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A soft tissue injury that occurs when a muscle or tendon is excessively stretched?
Excessive stretching of one or more ligaments that usually results from twisting movements during sports?
Treatment for Sprain/Strain?
fluid filled sacs that cushion tendons during movement to prevent friction between bone and tendon
inflammation of the bursae
What can cause bursitis?
- sleeping wrong
- repetitive movement
Symptoms of bursitis?
- achy pain
- burning pain
With any inflammatory disorder what are the nursing interventions?
- Administer NSAIDS and or steroids
- relieve pain and inflammation
When assessing patients, what do they usually express their illness as ?
In terms of function
break in the bones
Sign and symptom of a fracture?
Bone is splintered or shattered into numerous fragments, often as crushing injuries.
one of the most common fractures
If there is a suspected fracture, what should you do?
Splint it as it lies, do not try to move it
True or False: A cast only offers full protection if it is completely dry?
- Elevate casted limb for 24 - 48 hours
- apply ice to reduce swelling
- neuro checks
This type of traction does not promote bone alignment or healing but instead is used for relief of muscle spasms
Bucks traction is indicated for which type of patients?
Patients with hip fractures
True or false: When a patient is in traction, the weights are allowed to touch the floor, be removed or lifted?
false: while a patient is in traction weights should never touch the floor nor be removed or lifted
Open reduction with internal fixation?
the bone ends are realigned by direct visualization through a surgical incision.
Nursing Care for patient after a ORIF?
- Impaired physical mobility
- used when bone damage is severe
- after fracture is reduced, the MD inserts pins into the bone.
- the pins are held in place by an external metal frame to prevent bone movement
Nursing Care for patient with external fixator?
- Risk for infection -- pin care
- impaired physical mobility
- disturbed body image
Complications of fractures:
- Neurovascular status
- acute compartment syndrome
- fat embolism
Pressure in one or more limb compartment increases, causing massive circulation impairment to the area
Acute compartment syndrome
What can cause acute compartment syndrome
What is the sign of acute compartment syndrome.
Severe pain not relieved by pain medsq
Signs and symptoms of Fat embolism?
- altered mental status
- low arterial O2
- tachycardia, tachypnea
- high blood pressure
- Measleslike rash on upper body
Nursing interventions for a patient with Fat emboli?
- 1. Supplemental O2
- 2. Patient in high fowlers
- 3. maintain bedrest
Important mineral to prevent blood loss?
If calcium levels fall below normal what happens?
Parathyroid gland, secretes parathyroid hormone to stimulate bone to release calcium into the blood
Synthetic thyroid hormone that is used to treat osteoporosis, by decreasing bone loss?
What would you like to do?
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