Study Guide 1

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Study Guide 1
2013-07-25 02:15:30

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  1. Which drug enters the CNS rapidly without difficulty crossing the blood brain barrier?
  2. Where the simplest reflexes are meditated?
    Spinal Cord
  3. What is the meningeal layer that adheres to the surface contour of the brain?
    Pia Mater
  4. What is the name tract of the white matter that connects the hippocampus with the hypothalamus?
    A –Fornix
  5. What is the smooth surface that covers the brain, but does not follow the underlying neural convulsions and /or sulci?
    Arachnoid Mater
  6. How are the functions of CNS as you ascend from the medulla oblongata to the cerebrum?
  7. What is the cranial reflex that is often used to test the sensory function of the trigeminal nerve?
  8. What is the name of a fold Dura mater that projects between the hemispheres?
    Falx Cerebi
  9. What is the nerve that innervates the voluntary swallowing muscles?
    Spinal Accessory nerve
  10. Diffusion across the arachnoid villi returns CFS to which circulation?
    Venous Circulation (sinus)
  11. Function limbic system?
    Establishing emotional states, linking the conscious, intellectual fuctions of the cerebral cortex with the unconscious and automic functions of the brain stem, facilitating memory storage and retrival and related behavioral drives. It is known as the motivational system.
  12. Function of the nuclear gracilis
    Relay somatic sensory information to the thalamus
  13. How is the internal capsule of cerebrum is composed?
    It is composed of projection fibers , which is a small region that is tightly packed with axons. The internal capsule connects the cortex with the thalamus and with the spinal cord
  14. Which of the nerves when is damage could result in death?
    C-10 Vagus
  15. What is an important aspect of ANS?
    It is the part of the nervous system of vertebrates that controls involuntary actions of the smooth muscles, heart and glands.  It makes routine homeostatic adjustments in physiological system. It works without interference of the conscious mind.  (Increase and decrease daily activity)
  16. Functions of ANS?
    Coordinates cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive functions.It adjusts internal body fluids without interference of the conscious mind. (Control all the daily activity – they are interconnect)
  17. What are the visceral reflexes?
    Is an automatic motor response that can be modified, facilitated or inhibited by higher centers, especially those of the hypothalamus? (Internal organs - vomiting, arousal, ejaculation, swallowing, coughing etc..)
  18. In which cranial nerve we cannot find preganglionic fibers of parasympathetic neurons?
    Hypoglossal C-12
  19. What is the state of unconsciousness in which an individual cannot respond to stimuli?
  20. Where is the center of the reticular activating system located?
    Back of the head (Mid brain - Mesencephalon)
  21. 75% of all parasympathetic outflow travels through which nerve?
    Vagus nerve
  22. What is the other name for cranial division?
    Parasympathetic Division part of autonomic system. It is also called the craniosacral division because the preganglionic neurons occur in the brainstem and sacral regions.
  23. Beta-blockers drugs are used to treat which pathology?
    High blood pressure or hypertension
  24. What are the brain waves that are characteristics in children and frustrated adults?
    Theta- appear in normal adults during sleep; but, are mostly observed and in intensely frustrated adults
  25. Which organs are innervated by the celiac ganglions?
    Stomach, Spleen, Liver, & Pancreas (digestive system)
  26. By which structure are the upper and lower eyelids connected?
    medial and lateral canthus
  27. The taste bud is monitored by which nerve?
    C 5 & 12  Facial & Hypoglossal