Praxis II Multiple Subjects Test Language arts

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Praxis II Multiple Subjects Test Language arts
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2013-07-27 10:07:41
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Praxis II multiple subjects test Language arts
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  1. What is a noun?
    Person, place, thing
  2. What is Metacognition?
    Thinking about your own learning which includes

    • - Awareness of prior knowledge
    • - Planning and prioritizing
    • - Reflection of what works and what doesn't
  3. Deductive Reasoning
    Using the facts to come to a specific conclusion. The process of elimination.
  4. In Liturature what is a Rounded Character
    A Character with a complex personality. Most often found in longer stories.
  5. In literature what is a dynamic character?
    Characters that change or grow during the course of the narrative.  They may learn important lessons, fall in love, or take new paths.
  6. What is a Adjective?
    A word that modifies or describes a noun or pronoun.
  7. What is Inductive Reasoning?
    Using particulars to draw a general conclusion.  Inferential reasoning.
  8. What is a Narrative Theme?
    The Theme is the central idea of a work.  It is not the subject of a work, but what the work says about the subject.
  9. What is a Flat Character?
    displays only a few personality traits largely based upon stereotypes.

    • Example:
    • The town drunk in a western
  10. What is a Adverb?
    It modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
  11. What is a Static Character?
    A character that remain the same through out the story.
  12. What is a fable?
    A tale giving human traits to plants, animals, and forces of nature and usually teaches a lesson.
  13. What is a Tall Tale?
    A story where human abilities are exaggerated.

    • Example:
    • Paul Bunion
    • Pecos Bill
  14. One of the language developmental theories is Linguistic Approach.  Please define this term.
    This theory was put about by Chomsky who said that language is an innate thing.  We are biologically wired to communicate with each other.
  15. One of the language developmental theories is Sociocognitive Approach.  Please define this term.
    Language is a process if interaction with other people.  Which explains why disadvantaged children communicate at a much lower level then their peers.
  16. What are  Invalid Arguments?
    False arguments that are used unethically to gain advantage.

    • Examples:
    • -Smear campaigns
    • - Hasty generalizations
    • - Faulty conclusions
  17. What is Personification?
    Giving human traits to inanimate objects.

    • Example:
    • "It's blowing hard'" the Tree said.
  18. What is a Fairy Tale?
    A story that has been told through time such as "Sleeping Beauty", "Cinderella", "Puss and Boots."
  19. One of the language developmental theories is Learning Approach.  Please define this term.
    People learn thru imitating speech of adults and solidifies this learning thru drills and structured lessons ate school.
  20. One of the language developmental theories is the Cognitive Approach.  Please define this term.
    Piaget observed that children must develop cognitively before they can acquire language.
  21. What is a Topic Sentence?
    The main topic of the sentence.  All other sentences support this main sentence.
  22. What is Phonological Awareness?
    The ability to perceive sound structures in a spoken word, such as syllables and the individual phonemes within syllables.
  23. How do you teach Philological Awareness?
    • - Clap out the sounds of words
    • - Practice blended phonemes
    • - Reading pones, songs
    • - Reading patterned predictable texts
    • - Listening to and follow directions
    • - Playing games
    • -Grouping objects that begin with a sound
  24. What is a Secondary Source?
    Anything that is not a primary source.

    • Example:
    • News artical
    • History
    • encyclopedias
    • commentaries 
  25. What is the Tone of a literary work?
    The attitude of the writing.

    • Example:
    • - Serious
    • - Sarcastic
    • - Critical
    • - Surprised
  26. Define Point of View.
    The perspective of which a story is told.
  27. What is a Primary Source?
    Information that comes directly from the source.

    • Example:
    • Interviews
    • Journals
    • Autobiographies
  28. What is the role of emotions in poetry?
    Poetry is a way of expressing emotion and trying to let the reader know how a person is felling.
  29. Define Prose.
    This is language that is spoken in normal fashion. This is not verse or poems.
  30. Define Poetry.
    Manipulation of language with respect to meaning, meter sound, and rhythm.
  31. Define Fiction.
    A story written in the prose that is about characters that do not exist and are figments of the writers imagination.
  32. What is non-fiction.
    A literary in the prose that is a true story about actual events and people.
  33. What is Style in literature?
    The manner in which a writer uses the language through the following elements:

    • - Diction
    • - Sentence structure
    • - Figurative Language
    • - Sounds and rhythms
    • -Creative punctuation
  34. What is Brainstorming?
    Involves letting thoughts make every connection possible, and then spinning off ideas and making notes of them as they are generated.
  35. What is Clustering / Mapping?
    Writing the general word or phrase related to the topic in the middle of the paper and circling it then quickly jotting down related words or phrases.
  36. Free Writing
    Writing what ever comes to mind about the topics that came from the brainstorming list without regards to spelling, punctuation, of grammar rules. 
  37. What is Malapropism?
    This is confusing one word with another, similar-sounding word.
  38. In grammar what is a Object?
    A word or phrase that receives the action of the verb.

    Example:

    • (subject)    (verb)   (object)
    •   Tom       studies  grammar.
  39. Subject-verb agrement
    The verb and the subject must agree in number.

    • Example:
    • I do
    • He does
    • The ball is
    • the balls are
  40. What is a simple sentence?
    A single independent clause with one subject and one predicate
  41. When do you use Capital letters?
    • - At the beginning of a sentence
    • - When using the personal pronoun I
    • - Days of the week, or months
    • - States and Countries
    • - Names
    • - Religious terms
  42. What is Syntax?
    The rules related to properly structuring sentences.
  43. What is a Compound sentence?
    A sentence composed of two independent clauses joined by a conjunction, a correlative conjunction, or a semicolon.
  44. Define an Illistrative Paragraph or Essay.
    a paragraph or essay that explains a general statement through the use of specific examples.
  45. Define Bathos
    An attempt to evoke pity, sorrow, or nobility that goes overboard and becomes ridiculous.
  46. What is a Euphemism?
    A cover-up word to avoid explicit meaning of an offensive or unpleasant term by substitution a vaguer image.

    Example:

    • Grandma passed on
    • my flippin' socks
  47. What is a Imperative Sentence?
    Gives direction or command and ends with a period.
  48. Define Irony?
    Refers to the difference between what is and what ought to be, or between what is said and what is meant.  Irony can also be an unexpected result ion literature, such as a twist of fate. For example, it is ironic that the tortoise beat the hare.
  49. What is a Interrogative Sentence?
    A sentence that is asking a question and ends with a question mark. 
  50. What is Hyperbole?
    A phrase that exaggerates for effect.

    • Example:
    • "I thought I would die."
  51. What is an Oxymoron?
    Refers to two terms that are used tofeather for contradictory effect, usually in the form of an adjective that doesn't fit the noun.

    • Example:
    • A new classic
    • Military Intelligence
  52. What is Parallelism?
    Balanced sentence structure.

    • Example:
    • The killer behaved coldly, cruelly, and inexplicably. 
  53. What is a Declarative Sentence?
    A sentence the declares something and ends in a period.
  54. What is a Descriptive Paragraph or Essay?
    This type of writing appeals to the five senses to describe a person, place or thing so that the reader can see it in their imaginations.
  55. What is a Preposition?
    A word that links a noun or pronoun to other parts of a sentence.

    • Example:
    • - above
    • - by
    • - for
    • - in
    • - out
    • - thought
    • - to 
  56. What is a Prepositional phrase?
    The combination of a perposition and a noun or pronoun.

    • Example:
    • - across the bridge
    • - against the grain
    • - below the horizon
    • - toward the sunset
  57. What is a Pronoun?
    Functions like a noun in a sentence.

    • Example:
    • - I
    • - she
    • - he
    • - it
    • - myself
    • - they
    • - these
    • - what
  58. What is a Sentence?
    A group of words that express a complete thought or idea. Each sentence must have at least one noun and one verb.
  59. What is a Correlative Conjunction?
    Conjunctions are pared terms used to link clauses.

    • Example:
    • - either / or
  60. What is a Subordinating conjunction?
    Relate subordinating or dependent clauses to independent clauses.
  61. What is a Gerund?
    A verb that takes the form of a noun usually ending in "ing".

    Example:

    Walking is god exercise.
  62. What is an Infinitive?
    Verbal form comprised of the word "to" followed by the root form of a verb.  An infinitive may be used as a noun, adjective, adverb, or a absolute.
  63. What is a Narrative Paragraph or Essay?
    A narrative tells a story.  Like a news report, it tells the who, what, when, and where of a event.
  64. What is a Process Paragraph Essay?
    • There are two types:
    • How-to essay gives a step-by-step directions on how to do something.
    • the other type gives a explanation about why and how an event occurred.
  65. What is a Compare, Contrast Paper?
    A paper that examines the likenesses and differences of two items or events.
  66. What is a Cause and Effect Paper?
    A paper that examines the effect and their direct causes.

    • Example:
    • What started World War II
  67. In the writing process Explain what happens during the Drafting Stage.
    During the drafting stage you get your thoughts down on paper.
  68. In the writing process Explain what happens during the Revising Stage.
    In this stage major changes are made to the draft in regards to clarity of purpose, focus, audience, organization, and content
  69. In the writing process Explain what happens during the Editing Stage.
    The process of making changes in style, word choice, and arrangement.
  70. In the writing process Explain what happens during the Proofreading Stage.
    The final correcting stage where errors in punctuation, spelling, grammar, and usage. The writer also can look for parts of the paper that can be omitted.
  71. What is a Classification Paper?
    A paper that sorts information into groups to be classified.
  72. What is a Verb?
    Tells action or state of being
  73. What is a Complex Sentence?
    One independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses joined by a subordinating conjunction.

    • Example:
    • Before we set the table, we should replace the tablecloth.
  74. What is a Period?
    A punctuation mark that is places at the end of a sentence.
  75. What is the Alphabetic Principle?
    Letters represent sound when placed in combinations they make words.
  76. Define  Simile
    Comparison between tow unlike things using the words "like or "as".
  77. What is a Metaphor?
    The direct comparison between two unlike things without the use of "like" or "as"
  78. What are Context Clues?
    Clues within the text that can help in understanding a word.
  79. What is a Adjectival Suffix?
    When adding "full" to Care you get carefull
  80. What is a Verb Suffix?
    add "en" to Soft and Get Soften
  81. What is a Noun Suffix?
    • The act of, or quality of
    • Argument is the act of arguing.

    the one who acts

    the auctioneer is the one who auctions
  82. How can a teacher promote language skills?
    • - Modeling usage
    • - Questions and examples
    • - Providing ample response time
    • - Ask for classifications
    • - Promote children conversations
  83. Define Literacy
    The ability to read, write, speak, and communicate

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