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Assessment following scene size up to discover and treat immediately life-threatening conditions
A force that pierces the skin and body tissues.
A force that impacts or is applied to the body but is not sharp enough to penetrate it, such as a blow or crushing injury.
The patient's answer to "Why did you call the ambulance?"
- Bringing the patient's head into neutral position in which the nose is lined up with the navel and holding it there manually.
- Hold C-spine.
A mnemonic for alert, responds to verbal stimuli, responds to painful stimuli, unresponsive, to characterize levels of responsiveness.
Back arched, arms flexed inward toward the chest. Also called decorticate posturing.
Back arched, arms extended straight out parallel to the body. Also called decerebrate posturing.
Closed or blocked; not patent, as an occluded airway.
Absence of breathing; respiratory arrest.
Shortness of breath or perceived difficulty in breathing.
The portion of patient assessment conducted after the primary assessment, for the purpose of identifying additional serious or potentially life-threatening injuries or conditions and as a basis for further emergency care.
A clear fluid that surrounds and cushions the brain and the spinal cord.
- A section of the chest that moves in the opposite direction to the rest of the chest during the phases of respiration.
- Typically seen with a flail segment.
Rapid Secondary Assessment
A head to toe physical examination that is swiftly conducted on a trauma patient who has an AMS or a significant MOI or on a medical patient who has an AMS.
Modified Secondary Assessment
A physical exam that is focused on a specific injury site on responsive trauma patient with no significant MOI or critical injuries or on a medical patient who is alert, oriented, and stable
A protrusion, or pushing, of a portion of the brain through the cranial wall.
Breathing a foreign substance into the lungs
Jugular Vein Distension(JVD)
Normal veins will be slightly engorged in a patient who is lying supine.
Shortness of breath while lying flat.