCT
    proximal convoluted tubule
  45. PCT tissue
    • simple cuboidal + microvilli
    • lots of mitochondria
  46. Loop of Henle parts
    • descending limb
    • ascending limb
  47. descending limb
    • loop of Henle
    • thick segment
    • thin segment
  48. thick segment loop of Henle tissue
    s. cuboidal
  49. thin segment loop of Henle tissue
    s. squamous
  50. DCT
    distal convoluted tubule
  51. DCT tissue
    simple cuboidal
  52. Collecting ducts tissue
    simple cuboidal epithelium
  53. Collecting ducts types
    • cortical collecting duct
    • medullary collecting duct
    • paipllary ducts
  54. papillary ducts
    • joined collecting ducts
    • empty into minor calyx
  55. Glomerular filtration occurs in....
    renal corpuscle
  56. tubular reabsorption occurs
    PCT
  57. tubular secretion occurs in...
    PCT
  58. Blood volume control occurs in
    • DCT
    • collecting ducts
  59. tubular reabsorption
    filtrate - blood
  60. tubular secretion
    blood - filtrate
  61. cortical nephrons
    • 85% of all nephrons
    • mostly in cortex
    • short loop of Henle
  62. Juxtamedullary nephrons
    • renal corpuscle near medulla
    • long loop of Henle
  63. nephron blood vessels
    • glomerulus
    • afferent arteriole
    • efferent arteriole
    • peritubular capillaries
    • vasa recta
  64. afferent arteriole
    branch of cortical radiate a.
  65. peritubular capillaries
    • branch from efferent arteriole
    • in cortex
    • surround convoluted tubules
  66. vasa recta
    • branch from efferent arteriole
    • surround loop of Henle and collecting ducts
  67. blood returns from nephron through...
    cortical radiate v.
  68. Juxtaglomerular apparatus
    • area next to glomerulus and afferent arteriole
    • produces renin
    • regulates blood pressure, filtration rate
  69. Juxtaglomerular cells aka
    granular cells
  70. macula densa cells
    • tall cells of ascending loop of Henle
    • monitors filtrate
  71. path of urine
    • nephron
    • collecting duct
    • minor calyx
    • major calyx
    • renal pelvis
    • ureter
    • urinary bladder
    • urethra
    • toilet
  72. transitional epithelium is found in
    • minor calyx
    • major calyx
    • renal pelivis
    • ureter
    • urinary bladder
    • that shit stretches yo
  73. ureters can do..
    peristalsis
  74. peristalsis
    smooth muscle contraction
  75. ureters
    • continuation of renal pelvis
    • connect to urinary bladder
    • have 3 layers
  76. layers of ureter
    • mucosa
    • muscularis ¬†(smooth muscle)
    • adventitia (connective tissue)
  77. urinary bladder function
    store urine
  78. urinary bladder muscle
    • detrusor ¬†muscle
    • smooth muscle
  79. trigone
    • urinary bladder
    • area between 3 openings
    • 2 ureters
    • 1 urethra
  80. urethra
    bladder to environment
  81. urethra parts
    • internal urethral sphincter
    • external urethral sphincter
    • external urethral orifice
  82. internal urethral sphincter
    • near bladder
    • involuntary smooth muscle
  83. external urethral sphincter
    voluntary skeletal muscle
  84. males have
    • prostatic urethra
    • membranous urethra
    • spongy (penile) urethra
  85. prostatic urethra
    thru prostate
  86. membraneous urethra
    prostate to penis
  87. spongy urethra
    through penis

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview