Anthropology Test #3

Card Set Information

Anthropology Test #3
2013-07-24 21:01:06
Anthro science test blah

Final test for Anthro 1
Show Answers:

  1. Phenotypes
    • The chemical or physical results of the genetic
    • code
  2. African Replacement Model
    The hypothesis that homo sapiens evolved recently as separate species in Africa and then spread to replace more archaic populations
  3. demography
    Study of human populations
  4. endogamy
    restricting marriage to members of the same culturally defined group
  5. exogamy
    marrying outside of the same culturally defined group
  6. Eve hypothesis
    the hypothesis that modern humans have a common female ancestor who lived in Africa around 200,000 years ago
  7. folk taxonomies
    cultural classifications of important items and ideas
  8. gender
    the cultural categories and characteristics of men and women
  9. sex
    the biological categories and characteristics of males and females
  10. genetic drift
    population experiences a decrease in variation and population size by chance due to bottleneck or founders effect
  11. gene flow
    a process of evolution that involves the exchange of genes among populations through interbreeding
  12. genotype
    the alleles possessed by an organism
  13. hand axe
    a bifacial, all purpose stone tool, shaped like an axe head
  14. Hijars
    physiological males who have feminine gender identity, adopt feminine gender roles, and wear women's clothing
  15. Law of Parsimony
    Explain a thing must not be multiplied beyond necessity, and hence the simplest of several hypotheses is always the best in accounting for unexplained facts.
  16. Levallois Techinique
    A tool technology involving striking uniform flakes from a prepared core.
  17. Mousterian Technique
    a tool making tradition associated with european neadertals
  18. mtDNA(Mitochondrial DNA)
    The genetic material found in the cell's mitochondria rather than in the cell's nucleus.
  19. Multiregional Evolution Model
    homo sapiens is about 2 million years old and that modern human traits evolved in geographically diverse locations and then spread through the species
  20. Nucleotide Polymorphism
    A single base pair of the genetic code that displays variable expression among individuals
  21. Oldowan
    tool making tradition from africa associated with early homo
  22. Paleolithic
    prehistoric period of human history distinguished by the development of the most primitive stone tools
  23. AIDS
    • *Cross over from chimpanzees to humans
    • *Contaminated meat
    • *evolved more drug resistant,virulent, hard to detect
  24. Vitamin D
    *Synthesize in lower layers of skin activated by UV Radiation

    • *Regulates the absorption of calcium and makes bone
    • *helps immune system
  25. Evidence of fire
    500,000 years China Cave called Zhoukoudian
  26. Homo Habilis
    • *2.3mya
    • *Africa
    • *680 Brain Size
    • *Scavenger
    • *Tool makers(Stone Tools)
    • *Change diet because of enviroment
    • *Scavenger, handy man
  27. Homo Antecessor
    • *2-1 mya
    • *Spain
    • *Ancestor to H. Heidelbergensis
  28. Homo Erectus/Ergaster
    • *1.8 mya
    • *Africa and Asia
    • *800 ml brain size
    • *Tools (Archeulian Technique)
    •       (Hand Axe) 
    • *Social
    •      (Fire)(Care for each other) 
    • *Travel
    •     Migrated from Africa
  29. Homo Heidelbergensis
    • *Europe
    • *1,300 brain size
    • *Tools(Lavallous Technique)
    •      (Hand Axe)(Spears)
    • *Common Ancestor to humans
    • *475,000 mya
  30. IQ Test
    measure particular knowledge and abilities that are largely learned through one's culture

    Usually are affected by socioeconomic factors
  31. Neandertals
    • *Europe
    • *175,000 years ago
    • *1,500 brain size
    • *Tool makers (Mousterian Technique)
    • *Burials
    • *Meat diet
    • *Could speak
    •      (Used Symbolic Language)
  32. Lumping
    Support a single genus
  33. Splitting
    Two genra
  34. Sagittal Keel
    a sloping of the sides of the skull toward the top
  35. Postorital contstriction
    a narrowing of the skull behind the eyes
  36. Pleistocene
    The geological time period from 1.6 mya to 100,000 years ago characterized by glaciers