Euro History Final

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Euro History Final
2013-07-31 12:16:06
Europe America WWI WWII

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  1. WSPU
    Identify:  The WSPU stands for Women’s Social and Political Union, this union was a group of women in Brittan who found their collective voice and were demanding the right to vote. Pankhurst was the founder of this group. These women were known as “suffragettes”. A few years later after the bill was thrown out the group turned violent, they were going around smashing windows and buildings. When in prison they wanted to wear there own cloths since they weren’t inmates but the government said no, these acts led to the women going on strike inside the jail. Hunger strike, they wouldn’t eat so they forcefully feed them. Significance: After word war 1, the government saw that the women could actually do the job of the men when they were at war by working in the factory’s and such, the parliament finally granted them the right to vote.
    Identify: The Triple Entente consisted of Britain, France, and Russia. This group formed an alliance against the central powers that were Germany, Austria, and Italy. The triple entente happened because Russia had a lot of people and Britain and France wanted to join them so they could be more powerful. Significance: When World War 1 broke out, Britain, France and Russia the Triple Entente, Where all fighting together. Also that Britain and Russia were in an alliance together.
    Identify: The Dreyfus Affair was scandal that divided France into two sides for about ten years. The accusation was that a French officer was sending French military Secrets to the Germans. They Sentenced Dreyfus life in prison but then a few years later found out the got the wrong person, After the found out it wasn’t Dreyfus they charged him for knowing what was going on, so now both of the French military officers were in jailSignificance: The significance of the Dreyfus affair is that this event shows how France could be separated for so long. This affair made the people of France choose sides between the Dreyfus and the Anti Dreyfus who were against the case, and really left a big impact on the country.
    Identify: The Von Schlieffen Plan was the German military plan. This plan’s main goal was to Avoid a Two front war with France to the West and Russia to the East. Significance: They were trying to Knock France out of the war within six weeks, but they showed more resistance than they expected and it took longer than expected. When the Germans were 12 miles out of Paris they took the turn to early and failed. This is where they started the trench warfare.
    Identify: This battle was fought on the Somme River in France; the battle was fought for five months and during the war for five days straight the British launched everything they had at the German Trenches.  Significance: The Significance of this war was this was one of the biggest battles in world war 1 killing half a million of British soldiers. It also introduced many new weapons including poison gas, the Flamethrower, and the Water carrier “tank”.
    Identify: The War guilt clause was the British where accusing the Germans that they were the ones who started the war. The British said to the Germans that if they don’t sign the war guilt Clause that Brittan and France would invade Germany. Significance: The significance of the war guilt clause was Germany did take all the blame for starting the war. This obligated Germany to pay all the reparations from the war
  7. Dawes Plan
    Identify: Economic plan in 1924 the consisted of American banks and industry investing in Europe mainly Germany. This plan helped solve the German reparation debts.Significance: Britain and France were in debt from wartime loans from America. They planned to use the German reparations to both punish Germany for starting the war and to pay back their loans to America. The Dawes Plan helped everyone get their money back but the stock market crash stopped everything.
  8. Enabling Act
    Identify: Law passed by the legislative body (Reichstag) to grant immediate powers.Significance: The enabling act marked the beginning of Hitler’s dictatorial reign. This act followed the burning of the Reichstag. Hitler used the burning of the Reichstag to ask for the powers that the Enabling Act granted. With these powers Hitler was able to make laws on his, band all anti-Nazi newspaper and media, band all trade unions and increase police power to search for the enemies of the state.
  9. Anschluss
    Identify: Unification of Germany and Austria. They came together under one roof unifying both of under one.Significance: Germany’s growth was allowed with Chamberlain’s policies of appeasement. Chamberlain unknowingly allowed Germany to gain strength heading into WWII.
  10. Sudetenland
    Identify: The Sudetenland was a piece of land between Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union. Hitler takes this piece of land.Significance: The Sudetenland is full of Germanic speaking people and should not be ruled by what Hitler sees as sub human Slovaks. Edward Benes, Czech leader, does not want to give up the Sudetenland and calls up their ally France for assistance (Czech + France + GB= WWII). GB calls the Munich Conference to discuss the Sudetenland. Hitler claims that he only wants the Sudetenland and then he will stop (Lies). Chamberlain sells out Edward Benes and allows Hitler to claim the Sudetenland (Appeaser). After he claims the Sudetenland Hitler moves on to Poland and then everyone knows his true intentions and WWII begins.
  11. Appeasement
    Identify: the act of satisfying other countries needs to try to stay out of war and conflict. Significance: Chamberlain of British tried to use appeasement with Hitler in order to stay out of war, but Hitler kept pushing and pushing until finally appeasement failed and WWII started.
  12. Nazi – Soviet Pact
    Identify: a 10-year non-aggression pact. The signed a pact that they would not fight each other, until two years later Germany attacked the Soviet union.Significance: Stalin signed because Russia was not ready for war. Germany did this to avoid a two front war
  13. Great Depression
    Identify: A severe worldwide economic depression before WWII.Significance: It showed how bad the worlds economy can decline. Originated in the US with the crash of the stock market. Hit Germany the hardest due to its already poor economic situations because of reparations of WWI.
