11-3 The Senses

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11-3 The Senses
2013-08-01 00:35:05
Anatomy Physiology Human Body

Medical Assisting
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  1. Accommodation-
    The process of the lens changing shape to permit close vision.
  2. Amblyopia-
    Lazy eye; a condition characterized by the inward turning of the affected eye.
  3. Aqueous Humor-
    a watery, transparent liquid that circulates between the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye.
  4. Astigmatism-
    Blurring of the vision caused by an abnormal curvature of the cornea.
  5. Auditory-
    Pertaining to the sense of hearing; the external canal of the ear.
  6. Cataract-
    an opacity of the lens of the eye resulting in blindness.
  7. Cerumen-
    Waxlike brown secretion found in the external auditory canal.
  8. Choroid-
    the vascular coat of the eye between the sclera and the retina.
  9. Cochlea-
    the snail-shaped portion of the inner ear.
  10. Conjunctiva-
    A mucous membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the anterior sclera of the eyeball.
  11. Cornea-
    The transparent extension of the sclera that lies in front of the pupil of the eye.
  12. Enucleation-
    Surgical excision of the eyeball.
  13. Epistaxis-
    Nosebleed; hemorrhage from the nose.
  14. Eustachian Tube-
    refers to the tube of the middle ear that connects to the pharynx.
  15. Fovea Centralis-
    a depression in the posterior surface of the retina that is the place of sharpest vision.
  16. Glaucoma-
    a disease of the eye characterized by increased intraocular pressure.\
  17. Hyperopia-
    A defect of vision so that objects can only be seen when they are far away; farsightedness.
  18. Incus-
    the anvil, the middle bone of the three in the middle ear.
  19. Insidious-
    hidden, not apparent.
  20. Iris-
    The colored, contractible tissue surrounding the pupil of the eye.
  21. Lacrimal-
    Pertaining to tears; the glands and ducts that secrete and convey tears.
  22. Lens-
    a part of the eye that bends or refracts images onto the retina.
  23. Malleus-
    The largest of the three bones of the middle ear, also called the hammer.
  24. Meniere’s Disease-
    a disorder of the ear characterized by nausea, vomiting, tinnitus, and hearing loss.
  25. Myopia-
    a defect in vision so that objects can only be seen when very near; nearsightedness.
  26. Optic Disc-
    The blind spot where the optic nerve exits from the retina of the eye.
  27. Organ of Corti-
    Terminal acoustic apparatus in the cochlea of the inner ear.
  28. Otitis-
    Inflammation of the ear; can be referenced to the external middle or internal ear.
  29. Otosclerosis-
    Condition characterized by progressive deafness caused by the fixation of the stapes of the middle ear.
  30. Polyps-
    a tumor with a pedicle, especially on mucous membranes, such as in the nose, rectum, or intestines.
  31. Presbycusis-
    impairment of acute hearing in old age.
  32. Presbyopia-
    a defect of vision in advancing age involving loss of accommodation.
  33. Pupil-
    the contractible opening in the center of the iris for the transmission of light.
  34. Receptor-
    One employed to greet telephone callers, visitors, patients, or clients.
  35. Retina-
    the innermost layer of the eye that receives the image formed by the lens.
  36. Retinopathy-
    a degeneration of the retina caused by a decrease in blood supply.
  37. Sclera-
    the white or sclerotic outer coat of the eye.
  38. Semicircular Canals-
    Structures located in the inner ear.
  39. Sensorineural-
    refers to a sensory nerve.
  40. Stapes-
    One of the three bones of the middle ear.
  41. Strabismus-
    an eye disorder caused by imbalance of the ocular muscles.
  42. Tinnitus-
    a ringing or tinkling sound in the ear that is heard only by the person affected.
  43. Tympanic Membrane-
    The eardrum.
  44. Vitreous Humor-
    the substance that fills the vitreous body of the eye of the lens.