Extra Exam-Commission's Rules e1

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rledwith
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Extra Exam-Commission's Rules e1
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2013-08-06 11:51:16
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Amateur Radio Extra Exam - E1 Question Set - Commission's Rules
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  1. E1A01 When using a transceiver that displays the carrier frequency of phone signals, which of the following displayed frequencies represents the highest frequency at which a properly adjusted USB emission will be totally within the band?
    A. The exact upper band edge
    B. 300 Hz below the upper band edge
    C. 1 kHz below the upper band edge
    D. 3 kHz below the upper band edge
    • (D) [97.301, 97.305]
    • The figure is an illustration of the relationship between carrier frequency and the frequency of the sideband components that make up the single-sideband signal.. Most rigs are configured to show the carrier frequency of a signal. The components that make up the sideband of a USB signal are higher than the carrier frequency. Since an amateur SSB signal generally has a bandwidth of about 3 kHz, to be sure the sideband components of a USB signal are within the amateur band, the carrier frequency should be 3 kHz below the band edge.
  2. E1A02 When using a transceiver that displays the carrier frequency of phone signals, which of the following displayed frequencies represents the lowest frequency at which a properly adjusted LSB emission will be totally within the band?
    A. The exact lower band edge
    B. 300 Hz above the lower band edge
    C. 1 kHz above the lower band edge
    D. 3 kHz above the lower band edge
    • (D) [97.301, 97.305]
    • The figure is an illustration of the relationship between carrier frequency and the actual signal energy. Most rigs are configured to show the carrier frequency of a signal. The components that make up the sideband of an LSB signal are lower than the carrier frequency. Since an amateur SSB signal generally has a bandwidth of about 3 kHz, to be sure the sideband components of an LSB signal are within the amateur band, the carrier frequency should be 3 kHz above the band edge.
  3. E1A03 With your transceiver displaying the carrier frequency of phone signals, you hear a DX station's CQ on 14.349 MHz USB. Is it legal to return the call using upper sideband on the same frequency?
    A. Yes, because the DX station initiated the contact
    B. Yes, because the displayed frequency is within the 20 meter band
    C. No, my sidebands will extend beyond the band edge
    D. No, USA stations are not permitted to use phone emissions above 14.340 MHz
    • (C) [97.301, 97.305]
    • The figure is an illustration of the relationship between carrier frequency and the actual signal energy. Most rigs are configured to show the carrier frequency of a signal. The components that make up the sideband of a USB signal are higher than the carrier frequency. Since an amateur SSB signal generally has a bandwidth of about 3 kHz, to be sure the sideband components of a USB signal are within the amateur band, the carrier frequency should be 3 kHz below the band edge. [97.301, 97.305]
  4. E1A04 With your transceiver displaying the carrier frequency of phone signals, you hear a DX station calling CQ on 3.601 MHz LSB. Is it legal to return the call using lower sideband on the same frequency?
    A. Yes, because the DX station initiated the contact
    B. Yes, because the displayed frequency is within the 75 meter phone band segment
    C. No, my sidebands will extend beyond the edge of the phone band segment
    D. No, USA stations are not permitted to use phone emissions below 3.610 MHz
    • (C) [97.301, 97.305]
    • The figure is an illustration of the relationship between carrier frequency and the actual signal energy. Most rigs are configured to show the carrier frequency of a signal. The components that make up the sideband of an LSB signal are lower than the carrier frequency. Since an amateur SSB signal generally has a bandwidth of about 3 kHz, to be sure the sideband components of an LSB signal are within the amateur band, the carrier frequency should be 3 kHz above the band edge.
  5. E1A05 What is the maximum power output permitted on the 60 meter band?
    A. 50 watts PEP effective radiated power relative to an isotropic radiator
    B. 50 watts PEP effective radiated power relative to a dipole
    C. 100 watts PEP effective radiated power relative to the gain of a half-wave dipole
    D. 100 watts PEP effective radiated power relative to an isotropic radiator
    • (C) [97.313]
    • If an antenna other than a half-wavelength dipole is used, the transmitter output power must be adjusted to account for the gain of the antenna. For example, if the antenna has a gain of 3 dBd (twice the gain of a dipole), the maximum transmitter output power is 50 watts. If an antenna with less gain than a dipole is used, more than 100 watts can be used. This subject will be addressed more fully in Subelement E9
  6. E1A06 Which of the following describes the rules for operation on the 60 meter band?
    A. Working DX is not permitted
    B. Operation is restricted to specific emission types and specific channels
    C. Operation is restricted to LSB
    D. All of these choices are correct
    • (B) [97.303]
    • Operation on 60 meters is restricted to five 2.8 kHz wide channels centered on 5332 kHz, 5348 kHz, 5368 kHz, 5373 kHz and 5405 kHz with USB, data, and CW signals. This secondary allocation to amateurs is restricted in order to maintain compatibility with non-amateur stations who are the primary users of the band.
  7. E1A07 What is the only amateur band where transmission on specific channels rather than a range of frequencies is permitted?
    A. 12 meter band
    B. 17 meter band
    C. 30 meter band
    D. 60 meter band
    • (D) [97.303]
    • Operation on 60 meters is restricted to five 2.8 kHz wide channels centered on 5332 kHz, 5348 kHz, 5368 kHz, 5373 kHz and 5405 kHz with USB, data, and CW signals. This secondary allocation to amateurs is restricted in order to maintain compatibility with non-amateur stations who are the primary users of the band.
  8. E1A08 If a station in a message forwarding system inadvertently forwards a message that is in violation of FCC rules, who is primarily accountable for the rules violation?
    A. The control operator of the packet bulletin board station
    B. The control operator of the originating station
    C. The control operators of all the stations in the system
    D. The control operators of all the stations in the system not authenticating the source from which they accept communications
    • (B) [97.219]
    • Amateur message systems are based on trusting that the original messages are proper and legal. Obviously control operators must be responsible for their communications. That's why the rules state, "For stations participating in a message forwarding system, the control operator of the station originating a message is primarily accountable for any violation of the rules in this Part contained in the message." The rules also state that the control operator of the first forwarding station must either authenticate the identity of the station from which it accepts a communication or accept accountability for any violation of the rules contained in messages it retransmits.
  9. E1A09 What is the first action you should take if your digital message forwarding station inadvertently forwards a communication that violates FCC rules?
    A. Discontinue forwarding the communication as soon as you become aware of it
    B. Notify the originating station that the communication does not comply with FCC rules
    C. Notify the nearest FCC Field Engineer’s office
    D. Discontinue forwarding all messages
    • (A) [97.219]
    • The FCC wants a problem fixed as quickly as possible. The rules say, "Except as noted in paragraph (d) of this section, for stations participating in a message forwarding system, the control operators of forwarding stations that retransmit inadvertently communications that violate the rules in this Part are not accountable for the violative communications. They are, however, responsible for discontinuing such communications once they become aware of their presence
  10. E1A10 If an amateur station is installed aboard a ship or aircraft, what condition must be met before the station is operated?
    A. Its operation must be approved by the master of the ship or the pilot in command of the aircraft
    B. The amateur station operator must agree to not transmit when the main ship or aircraft radios are in use
    C. It must have a power supply that is completely independent of the main ship or aircraft power supply
    D. Its operator must have an FCC Marine or Aircraft endorsement on his or her amateur license
    • (A) [97.11]
    • The only additional requirement that the FCC imposes in this hypothetical situation is that the operation must be approved by the master of the ship.
  11. E1A11 What authorization or licensing is required when operating an amateur station aboard a US-registered vessel in international waters?
    A. Any amateur license with an FCC Marine or Aircraft endorsement
    B. Any FCC-issued amateur license or a reciprocal permit for an alien amateur licensee
    C. Only General class or higher amateur licenses
    D. An unrestricted Radiotelephone Operator Permit
    • (B) [97.5]
    • As a licensed US amateur you may operate with your full privileges from a US-registered vessel but only in international waters. Once in the territorial waters of another country, you are required to abide by their amateur licensing regulations. You are also required to have permission to operate.
  12. E1A12 With your transceiver displaying the carrier frequency of CW signals, you hear a DX station's CQ on 3.500 MHz. Is it legal to return the call using CW on the same frequency?
    A. Yes, the DX station initiated the contact
    B. Yes, the displayed frequency is within the 80 meter CW band segment
    C. No, sidebands from the CW signal will be out of the band.
    D. No, USA stations are not permitted to use CW emissions below 3.525 MHz
    • (C) [97.301, 97.305]
    • The sidebands of a CW signal extend above and below the frequency of the signal.
  13. E1A13 Who must be in physical control of the station apparatus of an amateur station aboard any vessel or craft that is documented or registered in the United   States?
    A. Only a person with an FCC Marine Radio
    B. Any person holding an FCC-issued amateur license or who is authorized for alien reciprocal operation
    C. Only a person named in an amateur station license grant
    D. Any person named in an amateur station license grant or a person holding an unrestricted Radiotelephone Operator Permit
    • (B) [97.5]
    • As a licensed US amateur you may operate with your full privileges from a US-registered vessel, but only in international waters. Once in the territorial waters of another country, you are required to abide by their amateur licensing regulations. You are also required to have permission to operate.
  14. E1B01 Which of the following constitutes a spurious emission?
    A. An amateur station transmission made at random without the proper call sign identification
    B. A signal transmitted to prevent its detection by any station other
    than the intended recipient
    C. Any transmitted bogus signal that interferes with another licensed radio station
    D. An emission outside its necessary bandwidth that can be reduced or eliminated without affecting the information transmitted
    • (D) [97.3]
    • Spurious emissions include harmonics, intermodulation or cross-modulation products, or distortion products. These signals are not required components of the desired signal and cause interference to other communications.
  15. E1B02 Which of the following factors might cause the physical location of an amateur station apparatus or antenna structure to be restricted?