  14. Nuremberg Laws
    Identify: antiemetic laws in Nazi Germany that classified who was Jewish and who wasn’tSignificance: Jews were forced to wear the Star of David. Jewish people were slowly being moved to the fringes of society. The Nazis began to make the Jewish teachers teaching the Jewish children.
  15. Truman Doctrine
    Identify: With the Truman Doctrine, President Harry S. Truman established that the United States would provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces.Significance: away from its usual stance of withdrawal from regional conflicts not directly involving the United States, to one of possible intervention in far away conflicts.
  16. NATO
    Identify: North Atlantic Treaty Organization. It’s member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party.Significance: NATO'S initial purpose was because Britain, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands needed to band together against the evils of the Soviet Union and socialism, and they brought the United States into it because they needed the other super power's assistance
  17. Korean War
    Identify: war against the United States backed South Korea, and the soviet backed North KoreaSignificance: First military action of the Cold War.
  18. Blitzkrieg
    Identity: (lightning war) war conducted with great speed and force.  a violent surprise offensive by massed air forces and mechanized ground forces in close coordinationSignificance: The Germans needed to conquer smaller areas quick to get ready for Britain and France. The Blitzkrieg tactic resulted in Poland falling in 10 days.
  19. Pearl Harbor
    Identity: U.S naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Attacked by Japan on December 7, 1941 in order to prevent U.S military fleet from intruding on Japanese conquering of the Pacific.Significance: This triggered the U.S entrance into World War II. The U.S followed this attack by declaring war on Japan and the use of an atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
  20. Operation Overlord
    Identity: June 6, 1944. Also called D-Day. Allied invasion of German-occupied France. U.S and Britain pushed German soldiers back off of the coast of Normandy to land more troops.Significance: Allowed more troops to land on Normandy to start the push back of Germany. Started the surrender of Germany.
  21. Potsdam
    Identity: Meeting of the Big Three. Soviet, U.S, and Britain. Stalin, Churchill and Harry S. Truman. (He replaced FDR) Took place in Potsdam located just outside of Berlin.Significance: The conference was to cover the establishment of post-war order, peace treaties issues, and countering the effects of the war. Also, wanted to discuss the punishment of Nazi Germany.
  22. Battle of Britain
    Identify: The German and British forces clashed in the air over the U.K. Luftwaffe failed to gain air superiority over the Royal Air Force despite the months of targeting Britain’s air bases.Significance: Britain’s victory saved the country from a ground invasion and occupation by German forces while they proved that air power could be used to a win a major battle.
  23. Stalingrad
    Identify: The battle between Nazi Germany and its allies vs. the USSR for control of the city of Stalingrad. It was one of the bloodiest battles in the history of warfare. Significance: It stopped the German advance into the Soviet Union and marked the turning of the tide of war in favor of the Allies. With such a massive loss of manpower and equipment, the Germans simply did not have enough manpower to cope with the Russian advance to Germany when it came.
  24. Yalta
    Identify: Was a meeting to discuss what to do about Eastern Europe. Stalin needed these countries to be controlled by the USSR and to be communists. Significance: They set up the four zones to be run by their 3 countries and France. Stalin promised to allow free elections in Eastern Europe but he broke his promise and installed the government of the USSR so the sphere of influence didn’t go as expected.
  25. Council of Foreign Ministers
    Identify: An organization of the foreign ministers of WW2 allies that through a series of meetings attempted to reach political settlements after the war. Significance: They agreed on the Austrian Peace Treaty, which led to the neutralization and resurgence of democracy in Austria.
  26. Berlin Airlift
    Identify: The Berlin airlift was a way of getting supplies into Berlin since it was blocked off by the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union had all railroads, canals, roads blocked off so that no supplies could get into berlin. The soviets did this because they wanted to be the ones supplying Berlin. Many air forces participated in this including the United States and the British.Significance: The significance of Berlin Airlift was that the soviets got embarrassed because they said the Berlin Airlift wouldn’t work but it did. Also it caused the Soviets to stop blocking of the roadways in and the supplies can continue to come in as normal.
    Identify: The Marshall Plan was the United States was going to try and help aid Europe and give them economic support after World War 1. The plan lasted for 4 years and was going to get Europe back to the nation it was. Significance:  The significance of the Marshall Plan was that it reconstructed Western Europe and gave it a whole new face. They were now modernized and everything we being run more efficiently then it was before.  This plan would guarantee American loans in return for all they did for them.
  28. Containment
    Identify: Containment was the United States policy to try and prevent the Soviet Union from bringing communism into Europe but also in other countries. Kennan was the one who started the policy of Containment.Significance: The significance of Containment was that it kept the United States out of any threat that the Soviet Union would show. Basically America was just keeping an eye on the Soviets incase they did anything to pose a threat to America.