The tampering or contamination of a product or substance.
A harmful or undesired side effect resulting from the use of medication.
Needing oxygen to survive.
Method to find the amount of each ingredient needed to make a mixture of a given quantity or concentration.
A small sealed vial which is used to contain and preserve a drug, usually a liquid commonly made of glass; abbreviated amp.
The ability to survive without oxygen.
The study of the structures of the body.
A substance that has the ability to destroy or interfere with the development of a living organism.
An old English system of weight and volume measures.
Any software that is used by a facility in the administration of care.
The ten digits (0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8, and 9); the standard conventional numbers.
The large vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood.
American Association of Pharmacy Technicians (AAPT)
A nonprofit organization specifically for pharmacy technicians in the offering of CE, information, and networking opportunities with fellow pharmacy technicians nationwide; established 1979.
Average Wholesale Price (AWP)
Price used by pharmacy in the pricing of prescriptions to third party insurance companies; the AWp can be found in the Redbook.
An agent that kills microorganisms.
An agent that inhibits but does not kill microorganisms.
A liquid tissue that is responsible for life, growth, and health; it contains red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets suspended in blood plasma.
A drug that has an antibacterial spectrum against a wide variety of organisms.
Located between the gum and the skin of the cheek.
A solid dosage form in which the drug is enclosed within either a hard or soft soluble container or shell usually made of gelatin; abbreviated cap.
Found exclusively in the heart, it is responsible for pumping blood throughout the body.
A system of law based on judges' decisions and legal precedents.
The metric system prefix indicating one-hundredth.
The standard metric system temperature scale of 100 degrees, with 0 being the freezing point and 100 being the boiling point of water.
Central Nervous System
The part of the nervous system that contains the brain and spinal cord; it is responsible for controlling all nervous function.
A pharmacy that provides its services from one location.
Bacteria-free room used in the preparation of sterile products such as IV admixtures.
Code of Ethics
A set of standards and principles that guide professionals in their functions.
An expressed number of parts of a whole.
A system of law derived from the decision of judges rather than statute.
A substance made up of two or more elements.
A person whose normal defense system is impaired and who is more susceptible to disease.
The hardware and software utilized to administer healthcare in a specific setting.
The physical components of a computer system; includes the mouse, keyboard, and monitor.
Measure of how much of a given substance there is mixed with another substance; most frequently limited to homogeneous solutions, where it refers to the amount of solute in the solvent.
A system of law that binds parties to a set of agreements.
Any medication that has the potential for abuse or dependency liability, as defined by the Controlled Substances Act by 1972.
Topical preparation usually for application to the skin or to mucus, such as those of the rectum or vagina.
The body of law that defines criminal offenses against the public.
A measure of volume equal to a one cube centimeter on a side; often used in the pas interchangeably with milliliter, avoid using this unit because of the possibility of medication error.
Total amount of drug administered in a 24-hour period.
A pharmacy that has a main location from which it provides services, but also has services in the patient care areas.
A decimal number with a value less than one and greater than zero; there is a zero to the left of the decimal point (e.g., 0.25)
A numerator expressed in numerals with a decimal point placed to designate the value of the denominator, which is understood to be ten or a power of ten (100, 1,000, etc.)
Formulation used in tablets or capsules to delay release of the drug.
The part of a fraction that is below the fraction bar and that functions as the divisor of the numerator.
Agent used to increase the bulk weight or volume of a dosage form.
Process of making something less concentrated.
When a pharmacy purchases pharmaceutical supplies directly from the manufacturer.
Measured portion of medicine; also called dose.
The physical form of a dose of medication given for administration (for example, capsule, solution, cream).
The quantity of medication given to a patient as prescribed by a physician.
A group of medications that have the same mechanism of action or chemical properties used to treat a specific disease/diseases.
A group of medications with the same or similar characteristics.
Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)
A regulatory body that oversees the manufacturing and distribution of controlled substances; tt also focuses on major trafficking of illegal drugs.
Drug Utilization Review (DUR)
The process used by the retail pharmacy system to compare the existing treatment to a new treatment's compatibility.
A third party that purchases medications directly from the manufacturer and sells it to the pharmacy.
The escape of gas from an aqueous solution.
A sweet flavored liquid usually containing a small amount of alcohol and medication to be taken by mouth in order to mask an unpleasant taste; abbreviated elix.
A compound that facilitates the formation of an emulsion.
A suspension of small globules of one liquid in a second liquid with which the first will not mix; an emulsion may be oil-in-water or water-in-oil.
A collection of glands that secrete hormones which regulate the body's function.
The introduction of a liquid or form through the anus used for treatment or diagnosis.
A barrier applied to oral medications that controls the location in the digestive system where it is absorbed.
The study of values, morals, or morality, including concepts of good and evil, right and wrong.
An inactive substances used as a carrier for the active ingredients of a medication.
Used in pills, tablets, or capsules to dissolves slowly and release a drug over time.
The two outside terms in a proportion
Standard household system temperature scale.
A barrier applied to oral medication that facilitates swallowing and masks unpleasant tastes.
A needle that has a filter that will take out anything greater than five microns; used in the removal of ampule contents; also available area filter straws for the same purpose.
The amount of fluid that flows in a given time.
The measure of volume in the apothecary system equal to 28.57 mL.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Governmental regulatory agency whose purpose is to ensure safety and efficacy of all drugs currently on the market.
A list of drugs that can be ordered, stocked, and administered at a given facility; also a term used fro insurance companies as far as what medications they will pay for.
An expression of division; a number that is a portion or part of a whole (e.g., 2/3)
The intentional deceit to deprive another or his or her money, property, or rights.
Household measure of volume equal to eight pints.
System made up of the stomach and large intestines; it is responsible for absorbing nutrients into the body.
Jelly like material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough.
The document that keeps a record for all debits and credits of a business.
A general name given to a medication, which is not proprietary.
Standard unit of weight in the apothecary system; 1 grain (gr) is equal to 64.82 mg.
Standard unit of weight in the metic system; 1 gram (g) is equal to 1,000 mg.
Wetted powders allowed to dry and then ground into course pieces having a particle size larger than powders.
Made of cardiac muscle, this organ is responsible for pumping deoxygenated blood to the lungs and oxygenated blood to the rest of the body.
Filtration system used in laminar flow hoods to remove any particles less than 0.2 to 0.3 microns to ensure a steril (bacteria-free) work area.
Solvent containing water and alcohol.
Anything mixable with water.
Having an osmostic pressure greater than human plasma; greater than 0.9% NaCl
as soon as possible
twice a day
cubic centimeter (same as ml or milliliter)
Dispense as written
opthalmic (for the eye)
for the ear
not to exceed
every day or daily
every four years
four times a day
Every other day
quantity sufficient or to make
add quantity to make specific volume
under the tongue
at once or now
three times a day
Having an osmotic pressure less than human plasma; less than 0.9%.
A fraction in which the numerator is greater than or equal to the denominator.
The intended use of a medication; what it treats.
The introduction of a solution into a vein over a prolonger period of time.
Medication to be taken by drawing in of air (or other gases), as in breathing.
A device used for inhalation; MDI means metered does inhaler.
A method of putting liquid into the body, usually with a hollow needle and a syringe which is pierced through the skin to a sufficient depth for the material to be forced into the body.
Also known as the skin, it is responsible for protecting the internal structures from the external environment.
Standard amount of a drug required to produce a certain effect.
The number of times the entire inventory was purchased over a certain period of time, usually one year.
Term applied to two solutions with equal solute concentrations having the same or equal osmotic pressure; having an osmotic pressure equal to that of human plasma; equal to 0.9% NaCl.
Metric system prefix indicating one-thousand.
Laminar Flow Hood (LFH)
Hood used in the preparation of sterile products such as IV admixtures; two types: horizontal for general preparation and vertical for chemo drugs.
A rule of conduct or procedure established by custom, agreement, or authority.
A legal principle created by a court decision that provides an example for judges deciding similar issues in future cases.
Another name for a prescription drug.
Law that is enacted by legislative decisions; also known as statutory law.
Standard unit of volume in the metric system; 1 liter (L) is equal to 1,000 milliliters (mL).
A low-to-medium-viscosity, topical preparation intended for application to unbroken skin.
Lowest Common Denominator
The smallest whole number that can be divided evenly by al denominators of a series of fractions.
Solid dosage form intended to dissolve or disintegrate slowly in the mouth, usually in a flavored, sweetened base.
Professional misconduct or lack of knowledge which results in injury, death, or damage to a patient.
The difference between the cost of an item and the price for which it sells.
The two inside terms of proportion
Mechanism of Action (MOA)
How the medication affects the body or disease to cure or treat a condition.
A broad term that defines the potentially unsafe or unauthorized use of a medication on a patient.
Used in the inpatient setting to prescribe medications to a patient.
Standard system of measure used throughout most of the world and exclusively in the scientific community; most common system of measure in pharmacy.
Metric system prefix indicating one-millionth.
Metric system prefix indicating one-thousandth.
Fraudulent or misleading labeling or marketing.
A crime that is punishable by a fine or up to one year in jail.
A combination of a whole number and a proper fraction; the value of a mixed fraction is always greater than one.