    A. The location is near an area of political conflict
    B. The location is of geographical or horticultural importance
    C. The location is in an ITU zone designated for coordination with one or more foreign governments
    D. The location is of environmental importance or significant in American history, architecture, or culture
    • (D) [97.13]
    • As you may already know, environmental or historical significance may limit land use in some cases. This includes where someone can install an antenna. That's why FCC reflects this concern in Part 97.
  16. E1B03 Within what distance must an amateur station protect an FCC monitoring facility from harmful interference?
    A. 1 mile
    B. 3 miles
    C. 10 miles
    D. 30 miles
    • (A) [97.13]
    • A 1600-meter (1-mile) protection zone is required to limit the effect of noise and other spurious emissions on sensitive facilities.
  17. E1B04 What must be done before placing an amateur station within an officially designated wilderness area or wildlife preserve, or an area listed in the National Register of Historical Places?
    A. A proposal must be submitted to the National Park Service
    B. A letter of intent must be filed with the National Audubon Society
    C. An Environmental Assessment must be submitted to the FCC
    D. A form FSD-15 must be submitted to the Department of the Interior
    • (C) [97.13, 1.1305-1.1319]
    • You only have to deal with FCC. Fortunately, and to simplify matters, you do not have to deal with other governmental or non-governmental agencies. You'll also need to consult Part 1.
  18. E1B05 What is the maximum bandwidth for a data emission on 60 meters?
    A. 60 Hz
    B. 170 Hz
    C. 1.5 kHz
    D. 2.8 kHz
    • (D) [97.303]
    • Operation on 60 meters is restricted to five 2.8 kHz wide channels centered on 5332 kHz, 5348 kHz, 5368 kHz, 5373 kHz and 5405 kHz with USB, data, and CW signals. This secondary allocation to amateurs is restricted in order to maintain compatibility with non-amateur stations who are the primary users of the band.
  19. E1B06 Which of the following additional rules apply if you are installing an amateur station antenna at a site at or near a public use airport?
    A. You may have to notify the Federal Aviation Administration and register it with the FCC as required by Part 17 of FCC rules
    B. No special rules apply if your antenna structure will be less than 300 feet in height
    C. You must file an Environmental Impact Statement with the EPA before construction begins
    D. You must obtain a construction permit from the airport zoning authority
    • (A) [97.15]
    • Although most amateur exam questions seem to refer to Part 97, for this question you'll also need to consult Part 17.
  20. E1B07 Where must the carrier frequency of a CW signal be set to comply with FCC rules for 60 meter operation?
    A. At the lowest frequency of the channel
    B. At the center frequency of the channel
    C. At the highest frequency of the channel
    D. On any frequency where the signal’s sidebands are within the channel
    • (B) [97.15]
    • All amateur signals on 60 meter channels must be centered within the channel.
  21. E1B08 What limitations may the FCC place on an amateur station if its signal causes interference to domestic broadcast reception, assuming that the receiver(s) involved are of good engineering design?
    A. The amateur station must cease operation
    B. The amateur station must cease operation on all frequencies below 30 MHz
    C. The amateur station must cease operation on all frequencies above 30 MHz
    D. The amateur station must avoid transmitting during certain hours on frequencies that cause the interference
    • (D) [97.121]
    • Only by avoiding the frequency or frequencies used when the interference occurs would one reduce the interference and that's reflected in the rules. This assumes that the amateur station is not actually transmitting a spurious signal on the frequency of the broadcast station.
  22. E1B09 Which amateur stations may be operated in RACES?
    A. Only those club stations licensed to Amateur Extra class operators
    B. Any FCC-licensed amateur station except a Technician class operator's station
    C. Any FCC-licensed amateur station certified by the responsible civil defense organization for the area served
    D. Any FCC-licensed amateur station participating in the Military Affiliate Radio System (MARS)
    • (C) [97.407]
    • RACES operation requires proper registration and an amateur license of any grade.
  23. E1B10 What frequencies are authorized to an amateur station participating in RACES?
    A. All amateur service frequencies authorized to the control operator
    B. Specific segments in the amateur service MF, HF, VHF and UHF bands
    C. Specific local government channels
    D. Military Affiliate Radio System (MARS) channels
    • (A) [97.407]
    • The key to this question is the phrase "normally authorized" in the question statement. The frequencies that can be used are determined by the control operator license. Under normal circumstances, there are no reserved frequencies for RACES operation.
  24. E1B11 What is the permitted mean power of any spurious emission relative to the mean power of the fundamental emission from a station transmitter or external RF amplifier installed after January 1, 2003, and transmitting on a frequency below 30 MHZ?
    A. At least 43 dB below
    B. At least 53 dB below
    C. At least 63 dB below
    D. At least 73 dB below
    • (A) [97.307]
    • 43 dB is equivalent to a ratio of 20,000 or approximately 7 S units.
  25. E1B12 What is the highest modulation index permitted at the highest modulation frequency for angle modulation?
    A. .5
    B. 1.0
    C. 2.0
    D. 3.0
    • (B) [97.307]
    • Higher modulation indexes result in wider signal bandwidths than are necessary for good amateur practices.
