How energy and matter flow through Earth's four spheres
Geosphere - solid rock layer, slowly moves causing heat transfer between the layers which warms the earth surface and impacts the atmosphere.
Atmosphere - the sun radiates the main source of energy. solar radiation heats Earth's surface unevenly which causes the air to move. The movement distributes the energy. Called convection.
Hydrosphere - the sun heats the ocean unevenly which causes the water density to change and move. Called convection current.