Medical Terms for beginners
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- Abortion is the termination of pregnancy by the
- removal fetus.
a wound consisting of superficial damage to the skin.
movement of a body away from the median plane
movement of a body towards from the median plane.
Anemia - meaning lack of blood, is a decrease in number of red blood cells (RBCs)
Angina - is chest pain,
general due to obstruction of spasm of the coronary arteries.
meaning in front, or more to the front, before or closer to the front
appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix
asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the airways,
causes airways of the lungs to swell and narrow, leading to wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and ccoughing
thicking of the artery wall due to a result of fatty material (such as cholesterol and tryglyceride)
pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of blood vessels, and is one of the principal vital signs.
infalmmation of one or more bursae(small sacs) of synovial fluid in body.
also called pink eye, inflammation of the conjunctiva, most commonly due to an infection or allergic reaction.
also called a bruise, is a type of hematoma of tissue.
coronary artery disease (CAD)
also known as atherosclerotic heart disease, is the narrowing of blockage of the coronary arteries.
abnormal sounds heard over the lungs with a stethoscope
, abnormal respiratory sound consisting of discontinuous bubbling noises heard on auscultation(internal sounds of the body) of the chest.
a crunching sensation felt in certain area, produced by the rubbing of parts one against the other.
respiratory condition that is usually triggered by an acute viral infection of the upper airway. Leads to swelling inside the throat.
is a closed sac, it may contain air, fluids or semi-solid material.
loss of memory, it reduces the ability to learn, reason, retain or recall past experience and there is also loss of patterns of thought, feelings and activities.
a state of sadness, low mood and aversion to activity.
a person has high blood sugar, either because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced.
abnormal separation and creates abnormal formation of a body part.
a point furthest from the point of attachment to the body. The most distant of 2 things.
Distortion Open wound Tenderness Swelling
- loose mass traveling inside the arteries which can clog the veins
- detached intravasular mass traveling inside arterial capillary beds which is capable of clogging arterial beds.
- vomiting, as throwing up.
chronic neurological disorders known as seizures.
inflammation(swelling) of the esophagus.
- involuntary movement of muscle.
- involuntary, muscular contraction,
break in the bone.
damage is caused to skin and other tissue due to freezing.
a deformity of the toe(proximal interphalangeal joint)
heart is unable to provide sufficient blood flow to the body
enlarged vein in the walls of the anus and sometime around the rectum.
inflammation of the liver.
protusion of an organ or the fascia of an organ through the wall of the cavity that normally contains it.
- highblood pressure.
- Heart work harder to circulate blood.
- top reading normal range 100-140 (systolic)
- bottom reading normal 60-90 (diastolic)
- highblood pressure in numbers are consistently over 140/90
is low blood pressure.
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