Clinic 175 Final
Card Set Information
Clinic 175 Final
Ultrasonic uses what kind of energy?
High frequency vibrations; soundwaves
If you have a patient with a hearing aid and you are going to use the Ultrasonic, what would you tell your patient?
To turn the hearing aid down or off.
If you have a legally blind patient can they bring in a service dog with them?
Mechanical removal or cleaning
Cavitation or cools
Irrigation or lavage
What disease can be spread through the ultrasonic's aerosols?
Does PPE decrease the risk of aerosols?
Exposed dentinal surfaces
Susceptibility to infection (immunosuppressive)
When do you flush the water lines?
Before and after patient and in between patients
How long do you flush the cavitron water line?
For 2 minutes
Which is best for a patient with heavy stain and heavy calculus, Sonic scaler or Ultrasonic?
How far does the tip of the Prophyjet need to be from the tooth surface?
What is Blue Bloater?
Chronic bronchitis: excessive mucous production
Blue Bloater Characteristics
Chronic cough with sputum
Overweight / edematous
Cyanotic and breathless
Increased respiratory rate (issues inhaling and exhaling
Cor pulmonale ( RVHF)
What is Pink Puffer?
Emphysema: destruction of alveolar walls
Pink Puffer Characteristics
CO2 Retention ; pink
Exertional dyspnea (exhaling issues)
Weak, non-productive cough; wheeze
Purse lip breathing
Speaks in short jerky sentences
Chest wall expands to give “barrel chest”
Inherited condition (autosomal recessive) that effects the lungs, pancreas, and liver. Sticky mucous blocks passageways for respiratory and digestive systems.
When should you give OHI?
After probing and PFS and before scaling
Normal Blood Pressure
Stage 1 HTN
Stage 2 HTN
Hypertension S & S
What does epinephrine do?
Constricts blood vessels
Concentrates anesthetic in desired area and prevents dissipation of LA
Hypertension puts patients at risk for:
Ischemic Heart Disease
Renal Disease/Renal Failure
When should you appoint a patient with a shunt for dialysis?
Day after dialysis
When should you appoint a diabetic patient?
In the morning
When should you appoint a patient undergoing chemotherapy?
Treat the day before they start chemo
If your patient forgot to take there premed what procedures can you do?
IOE that does not manipulate gingiva
The wheelchair accessible door width should be ___ inches.
OHI and the special needs patient
OHI for self care depend on the patient’s motor coordination.
Self sufficiency is encouraged when possible
Patients with mental disabilities OHI should be given to the caregiver
What is the most common disease seen in diabetic patients?
Which hepatitis virus will most likely result in chronic liver failure?
What is the most common seen oral manifestation in a patient with HIV?
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Characteristics
Low and flat nasal bridge
Hockey stick palmar crease
webbed fingers and toes
What are some causes of xerostomia?
How do we treat xerostomia?
Nutritional counseling- no alcohol, limit sodium intake, and avoid sugar
Fluoride-for increased risk of caries
Down Syndrome Characteristics
IQ usually <70
Short with short neck
Short underdeveloped nose
Oblique laterally slanted eyes
Short stubby fingers, palm has a single transverse crease
Class III occlusion
Chemotherapy can lead to what eating disorder?
What oral manifestations are associated with Kidney disease?
radiographic: loss of lamina dura, demineralized “ground glass” bone, localized radiolucent jaw lesions, wider trabecular spaces
Hypoglycemia can lead to:
Hyperglycemia can lead to:
What does nitroglyercin do?
Helps with angina by dilating vascular smooth muscle
Name one association that you make with CHF?
How do CHF patients need to be seated?
Rule of 2's
Steriods:20mg or greater for 2 weeks or longer
End Stage Renal Disease
Basal Cell Carinoma
Cancer patients receiving head and neck radiation are most likely to get, what?