  26. E1C01 What is a remotely controlled station?
    A. A station operated away from its regular home location
    B. A station controlled by someone other than the licensee
    C. A station operating under automatic control
    D. A station controlled indirectly through a control link
    • (D) [97.3]
    • All of these choices may sound like they could fit the definition, but they don't. The key phrase here is operation through a "control link" because the FCC definition is very specific. The rule says that remote control is "The use of a control operator who indirectly manipulates the operating adjustments in the station through a control link to achieve compliance with the FCC Rules."
  27. E1C02 What is meant by automatic control of a station?
    A. The use of devices and procedures for control so that the control operator does not have to be present at a control point
    B. A station operating with its output power controlled automatically
    C. Remotely controlling a station’s antenna pattern through a directional control link
    D. The use of a control link between a control point and a locally controlled station
    • (A) [97.3, 97.109]
    • Like remote control, the FCC definition is very precise. The rule says, "The use of devices and procedures for control of a station when it is transmitting so that compliance with the FCC Rules is achieved without the control operator being present at a control point." Note that the compliance with FCC Rules is required.
  28. E1C03 How do the control operator responsibilities of a station under automatic control differ from one under local control?
    A. Under local control there is no control operator
    B. Under automatic control the control operator is not required to be present at the control point
    C. Under automatic control there is no control operator
    D. Under local control a control operator is not required to be present at a control point
    • (B) [97.3, 97.109]
    • By definition, the control operator of a station operating under automatic control is not required to be physically located at the control point. There must always be a control operator. Local control, as the name implies, requires that the control operator be present to manipulate the transmitter controls directly.
  29. E1C04 When may an automatically controlled station retransmit third party communications?
    A. Never
    B. Only when transmitting RTTY or data emissions
    C. When specifically agreed upon by the sending and receiving stations
    D. When approved by the National Telecommunication and Information Administration
    • (B) [97.109]
    • The rule restricts retransmission of third-party communications to RTTY and data emissions because stations using those modes are more likely to be automated than voice or CW stations.
  30. E1C05 When may an automatically controlled station originate third party communications?
    A. Never
    B. Only when transmitting an RTTY or data emissions
    C. When specifically agreed upon by the sending and receiving stations
    D. When approved by the National Telecommunication and Information Administration
    • (A) [97.109]
    • This restriction, stated in the rules as, "All messages that are retransmitted must originate at a station that is being locally or remotely controlled" is intended to prevent commercial and communications-for-hire operation from using Amateur Radio to pass messages.
  31. E1C06 Which of the following statements concerning remotely controlled amateur stations is true?
    A. Only Extra Class operators may be the control operator of a remote station
    B. A control operator need not be present at the control point
    C. A control operator must be present at the control point
    D. Repeater and auxiliary stations may not be remotely controlled
    • (C) [97.109]
    • Remote control is assumed to be identical to local control except that the operator is not at the station's control point which is where the functions of the station transmitter are adjusted. Unlike automatic control, the operator is still required to be in control of the transmitter when operating under remote control.
  32. E1C07 What is meant by local control?
    A. Controlling a station through a local auxiliary link
    B. Automatically manipulating local station controls
    C. Direct manipulation of the transmitter by a control operator
    D. Controlling a repeater using a portable handheld transceiver
    • (C) [97.3(a)(6), 97.3(a)(30),97.109]
    • By definition, the control operator of a station operating under automatic control is not required to be physically located at the control point. There must always be a control operator. Local control, as the name implies, requires that the control operator be present to manipulate the transmitter controls directly.
  33. E1C08 What is the maximum permissible duration of a remotely controlled station’s transmissions if its control link malfunctions?
    A. 30 seconds
    B. 3 minutes
    C. 5 minutes
    D. 10 minutes
    • (B) [97.213]
    • This is why many repeater time-out timers are set to 3 minutes!
  34. E1C09 Which of these frequencies are available for an automatically controlled repeater operating below 30 MHz?
    A. 18.110 - 18.168 MHz
    B. 24.940 - 24.990 MHz
    C. 10.100 - 10.150 MHz
    D. 29.500 - 29.700 MHz
    • (D) [97.205]
    • Ten meters is the only HF band on which any sort of repeater operation is permitted.
  35. E1C10 What types of amateur stations may automatically retransmit the radio signals of other amateur stations?
    A. Only beacon, repeater or space stations
    B. Only auxiliary, repeater or space stations
    C. Only earth stations, repeater stations or model craft
    D. Only auxiliary, beacon or space stations
    • (B) [97.113]
    • Auxiliary stations are often used as remote repeater receivers, providing coverage in difficult terrain. Repeaters and space stations are designed to receive on one frequency, or one set of frequencies, then retransmit any signal they receive. Repeaters do this by demodulating the signal and routing the resulting audio or data through a separate transmitter. A space station may include a repeater or it may translate signals from one frequency to another without demodulating them.
