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The left bronchial arteries are usually two in number, and arise from the _______ aorta.
the right broncial artery, arises from the 1st _______ intercostal, or from the upper _______ broncial artery.
the _______ pleura innervated by intercostals & phrenic nerves. is it sensitive to pain?
the sternum bounds the the heart __________.
the SVC is the direct venous drainage of the ________ wall (A&M pg 67-68)
a thrombus/thrombi is another term for _______ _______
35.In relationship to blood vessels the term ________ refers to communications between multiple branches of arteries providing numerous detours for blood flow in case of obstruction, etc.
the importance of the anastomosis between the superior and inferior
epigastric blood vessels is that they both can supply the __________
region with blood
____________( of the nervous system) is normal function & energy conservation ________, part of the autonomic system comprises the preganglionic fibers that issue from the brain stem (cranial nerves III, VII, IX, X, XI) and sacral part of the spinal cord (segments S2,3 or S3,4
- cranial sacral
_________ is “fight or flight” or thoracolumbar, part of the autonomic system comprises the preganglionic fibers that issue from the _________ and upper lumbar levels of the spinal cord
_______ is the endocrine gland in the thorax
*are considered endocrine function due to special cells.*
37.Name the endocrine organ(s) that are found in the thorax, in the abdomen, and in the pelvis.
the*_________(gastrin), *__________(secretion), __________, _________ and, __________ are endocrine organs that are found in abdomen.
- pancreas -
the _______ and _________ are the endocrine glands in the pelvis
ovaries and testies
___________ is a band-like skin area supplied by the sensory fibers of a single dorsal root through the dorsal and ventral rami of its spinal nerve. ______ or more intercostal nerves in adjacent intercostals spaces must be damaged
__________ ________, ___________ , and _________ are the internal boundaries of the abdominal cavity
• Abdominal walls, diaphragm, and pelvis
anterior sheath is comprised of the aponeurosis of the _________ oblique and an _________ layer of the aponeurosis of __________ oblique
posterior sheath of the _________ layer of the _________ oblique and the aponeurosis of the transversus abdominis muscle.
movment of bowls and flexing the trunk and moving it side to side are all functions of the _________ __________ muscles
abdominal wall muscles
__________, _______ ________, and _________ are main muscles of the posterior abdominal wall
- • Psoas
- • Quadratus Lumborum
- • Iliacus
___________ _________ (t8)(the abdominal openings of the respiratory diaphragm )permits the IVC
caval opening (foreamen)
the abdominal openings of the respiratory diaphragm, the ________ _______ at T10, permits the ___________ and ________ trunk
- esophageal hiatus
- esophagus and vagal
the abdominal opening of the respiratory diaphragm, the _____ ________ at T12, permits the _______, and the _______ vein, etc.
contraction of the diaphram helps venous blood return in the _______ opening.
the ____________ hiatus acts as a esophgeal spincter during contraction