stress quiz 4

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utahrach
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228521
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stress quiz 4
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2013-07-29 15:51:30
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stress quiz 4
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  1. describe the learned response theory
    theory stating that when one associates a specific environment with something painful in that environment the two get linked together
  2. define what is meant by a "healing environment"
    the surrounding in which one is supported and nurtured, in whihc one feels calm, and in which health and well- being are promoted
  3. chromotherapy
    a discipline that uses colors to treat individuals and pressures that go on for an extended time
  4. seasonal affective disorder
    a condition characterized by depression related to lack of light in seasons with short days
  5. heat effect
    the observed higher rates of aggression by people in hot environments compared to cooler environments
  6. aromatherapy
    therapeutic use of essential oils
  7. describe the natural effects of sun light
    • -increase protein metabolism
    • -lessen fatigue 
    • -stimulate white blood cell production 
    • -increase the release of endorphins 
    • -lower blood pressure 
    • -elevate mood 
    • -promote emotional well-being
  8. describe how smells in the air, noise, and temperature can affect stress levels
    smells= smell is analyzed in the limbic part of the brain which is associated with emotions therefore it can effect on we feel. can greatly help lower stress

    noise= negatively affects human health and well-being, it can raise bp and heart rate, and muscle tension

    temperature= hot temperature= increase stress
  9. fung shui
    ancient chinese study of the natural environment based on the belief that physical and emotional well-being is strongly influenced by the immediate environment.
  10. ergonomics
    the study of individual workers and the tasks they perform, for the purpose of designing appropriate and safe living and working environments
  11. explain the health and stress-relieving benefits of a balanced exercise program and which is the best type of exercise
    • -improves mood
    • -reduces you anxiety 
    • -increasing energy 
    • -gets rid of excess body fat 
    • -increase confidence 

    best exercise= any exercise that you enjoy
  12. identify and describe the components of physical fitness
    cardiorespiratory= heart, lungs, and vessels. repetitive movements= swimming, jogging, biking 

    muscle fitness= muscle strength and endurance= weight lifting 

    flexibility= ability of joint to move freely through a full range of motion. = relive stress induced muscle tension 

    body composition= makeup of the body in terms of fat tissue in relation to lean body tissue
  13. explain the relationship between diet and stress
    body gets energy from carbs, fats and proteins. during stress the body draws upon all 3 of the energy fuels. a varied and balanced diet provides the foundation for healthy nutrition, stress places some additional nutritional demands on the body
  14. explain the purpose of dietary guidelines for americans
    provides science based advice to promote health and reduce the risk of major chronic diseases through diet and physical activity
  15. glycemic index
    is a measure of foods and how quickly they convert into blood sugar
  16. identify the foods to include in you rdiet and those foods to limit or avoid in your diet.
    include= fruits, veggies, legumes, whole grains, water

    avoid= caffeine, trans fatty acids, soft drinks
  17. describe what happens when excess glucose is taken in the bloodstream
    it is stored or turned into fat
  18. identify and describe the three factors that help explain the role stress plays in contributing to obesity
    eating to cope

    unused glucose= when the body calls upon the fight or flight response it draws glucose from stored glycogen and fat

    cortisol connection=activation of the stress response results in massive secretion of stress hormone
  19. what are the main jobs of cortisol
    • stores fat in arteries
    • store energy 
  20. runaway eating
    the consistent use of food and food- related behaviors such as purging or exercising excessively to deal with unpleasant feelings and the sense that theses feelings are out of control
  21. 3 types of eating disorders
    anorexia= not eating and excessive weight loss 

    bulimia= secretive cycle of binge eating and then purging 

    binge eating= eating a lot and not purging
  22. intuitive eating
    being smart about what you eat
  23. princeton study on sleep and stress
    results showed that adults who sleep 6 or fewer hours each night are significantly more likely than those who get more sleep to feel great stress every day by contrast only 14% of adults who sleep 7 to 8 hours each night feel stress daily
  24. explain the unhealthy coping strategies and the negative effects of cigarettes, alcohol, and drugs
    tobacco= effects of nicotine mimic the those of stress response 

    alcohol= way of coping, or acceptance 

    drugs= mask stress symptoms
  25. identify the percentage of americans who follow the four key healthy principles in their lifestyle
    3%
  26. how much more likely an individual who is highly stressed will smoke
    15 time more likely to be a smoker than a person with low stress

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