  36. E1D01 What is the definition of the term telemetry?
    A. One-way transmission of measurements at a distance from the measuring instrument
    B. Two-way radiotelephone transmissions in excess of 1000 feet
    C. Two-way single channel transmissions of data
    D. One-way transmission that initiates, modifies, or terminates the functions of a device at a distance
    • (A) [97.3]
    • This is a definition right out of the FCC rules, which define telemetry as, "A one-way transmission of measurements at a distance from the measuring instrument." [97.3(a)(45)] Practically, "measurements" include any kind of data from the system making the transmissions, such as repeater link status or error codes.
  37. E1D02 What is the amateur satellite service?
    A. A radio navigation service using satellites for the purpose of self training, intercommunication and technical studies carried out by amateurs
    B. A spacecraft launching service for amateur-built satellites
    C. A radio communications service using amateur radio stations on satellites
    D. A radio communications service using stations on Earth satellites for public service broadcast
    • (C)
    • The amateur satellite service is one of three Amateur Radio services mentioned in Part 97. [97.3(a)(2)] Radio amateurs have built and found launch opportunities for many satellites (called "space stations" in the rules). Transmissions to and from the satellites are carried out on specific sections of the amateur bands.
  38. E1D03 What is a telecommand station in the amateur satellite service?
    A. An amateur station located on the Earth’s surface for communications with other Earth stations by means of Earth satellites
    B. An amateur station that transmits communications to initiate, modify or terminate functions of a space station
    C. An amateur station located more than 50 km above the Earth’s surface
    D. An amateur station that transmits telemetry consisting of measurements of upper atmosphere data from space
    • (B) [97.3]
    • You need to know the definition for telecommand station, which is: "An amateur station that transmits communications to initiate, modify, or terminate functions of a space station."
  39. E1D04 What is an Earth station in the amateur satellite service?
    A. An amateur station within 50 km of the Earth's surface intended for communications with amateur stations by means of objects in space
    B. An amateur station that is not able to communicate using amateur satellites
    C. An amateur station that transmits telemetry consisting of measurement of upper atmosphere data from space
    D. Any amateur station on the surface of the Earth
    • (A) [97.3]
    • The key is to notice that the questions deal with stations participating in the satellite service. An Earth station is an amateur station located on, or within 50 km of the Earth's surface intended for communications with space stations or with other Earth stations by means of one or more other objects in space.
  40. E1D05 What class of licensee is authorized to be the control operator of a space station?
    A. All except Technician Class
    B. Only General, Advanced or Amateur Extra Class
    C. All classes
    D. Only Amateur Extra Class
    • (C) [97.207]
    • This may be surprising to you but any valid amateur license holder is eligible to be the control operator of a space station. However that individual is subject to the privileges of the class of operator license held.
  41. E1D06 Which of the following special provisions must a space station incorporate in order to comply with space station requirements?
    A. The space station must be capable of terminating transmissions by telecommand when directed by the FCC
    B. The space station must cease all transmissions after 5 years
    C. The space station must be capable of changing its orbit whenever such a change is ordered by NASA
    D. All of these choices are correct
    • (A) [97.207]
    • A space station must be capable of ceasing transmissions when ordered to do so by the FCC. As a matter of interest, several amateur satellites have enjoyed an operational life that exceeded 5 years.
  42. E1D07 Which amateur service HF bands have frequencies authorized to space stations?
    A. Only 40m, 20m, 17m, 15m, 12m and 10m
    B. Only 40m, 20m, 17m, 15m and 10m bands
    C. 40m, 30m, 20m, 15m, 12m and 10m bands
    D. All HF bands
    • (A) [97.207]
    • Part 97 authorizes space station operation at HF in the 40, 20, 17, 15, 12 and 10 meter bands.
  43. E1D08 Which VHF amateur service bands have frequencies available for space stations?
    A. 6 meters and 2 meters
    B. 6 meters, 2 meters, and 1.25 meters
    C. 2 meters and 1.25 meters
    D. 2 meters
    • (D) [97.207]
    • Of the amateur VHF bands, only 2 meters has frequencies authorized for use by space stations.
  44. E1D09 Which amateur service UHF bands have frequencies available for a space station?
    A. 70 cm
    B. 70 cm, 23 cm, 13 cm
    C. 70 cm and 33 cm
    D. 33 cm and 13 cm
    • (B) [97.207]
    • Now the question moves up to UHF where the 70, 23 and 13 cm bands all have frequencies authorized for space stations.
  45. E1D10 Which amateur stations are eligible to be telecommand stations?
    A. Any amateur station designated by NASA
    B. Any amateur station so designated by the space station licensee, subject to the privileges of the class of operator license held by the control operator
    C. Any amateur station so designated by the ITU
    D. All of these choices are correct
    • (B) [97.211]
    • The rule says, "Any amateur station designated by the licensee of a space station is eligible to transmit as a telecommand station for that space station, subject to the privileges of the class of operator license held by the control operator."
  46. E1D11 Which amateur stations are eligible to operate as Earth stations?
    A. Any amateur station whose licensee has filed a pre-space notification with the FCC’s International Bureau
    B. Only those of General, Advanced or Amateur Extra Class operators
    C. Only those of Amateur Extra Class operators
    D. Any amateur station, subject to the privileges of the class of operator license held by the control operator
    • (D) [97.209]
    • Your license class is not an impediment to operate an Earth station. Any licensee can do it, limited to the privileges of the class of operator license held by the control operator.