National Association of the Boards of Pharmacy (NABP)
The professional association that helps to develop uniform standards for all states involved in the practice of pharmacy, with a focus on the protection of public health.
The amount left from the selling price after cost of operations and overhead have been deducted.
0.9% sodium chloride solution that is isotonic to body fluids; symbolized by NS; 0.9 g NaCl per 100 ml solution.
The expression written above the line in a common fraction and which functions as the dividend of the denominator.
Thick viscous preparation for application to the skin, often containing medication; abbreviated ung
Pertaining to the eye.
Relating to, affecting, or for use in the mouth or administration by way of the mouth.
A drug that is used to treat rare diseases, define by the FDA as fewer than 200,000 people in the United States.
Pertaining to the ear.
Measure of weight in the apothecary system equal to approximately 30 grams (g).
The female sex organs responsible for producing estrogen; these also contain the eggs which are released during the menstrual cycle.
The cost of doing business.
Avoiding the gastrointestinal tract.
Preparation for external application that is usually stiffer, less greasy, and more hydrophilic than ointments.
Subclass of lozenges that are softer and contain a high concentration of sugar or gelatin.
The study of diseases in the body.
A written or electronic file that contains al the patient's demographic information.
A fraction whose numerator is expressed and whose denominator is understood to be 100; symbolized by % in pharmacy, a percent is defined as grams of active drug/200 mL solution or g of base.
Markup expressed as a percent of cost.
A measure of the relative acidity or alkalinity of a solution or substances.
The study of the physiological changes that occur when a medication is introduced into the body.
The study of how a medication moves and changes throughout the body.
The study of the functions of the body.
Household measure of volume equal to 16 fluid ounces.
A plan of action that sets limits or boundary conditions around decisions that employees make.
Intimate mixtures of dry, finely divided drugs and/or inert ingredients intended for internal or external use.
A substance used to retard, minimize, or prevent growth of microorganisms.
A stepwise view of how to execute a specific task.
The result of multiplying two or more quantities together.
Standards that guide an individual in the profession.
A fraction in which the numerator is smaller than the denominator; the value of a proper fraction is always less than one.
The relationship between two equal ratios.
Protected Health Infromation
Any communications that can identify an individual or disclose information about the state of their health; abbreviated a PHI
Purchase Order (PO)
The document sent to a medication supplier which requests an order of medication be sent to the pharmacy.
A machine that dispenses medication as well as durable medical products; used today in many hospital institutions, pharmacies, and nursing units.
A household measure of volume equal to 32 fluid ounces.
An expression that compares two numbers by division; symbolized by a colon.
A measure of concentration that specifies a quantity of substance in grams contained in a specified volume of solution; for example, ratio strength of 1: 1,000 means 1 g dissolved in 1,000 mL of solution.
The preparation of a powder bottle/vial into a liquid formulation by adding necessary diluent (liquid).
Pertaining to the final straight portion of the large intestine.
Any pharmacy product that has been removed from its original packaging from the manufacturer and placed in new packaging by the pharmacy.
The organ system that contains the lungs, which is responsible for taking in oxygen and excreting carbon dioxide.
The system of numerals that uses letters to represent number values.
A process to yield a new number that has about the same value as the original number, but is less exact.
Salt solution, usually composed of sodium chloride.
The amount the customer pays for the product or service.
Any substance that is dissolved in a liquid solvent to create a solution.
Homogeneous (evenly distributed) mixture of two or more substances, frequently (but not necessarily) a liquid; abbreviated sol.
A liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances.
State Board of Pharmacy (BOP)
The governing body that determines practice standards in a particular state.
A concentrated solution that is diluted before use.
Beneath the skin; abbreviated SQ, SC, or subQ.
Placed beneath the tongue; abbreviated SL.
A small plug of medication designed for insertion into the rectum or vagina where it melts; abbreviated supp.
A mixture in which fine particles are suspended in a fluid where they are supported by buoyancy; abbreviated "susp."
Thick liquid to which sweetener has been added to mask the taste of a bitter drug or to make it easier for children to take; abbreviated syr.
A household measurement of volume approximately equal to 15 mL.
A dose of medicine in the form of a small pellet; abbreviated tab.
A household measurement of volume approximately equal to 5 mL.
The male sex organs responsible for secreting testosterone; responsible for producing sperm.
Endocrine gland that secretes thyroid hormone; responsible for regulating metabolism and generating body heat.
A medicine consisting of an extract in a strong alcohol solution, abbreviated tr.
Pertaining to the surface of a body part.
Through the skin.
Subcategory of lozenge that is compressed.
The amount of medication required to produce a desired effect.
The large vessels that carry oxygen-depleted blood.
A relatively small glass vessel used to store medication as liquid or powder.