Card Set Information
how is an empyema diagnosed?
pH < 7.2 on pleural tap
what are the paraneoplastic syndromes associated with small cell lung cancer?
what are the paraneoplastic syndromes associated with squamous cell lung cancer?
PTHrP - hypercalcaemia
HPOA (pain in wrist)
what are the SE of beta 2 agonist
what are the SE of inhaled steroids
hoarse voice (dysphonia)
what are the SE of methylxanthines?
inc cAMP so seizure and arrhythmia
what are the SE of LT antagonists?
what are the SE of cromolyns
few and weak
who are cromolyns used in and why? give e.g.
1. prophylaxis for exercise induced asthma
2. children as no risk of growth suppression
how are methylxanthines administered?
how are LT antagonists administered?
what are the indications for LTOT?
1. PaO2 < 7.3
2. PaO2 < 8.0 and cor pulmonale
3. FEV1 < 1.5L
4. patient stable
what are the drug causes of pulm fibrosis?
nitrofurantoin (for UTI, E.coli)
which part of the lung is commonly affected in idiopathic pulm fibrosis?
what are the causes of upper zone shadowing on CXR?
what are the causes of lower zone shadowing on CXR?
idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis