Glossary of (Anatomical/Medical) Nomenclature

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sdespins
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228047
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Glossary of (Anatomical/Medical) Nomenclature
Updated:
2013-07-24 10:25:59
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Glossary of (Anatomical/Medical) Nomenclature
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  1. Ampulla
    [L]

    for"full" + "vase"-- a flask-like expansion or sac, acomponent part of a larger tube
  2. Anulus
    • [L]
    • for"little ring"-- a band or enveloping tissue/ligament
  3. Antrum
    • [L]
    • for"cave"-- the cavity of a hollow organ or sinus
  4. Arcuate
    • [L]
    • for"arch-shaped"
  5. Brevis
    [L]

    for"short"-- always used as a comparison to "Longus"
  6. Caput
    [L]

    for"head"
  7. Cauda
    [L]

    for"tail"
  8. Cervix
    [L]

    for"neck"
  9. Collateral
    [L]

    for"together" + "side" -- referring to a secondary or accessary structure, not the main one
  10. Coronary
    [L]

    for"pertaining to wreath" or the heart-- anything that encircles another structure
  11. Corpus
    [L]

    for "body"
  12. Crista
    [L]

    for"crest"
  13. Cruciate
    [L]

    for"pertaining to a cross", crossing
  14. Crus
    [L]

    for"leg"-- any structure having a process resembling this portion of the lower limb
  15. Fornix
    [L]

    for "cellar" or "vault"
  16. Gastro
    [G]

    for"stomach"
  17. Genu
    • [L]
    • for "knee" or "bend"
  18. Helix
    [G]

    for "coil"
  19. Hiatus
    [L]

    for "gap" opening
  20. Hilum
    [L]

    for "attachment of a seed"-- referring to the point of entry for blood vessels into an organ
  21. Hypo
    [G]

    for "under"
  22. Hypothenar
    [G]

    the group of muscles of the little finger in the hand
  23. Longus
    [L]

    for "long"; the superlative form in "longissimus" the "longest"
  24. Magnus
    [L]

    for "great", large
  25. Meatus
    [L]

    for "passage"
  26. Papilla
    [L]

    for "nipple" bump (on a tissue)
  27. Para
    [G]

    for "beside"
  28. Peri
    [G]

    for "surrounding"
  29. Petro
    [L]

    for "rocky"
  30. Phren
    [G]

    for "diaphragm"
  31. Rectus
    [L]

    for "straight"
  32. Retro
    [L]

    for "behind"
  33. Sulcus
    [L]

    for "groove"
  34. Supra-
    [L]

    for "above"
  35. Syn-
    [G]

    for "together"
  36. Teres
    [L]

    for "round" (i.e. "cylindrical") also, "smooth"
  37. Thenar:
    [G]

    for "hand", group of thumb muscles in the hand, compare with "hypothenar"
  38. Trochlea
    [L]

    for "pulley"
  39. Tunica
    [L]

    for "covering" or "coat"
  40. Vario
    [L]

    for "dilation of a vein"
  41. Vas
    [L]

    for a "vessel" or "dish"
  42. Vermis
    [L]

    for "worm"

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