Lab Exam

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Author:
cheyennevarela
ID:
227970
Filename:
Lab Exam
Updated:
2013-07-24 14:17:36
Tags:
pig
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Description:
functions cells and hormones
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  1. Kidneys
    • remove metabolic wastes from the blood
    • simple cuboidal epithelium - secretes and reabsorbs water
    • ADH
    • erthropoietin
    • renin
  2. uterus
    Hormone - oxytocin
  3. mammory glands
    • stratified columnar epithelial
    • prolactin PRL
    • oxytocin OT
  4. Skin
    MSH
  5. ovaries
    • located distal to the uterine horns, posterior to the kidneys
    • estrogen and progesterone
    • FS LH
  6. testies
    • FSH LH
    • produce sperm and testosterone
  7. thyroid
    • Hormones: TSH T4 T3 CT
    • influences metabolic rates
    • influences growth and development
  8. adrenal glands
    aldosterone, cortisol
  9. Pancreas
    • Hormones: insulin, glucagon, somatostain
    • secrete digestive enzymes and other hormones in capillaries
  10. esophagus
    stratified squamous epithelium
  11. Lungs
    simple squamous epithelium - permits exchange of nutrients, wastes, and gases
  12. small intestine
    • simple columnar epithelium and villi - absorbs nutrients and produces mucus
    • digestion and absorption takes place
    • duodenum, jejunum, ileum
  13. Trachea
    • pseudostratfied ciliated columnar epithelium
    • epiglottis covers this when swallowing
  14. liver
    • synthesizes bile, plasma protiens, lipids, and cholestrol
    • recycles blood
    • detoxifies
  15. spleen
    • removes and destroys RBC
    • synthesizes antibodies
    • removes antibody labeled bacteria from circulation
  16. gall bladder
    stores bile
  17. large intestine
    • absorb water for compaction of feces
    • 3 main regions: ascending descending and caecum to rectum
  18. stomach
    secrete pepsinogen and hydrochloric acid gastrin
  19. caecum
    • small bind-ended sac
    • beginning of large intestine
    • help break down cellulose
    • also known as the appendix
  20. prostate gland
    • produces milky¬†alkaline substance
    • neutralize the acidic environment o the vagina
  21. bulbourethral glands
    lubricating fluid that is full of mucus
  22. seminal vesicles
    release fructose to provide energy for the sperm
  23. pinna
    pig ear
  24. vibrissae
    small hairs on chin
  25. nares
    nose
  26. papillae
    • fringle-like on tongue
    • contain taste buds
  27. urogenital opening
    small opening just above the anus
  28. umbilical cord
    • contain two umbilical artries, umbilical vein and the allantoic duct
    • placenta is attached to this cord
    • receives oxygen and removes waste products
  29. hard plate
    upper portion of the mouth
  30. soft plate
    • back towards the pharynx
    • where the nasopharynx leads to the nasal cavity
  31. oropharynx
    where food and air combine
  32. nasopharynx
    nasal cavity
  33. larynopharynx
    just above the larynx (stratified columnar)
  34. cystic duct
    where the gallbladder is connected to the liver
  35. common bile duct
    cystic duct and hepatic duct combined
  36. esophageal sphincter
    regulates the passage of food from the esophagus into the stomach
  37. pyloric sphincter
    regulates the passage of food from the stomach into the small intestine
  38. pancreatic duct
    pancreas is connected to the upper part of the small intestine
  39. ureter
    delivers urine from the kidney to the allantoic bladder (becomes the urinary bladder)
  40. mesentery
    small intestine is connected by this thin membrane
  41. uterine horns
    where fetus develops
  42. epididymis
    • provide a place for sperm to mature and storage of sperm
    • (stratified columnar - secrete mucus)

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