- The patient can use uninjured side for referencing pain, lack of motion, or the mechanism of injury.
Provides a reference for symmetry and color of the supericial tissues.
Provides a reference for the comparison of bilateral symmetry of bones, alighnment, tissue temp, or other deformity as well as the presence of increased tendernes.
ROM Testing -
Provides a reference for ROM, strength, and painfu arcs.
Ligamentous and capsular test -
Provides a refernce for end-feel, relative laxity, and pain.
Special Tests -
Provides a refernce for pathology of individual ligaments, and joint capsules, and musculotendinous units and the body's organs.
- Neurologic Tests - Provides a reference for bilateral sensory, reflex, and motor function.