  47. E1E01 What is the minimum number of qualified VEs required to administer an Element 4 amateur operator license examination?
    A. 5
    B. 2
    C. 4
    D. 3
    • (D) [97.509]
    • The rules state, "Each examination for an amateur operator license must be administered by a team of at least 3 VEs at an examination session coordinated by a VEC." There may be more, of course.
  48. E1E02 Where are the questions for all written US amateur license examinations listed?
    A. In FCC Part 97
    B. In a question pool maintained by the FCC
    C. In a question pool maintained by all the VECs
    D. In the appropriate FCC Report and Order
    • (C) [97.523]
    • The set of questions (one of which you're reading right now) is maintained by all the VECs in a common question pool. Each VEC may choose which questions it uses on exams from the pool (the ARRL VEC is currently using all of the questions), but all questions on the exams must be from the pool.
  49. E1E03 What is a Volunteer Examiner Coordinator?
    A. A person who has volunteered to administer amateur operator license examinations
    B. A person who has volunteered to prepare amateur operator license examinations
    C. An organization that has entered into an agreement with the FCC to coordinate amateur operator license examinations
    D. The person who has entered into an agreement with the FCC to be the VE session manager
    • (C) [97.521]
    • A Volunteer Examiner Coordinator is an organization, not a person. The organization enters into an agreement with the FCC to be a VEC. The agreement with the FCC states that the organization exists to further the amateur service, is capable of acting as a VEC, will administer license exams for all classes, and will not discriminate against qualified candidates.
  50. E1E04 Which of the following best describes the Volunteer Examiner accreditation process?
    A. Each General, Advanced and Amateur Extra Class operator is automatically accredited as a VE when the license is granted
    B. The amateur operator applying must pass a VE examination administered by the FCC Enforcement Bureau
    C. The prospective VE obtains accreditation from the FCC
    D. The procedure by which a VEC confirms that the VE applicant meets FCC requirements to serve as an examiner
    • (D) [97.509, 97.525]
    • The procedure for accrediting a VE is created by each individual VEC.
  51. E1E05 What is the minimum passing score on amateur operator license examinations?
    A. Minimum passing score of 70%
    B. Minimum passing score of 74%
    C. Minimum passing score of 80%
    D. Minimum passing score of 77%
    • (B) [97.503]
    • The minimum passing score for an Extra class exam is 37 questions out of 50.
  52. E1E06 Who is responsible for the proper conduct and necessary supervision during an amateur operator license examination session?
    A. The VEC coordinating the session
    B. The FCC
    C. Each administering VE
    D. The VE session manager
    • (C) [97.509]
    • The administering VEs are responsible for the proper conduct and necessary supervision of each examination. It is not just the responsibility of the VE in charge.
  53. E1E07 What should a VE do if a candidate fails to comply with the examiner’s instructions during an amateur operator license examination?
    A. Warn the candidate that continued failure to comply will result in termination of the examination
    B. Immediately terminate the candidate’s examination
    C. Allow the candidate to complete the examination, but invalidate the results
    D. Immediately terminate everyone’s examination and close the session
    • (B) [97.509]
    • The FCC is very explicit on this point. Discipline will be maintained. The rule says, “The administering VEs must immediately terminate the examination upon failure of the examinee to comply with their instructions.”
  54. E1E08 To which of the following examinees may a VE not administer an examination?
    A. Employees of the VE
    B. Friends of the VE
    C. Relatives of the VE as listed in the FCC rules
    D. All of these choices are correct
    • (C) [97.509]
    • Part 97 only restricts VEs from administering examinations to close relatives. It defines these as a spouse, children, grandchildren, stepchildren, parents, grandparents, stepparents, brothers, sisters, stepbrothers, stepsisters, aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews and in-laws.
  55. E1E09 What may be the penalty for a VE who fraudulently administers or certifies an examination?
    A. Revocation of the VE’s amateur station license grant and the suspension of the VE’s amateur operator license grant
    B. A fine of up to $1000 per occurrence
    C. A sentence of up to one year in prison
    D. All of these choices are correct
    • (A) [97.509]
    • If you go to Part 97 you will find, “No VE may administer or certify any examination by fraudulent means or for monetary or other consideration including reimbursement in any amount in excess of that permitted. Violation of this provision may result in the revocation of the grant of the VE’s amateur station license and the suspension of the grant of the VE’s amateur operator license.”
  56. E1E10 What must the administering VEs do after the administration of a successful examination for an amateur operator license?
    A. They must collect and send the documents to the NCVEC for grading
    B. They must collect and submit the documents to the coordinating VEC for grading
    C. They must submit the application document to the coordinating VEC according to the coordinating VEC instructions
    D. They must collect and send the documents to the FCC according to instructions
    • (C) [97.509]
    • The application document certifies a successful examination by the VE team. That document is then forwarded to the VEC according to the VEC procedures.
  57. E1E11 What must the VE team do if an examinee scores a passing grade on all examination elements needed for an upgrade or new license?
    A. Photocopy all examination documents and forward them to the FCC for processing
    B. Three VEs must certify that the examinee is qualified for the license grant and that they have complied with the administering VE requirements
    C. Issue the examinee the new or upgrade license
    D. All these choices are correct
    • (B) [97.509]
    • When the examinee has been credited for all examination elements required for the operator license sought, three VEs must certify that the examinee is qualified for the license grant and that the VEs have complied with the administering VE requirements.
  58. E1E12 What must the VE team do with the application form if the examinee does not pass the exam?
    A. Return the application document to the examinee
    B. Maintain the application form with the VEC’s records
    C. Send the application form to the FCC and inform the FCC of the grade
    D. Destroy the application form
    • (A) [97.509]
    • The VE team must return the application form (such as the answer sheet) to the examinee and inform the examinee of the grade. The form may be kept by either the VE team or the examinee. VEC procedures may require the VE team to submit all non-passing application forms with the paperwork for the exam session.
  59. E1E13 What are the consequences of failing to appear for re-administration of an examination when so directed by the FCC?
    A. The licensee's license will be cancelled
    B. The person may be fined or imprisoned
    C. The licensee is disqualified from any future examination for an amateur operator license grant
    D. All these choices are correct
    • (A) [97.519]
    • The rule says that the FCC may cancel the operator/primary station license of any licensee who fails to appear for re-administration of an examination when directed by the FCC, or who does not successfully complete any required element that is re-administered. In an instance of such cancellation, the person will be granted an operator/primary station license consistent with completed examination elements that have not been invalidated by not appearing for, or by failing, the examination upon re-administration.
  60. E1E14 For which types of out-of-pocket expenses do the Part 97 rules state that VEs and VECs may be reimbursed?
    A. Preparing, processing, administering and coordinating an examination for an amateur radio license
    B. Teaching an amateur operator license examination preparation course
    C. No expenses are authorized for reimbursement
    D. Providing amateur operator license examination preparation training materials
    • (A) [97.527]
    • VEs can not charge for exams. However, a fee may be charged to cover out-of-pocket and other administrative fees — a subtle difference. The rule says, “VEs and VECs may be reimbursed by examinees for out-of-pocket expenses incurred in preparing, processing, administering, or coordinating an examination for an amateur operator license.”
  61. E1F01 On what frequencies are spread spectrum transmissions permitted?
    A. Only on amateur frequencies above 50 MHz
    B. Only on amateur frequencies above 222 MHz
    C. Only on amateur frequencies above 420 MHz
    D. Only on amateur frequencies above 144 MHz
    • (B) [97.305]
    • Because of the necessary bandwidth of spread spectrum signals, they are permitted only on the 70 cm and higher frequency bands.
  62. E1F02 Which of the following operating arrangements allows an FCC-licensed US citizen to operate in many European countries, and alien amateurs from many European countries to operate in the US?
    A. CEPT agreement
    B. IARP agreement
    C. ITU reciprocal license
    D. All of these choices are correct
    • (A) [97.5]
    • CEPT is the European Conference of Posts and Telecommunications. The US is a participant in the CEPT Recommendation, which allows US amateurs to operate in certain European countries. It also allows amateur from many European countries to operate in the US.
  63. E1F03 Under what circumstances may a dealer sell an external RF power amplifier capable of operation below 144 MHz if it has not been granted FCC certification?
    A. It was purchased in used condition from an amateur operator and is sold to another amateur operator for use at that operator's station
    B. The equipment dealer assembled it from a kit
    C. It was imported from a manufacturer in a country that does not require certification of RF power amplifiers
    D. It was imported from a manufacturer in another country, and it was certificated by that country’s government
    • (A) [97.315]
    • There are three conditions that must be satisfied. First, the amplifier must be in “used condition.” Second, it must be purchased from an amateur operator and sold to another amateur operator. (The wording allows an equipment dealer to be involved.) Third, the amplifier must be for use at the purchasing operator’s station.
  64. E1F04 Which of the following geographic descriptions approximately describes "Line A"?
    A. A line roughly parallel to and south of the US-Canadian border
    B. A line roughly parallel to and west of the US Atlantic coastline
    C. A line roughly parallel to and north of the US-Mexican border and Gulf coastline
    D. A line roughly parallel to and east of the US Pacific coastline
    • (A)  [97.3(a)(29), 97.303(f)(1)]
    • If you operate on the 70 cm band in the northern states, you need to know about Line A which parallels the US-Canadian border. Line A exists to protect Canadian UHF non-amateurs using the 420-430 MHz band from interference by US amateur signals. The rules say, “No amateur station shall transmit from north of Line A in the 420-430 MHz segment.”
  65. E1F05 Amateur stations may not transmit in which of the following frequency segments if they are located in the contiguous 48 states and north of Line A?
    A. 440 - 450 MHz
    B. 53 - 54 MHz
    C. 222 - 223 MHz
    D. 420 - 430 MHz
    • (D) [97.3(a)(29), 97.303(f)(1)]
    • If you operate on the 70 cm band in the northern states, you need to know about Line A which parallels the US-Canadian border. Line A exists to protect Canadian UHF non-amateurs using the 420-430 MHz band from interference by US amateur signals. The rules say, “No amateur station shall transmit from north of Line A in the 420-430 MHz segment.”
