Final Ch27 Reproductive

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issacgoboom
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228073
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Final Ch27 Reproductive
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2013-07-24 18:01:06
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  1. DNA
    genetic code
  2. gametes
    • ovum
    • sperm
    • carry dna
  3. primary sex organs
    • gonads
    • produce sex cells 
    • produce hormones
    • ovaries
    • testes
  4. accessory sex organs
    get the gametes together
  5. chromosome
    • DNA + protein
    • 1 molecule of DNA
    • 1000 genes
  6. humans have ____ chromosomes
    • haploid 23
    • diploid 46
  7. 1 diploid cell divides into
    • 2 diploid cells
    • identical daughter cells
    • this is how tissue grows
    • increase # of cells
  8. Meiosis
    1 diploid cell > 4 different haploid cells
  9. ______ provides genetic variety
    Meiosis
  10. Meisosis cell divisions
    • meiosis I
    • meiosis II
  11. spermatogenesis
    • male making sperm
    • meiosis
  12. oogenesis
    • female making ovum
    • meiosis
  13. spermatogonia
    stem cells
  14. primary spermatocyte
    start meiosis I
  15. secondary spermatocyte
    start meiosis II
  16. spermatids
    after meiosis II
  17. spermatozoa
    devloped glagella
  18. spermatogenesis occurs in...
    seminiferous tubules
  19. sperm maturation occurs in....
    epididymis
  20. Testes produce
    • sperm 
    • hormones
  21. seminiferous tubules
    produce sperm
  22. rete testis
    • collects sperm
    • posterior
  23. sustanacular cells
    support cells inside seminiferous tubules
  24. interstitial cells
    produce testosterone
  25. tunica albuginea
    fibrous capsule of testis
  26. tunica vaginalis
    • serous lining of scrotum
    • came from abdominal peritoneum
  27. scrotum
    • contains testes
    • skin and connective tissues
  28. sperm require _____ C to deelop
    34
  29. cremaster muscles
    pulls testis closer
  30. dartos muscle
    wrinkles skin to retain heat
  31. panpiniform plexus
    network of veins to keep testes warm
  32. Sperm anatomy
    • head
    • midpiece
    • flagellum
  33. sperm head anatomy
    • nucleus
    • acrosome
  34. nucleus contains...
    dna
  35. acrosome
    • part of sperm head
    • hydrolytic enzymes
  36. midpiece anatomy
    • mitochnodria
    • glucose, ATP, water
  37. flagellum
    tail of sperm
  38. path of sperm
    • testes - seminiferous tubules
    • rete testis
    • epididymis
    • ductus deferens
    • ejaculatory duct
    • prostatic urethra
    • spongy urethra
  39. during vasectomy
    ductus deferens gets removed
  40. sperm maturation
    • takes 20 days
    • flagella becomes active
    • acrosome enzymes form
  41. sperm storage
    few months
  42. epididymis muscle
    smooth muscle
  43. ductus deferens
    • aka vas deferens
    • transport sperm during ejaculation
    • extends from epididymis to ejaculatory duct
  44. ductus deferens histology
    • pseudostratified columnar epithelium
    • thic muscularis layer
  45. muscle movement of ductus deferens
    peristalsis
  46. spermatic cord anatomy
    ductus deferens + testicular vessels and nerves
  47. seminal vesicles
    • aka seminal gland
    • 2 vesicles
    • posterior wall of bladder
    • produce seminal fluid
  48. seminal fluid
    • 60% of semen
    • fructose, nutrients
    • immunosupressive
  49. muscles of seminal vesicles
    smooth muscle
  50. seminal vesicles empty into
    ejaculatory duct
  51. prostate gland
    • inferior to bladder
    • produce secretions
    • ejaculatory duct
    • prostatic urethra
  52. prostate gland secretions
    • aid sperm motility (movement)
    • PSA
  53. PSA
    prostate-specific antigen
  54. penis anatomy
    • spongy urethra
    • corpus spongiosum
    • corpus cavernosum
    • bulbospongiosus muscle
    • glans penis
    • prepuce
  55. erectile bodies
    • corpus spongiosum
    • corpus cavernosum
    • c.t + smooth muscle
    • vascular network
  56. corpus spongiosum
    • erectile body
    • contains urethra
  57. corpus cavernosum
    • 2 corpora cavernosa
    • erectile body
  58. bulbospongiosus muscle
    surround corpora in corpus cavernosum
  59. glans penis
    sensory epithelium
  60. prepuce
    foreskin
  61. oogonia
    stem cells of oogenesis
  62. primary oocytes
    meiosis I
  63. secondary oocyte
    • meiosis II
    • ovulation
  64. ovum
    • gamete
    • haploid
  65. polar bodies
    cytoplasm from meiosis divisions
  66. primordial follicle
    • part of deeloping ovum
    • before meiosis
  67. primary follicle
    resume meiosis
  68. parts of primary follicle
    • primary oocyte
    • granulosa cells
    • zona pellucida
    • theca folliculi
  69. granulosa cells
    • make estrogen 
    • in primary follicle
  70. zona pellucida
    • wall surrounding oocyte
    • in primary follicle
  71. theca folliculi
    c.t that holds together the entire follicle
  72. oogenesis occurs
    before birth
  73. secondary follicle
    • secondary oocyte + zona pellucida
    • granulosa cells
    • antrum
    • graafian follicle
    • corona radiata
  74. ovum
    gamete that isn't in ovary
  75. graafian
    tertiary follicle
  76. Ovulation
    release of secondary oocyte from ovary
  77. corpus luteum
    • remaining follicle after ovulation
    • produces progesterone
  78. corpus albicans
    • fibrosed corpus luteum
    • occurs if no pregnancy
  79. if inseminated corpus luteum will work for....
