Medical Terms for beginners

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martinejg79
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228455
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Medical Terms for beginners
Updated:
2013-07-31 01:26:09
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Medical terms
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Medical terms
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  1. abortion
    • Abortion is the termination of pregnancy by the 
    • removal fetus.
  2. Abrasion
    Abrasion a wound consisting of superficial damage to the skin.  


      
  3. Abduction
    Abduction movement of a body away from the median plane  

         
  4. Adduction
    Adduction-movement of a body towards from the median plane.       


  5. Anemia
    Anemia - meaning lack of blood, is a decrease in number of red blood cells (RBCs)
  6. Angina
    Angina - is chest pain, general due to obstruction of spasm of the coronary arteries.

  7. anterior
    meaning in front, or more to the front, before or closer to the front
  8. Appendicitis
    appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix



      
  9. Asthma
    asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the airways, causes airways of the lungs to swell and narrow, leading to wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and ccoughing       


  10. Atherosclerosis
    thicking of the artery wall due to a result of fatty material (such as cholesterol and tryglyceride)


  11. blood pressure
    pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of blood vessels, and is one of the principal vital signs.
  12. bursitis ?
    infalmmation of one or more bursae(small sacs) of synovial fluid in body. 


  13. conjunctivitis
    also called pink eye, inflammation of the conjunctiva, most commonly due to an infection or allergic reaction. 

  14. contusion
    also called a bruise, is a type of hematoma of tissue. 

  15. coronary artery disease (CAD)
    also known as atherosclerotic heart disease, is the narrowing of blockage of the coronary arteries. 

  16. crackle
    abnormal sounds heard over the lungs with a stethoscope, abnormal respiratory sound consisting of discontinuous bubbling noises heard on auscultation(internal sounds of the body) of the chest. 

  17. crepitation
    a crunching sensation felt in certain area, produced by the rubbing of parts one against the other.
  18. croup
    respiratory condition that is usually triggered by an acute viral infection of the upper airway. Leads to swelling inside the throat. 

  19. cyst
    is a closed sac, it may contain air, fluids or semi-solid material. 

  20. dementia
    loss of memory, it reduces the ability to learn, reason, retain or recall past experience and there is also loss of patterns of thought, feelings and activities.
  21. depression
    a state of sadness, low mood and aversion to activity. 

  22. diabetes mellitus
    a person has high blood sugar, either because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced.
  23. dislocation
    abnormal separation and creates abnormal formation of a body part. 

  24. distal
    a point furthest from the point of attachment to the body. The most distant of 2 things. 

  25. DOTS
    Distortion Open wound Tenderness Swelling
  26. embolus
    • loose mass traveling inside the arteries which can clog the veins
    • detached intravasular mass traveling inside arterial capillary beds  which is capable of clogging arterial beds. 

  27. emesis
    • vomiting, as throwing up.
  28. epilepsy
    chronic neurological disorders known as seizures.
  29. esophagitis
    inflammation(swelling) of the esophagus. 

  30. fibrillation
    • involuntary movement of muscle. 
    • involuntary, muscular contraction,
  31. fracture
    break in the bone. 


  32. frostbite
    damage is caused to skin and other tissue due to freezing. 

  33. hammertoe
    a deformity of the toe(proximal interphalangeal joint)

  34. heart failure
     heart is unable to provide sufficient blood flow to the body
  35. hemorrhoids
    enlarged vein in the walls of the anus and sometime around the rectum. 

  36. hepatitis
    inflammation of the liver.
  37. hernia
    protusion of an organ or the fascia of an organ through the wall of the cavity that normally contains it. 


  38. hypertension
    • highblood pressure. 
    • Heart work harder to circulate blood. 
    • top reading normal range 100-140 (systolic)
    • bottom reading normal 60-90 (diastolic) 
    • highblood pressure in numbers are consistently over 140/90

  39. hypotension
    is low blood pressure.

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