  66. E1F06 What is the National Radio Quiet Zone?
    A. An area in Puerto Rico surrounding the Aricebo Radio Telescope
    B. An area in New Mexico surrounding the White Sands Test Area
    C. An area surrounding the National Radio Astronomy Observatory
    D. An area in Florida surrounding Cape Canaveral
    • (C) [97.3(a)(32)]
    • The National Radio Quiet Zone protects the radio astronomy facilities for the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in Green Bank, WV and the Naval Research Laboratory at Sugar Grove, WV. It is composed of parts of the states of Maryland, West Virginia and Virginia.
  67. E1F07 When may an amateur station send a message to a business?
    A. When the total money involved does not exceed $25
    B. When the control operator is employed by the FCC or another government agency
    C. When transmitting international third-party communications
    D. When neither the amateur nor his or her employer has a pecuniary interest in the communications
    • (D) [97.113(a)(3)]
    • This falls into the area of prohibited transmissions. The rule prohibits, “Communications in which the station licensee or control operator has a pecuniary interest, including communications on behalf of an employer.”
  68. E1F08 Which of the following types of amateur station communications are prohibited?
    A. Communications transmitted for hire or material compensation, except as otherwise provided in the rules
    B. Communications that have a political content, except as allowed by the Fairness Doctrine
    C. Communications that have a religious content
    D. Communications in a language other than English
    • (A) [97.113]
    • With few exceptions, amateur communications must be free of any monetary interests.
  69. E1F09 Which of the following conditions apply when transmitting spread spectrum emission?
    A. A station transmitting SS emission must not cause harmful interference to other stations employing other authorized emissions
    B. The transmitting station must be in an area regulated by the FCC or in a country that permits SS emissions
    C. The transmission must not be used to obscure the meaning of any communication
    D. All of these choices are correct
    • (D) [97.311(a)]
    • All of the statements are correct. Here’s the rule: “SS emission transmissions by an amateur station are authorized only for communications between points within areas where the amateur service is regulated by the FCC and between an area where the amateur service is regulated by the FCC and an amateur station in another country that permits such communications. SS emission transmissions must not be used for the purpose of obscuring the meaning of any communication.”
  70. E1F10 What is the maximum transmitter power for an amateur station transmitting spread spectrum communications?
    A. 1 W
    B. 1.5 W
    C. 10 W
    D. 1.5 kW
    • (C) [97.313] [97.311(d)]
    • The SS transmitter power must not exceed 10 W under any circumstances. This is to keep the “noise” from SS communications from causing interference to users of single-channel modes.
  71. E1F11Which of the following best describes one of the standards that must be met by an external RF power amplifier if it is to qualify for a grant of FCC certification?
    A. It must produce full legal output when driven by not more than 5 watts of mean RF input power
    B. It must be capable of external RF switching between its input and output networks
    C. It must exhibit a gain of 0 dB or less over its full output range
    D. It must satisfy the FCC's spurious emission standards when operated at the lesser of 1500 watts, or its full output power
    • (D) [97.317(a)(1)]
    • The FCC rules state “To receive a grant of certification, the amplifier must satisfy the spurious emission standards...when the amplifier is operated at the lesser of 1.5 kW PEP or its full output power and when the amplifier is placed in the ‘standby’ or ‘off’ positions while connected to the transmitter.”
  72. E1F12 Who may be the control operator of an auxiliary station?
    A. Any licensed amateur operator
    B. Only Technician, General, Advanced or Amateur Extra Class operators
    C. Only General, Advanced or Amateur Extra Class operators
    D. Only Amateur Extra Class operators
    • (B) [97.201(a)]
    • Only Novice class licensees are not authorized to be the control operator of an auxiliary station.
  73. E1F13 What types of communications may be transmitted to amateur stations in foreign countries?
    A. Business-related messages for non-profit organizations
    B. Messages intended for connection to users of the maritime satellite service
    C. Communications incidental to the purpose of the amateur service and remarks of a personal nature
    D. All of these choices are correct
    • (C) [97.117]
    • Even third-party communications are subject to the restrictions of non-commercial content. Although today the Internet provides an outlet for the disallowed types of communication, these rules were put in place at a time when few alternative services were available. It is still important to keep Amateur Radio free of commercial content.
  74. E1F14 Under what circumstances might the FCC issue a "Special Temporary Authority" (STA) to an amateur station?
    A. To provide for experimental amateur communications
    B. To allow regular operation on Land Mobile channels
    C. To provide additional spectrum for personal use
    D. To provide temporary operation while awaiting normal licensing
    • (A) [1.931]
    • While uncommon, STAs are granted in order for amateurs to experiment with unusual or new modes and on normally off-limit frequencies. For example, STAs were issued to allow amateurs to experiment with spread-spectrum techniques before a formal set of rules was put in place for all amateurs.

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