    3 months
  80. Ovary
    • produces ovum
    • hormones
  81. ocarian cortex
    • outer 
    • developing oocytes
    • follicles
  82. ovarian medulla
    • inner
    • blood vessels and c.t
  83. tunica albuginea
    fibrous capsule
  84. ovary attachments
    • broad ligament
    • suspensory ligament
    • ovarian ligament
  85. broad ligament
    ovary to uterus
  86. suspensory ligament
    ovary to pelvic wall
  87. ovarian ligament
    ovary to uterus
  88. fallopian tubes
    uterine tubes
  89. oviducts
    fallopian tubes
  90. fallopian tubes anatomy
    • infundibulum
    • fimbriae
    • ampulla
    • isthmus
    • ciliated epithelium
    • smooth muscle
    • broad ligament
  91. mesosalpinx
    • broad ligament
    • fallopian tubes to uterus
  92. infundibulum
    opend end at ovary
  93. fimbriae
    projections over ovary
  94. ampulla
    long portion
  95. isthmus
    connect to uterus
  96. uterine tube tissue
    ciliated epithelium
  97. fallopian tubes
    • smooth muscle
    • peristalsis
  98. uterus anatomy
    • fundus
    • body
    • cervix
    • uterine supports
  99. fundus
    upper part of uterus
  100. main part of uterus
    body of uterus
  101. cervix
    neck, extends into vagina
  102. cervix anatomy
    • internal os
    • external os
    • cervical canal
  103. internal os
    • part of cervic
    • opening to uterus
  104. external os
    • opening to vagina
    • part of cervix
  105. cervical canal
    part of cervix
  106. uterine supports
    • broad ligament
    • round ligt of uterus
  107. mesometrium
    • broad ligt
    • uterus to pelvic wall
  108. round ligt of uterus
    uterus to anterior body wall
  109. Uterine wall
    • perimetrium
    • myometrium
    • endometrium
  110. perimetrium
    outer serous layer of uterine wall
  111. myometrium
    smooth muscle of uterine wall
  112. endometrium
    mucosa lining
  113. endometrium anatomy
    • stratum basalis
    • stratum functionalis
  114. stratum basalis
    • basal layer 
    • uterine wall
    • always present
    • forms functional layer
  115. stratum functionalis
    • functional layer
    • uterine wall
    • formed each cycle
    • lost during menses
    • site of implantation
    • future placenta
  116. loos of functional layer
    • mensturial phase 
    • day 1-5
  117. growth of functional layer
    • proliferative phase
    • secretory phase
  118. proliferative phase
    • day 5-14
    • growth of functional layer
  119. secretory phase
    • day 15-28
    • growth of functional layer
  120. vagina
    birth canal
  121. vagina tissue
    st. squamous epith + smooth muscle
  122. fornix
    area of vagina aroudn cervix
  123. hymen
    mucosa covering vaginal orifice
  124. greater vestibular glands
    part of vagina
  125. Batholin's
    greater vestibular glands
  126. external genitalia
    vulva
  127. external genitalia anatomy
    • mons pubis
    • labia majora
    • labia minora
    • vestibule
    • clitoris
    • fourchette
  128. mons pubis
    fat pad on pubic bone
  129. labia majora
    large, outer skin folds
  130. labia minora
    inner skin folds
  131. vestibule
    area between labia minora
  132. clitoris
    sensory, erectile tissue
  133. fourchette
    corner of labia
  134. breast tissue
    modified sweat glands
  135. alveolar glands
    • mammary glands
    • produce milk
    • develop during pregnancy
  136. lactiferous sinus
    stores milk
  137. lactiferous ducts
    from gland to nipple
  138. breast tissue is mostly
    adipose
  139. suspensory ligaments
    • Cooper's ligaments
    • in breast tissue
  140. Menopause
    • end of ovulation and menstrual cycles
    • gradual decline of ovary receptors for hormones
    • gradual decline of estrogen
  141. menopause ovary receptors lost for...
    • follicle stimulating hormone
    • lutenizing hormones
  142. ovulation ceases
    age 46 - 54

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