11-5 The Skeletal System

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  1. Alignment-
    Being in proper position.
  2. Amputate-
    to cut off, remove a part.
  3. Appendicular-
    Pertaining to the limbs or things that append (attach) to other parts.
  4. Arthritis-
    Inflammation of a joint.
  5. Articulation-
    To join together, as in a joint.
  6. Axial-
    Pertaining to the spinal column, skull, and rib cage of the skeleton.
  7. Bunion-
    A bursa with a callus formation.
  8. Bursa-
    A sac or pouch in connective tissue chiefly around joints.
  9. Callus-
    In fractures, refers to the formation of new osseous material around the fracture site.
  10. Cancellous-
    A latticework structure, as the spongy tissue of bone.
  11. Carpal-
    Bone of the wrist.
  12. Cartilage-
    A strong, tough, elastic tissue forming part of the skeletal system; precalcified bone in infants and young children.
  13. Cervical-
    Pertaining to the neck portion of the spinal column; also to the entrance into the uterus.
  14. Clavicle-
    The collar bone, articulation with the sternum and scapula.
  15. Coccyx-
    The tailbone; the last four bones of the spine.
  16. Comminuted-
    A crushed bone fracture with many fragments.
  17. Compound-
    Not simple, composed of two or more parts; with fractures, refers to bone fragments piercing the skin externally.
  18. Cranium-
    The skull; the eight bones of the head enclosing the brain; generally applied to the 28 bones of the head and face.
  19. Depressed-
    A state of depression, a period of low spirits; referring to a fracture, usually a fracture of the skull where bone fragments are driven inward.
  20. Diarthrosis-
    A movable joint; another word for synovial.
  21. Dislocation-
    The displacement of a part; usually refers to a bone temporarily out of its normal position in a joint.
  22. Embolus-
    a circulating mass in a blood vessel; foreign material that obstructs a blood vessel.
  23. Epiphysis-
    A portion of bone not yet ossified; the cartilaginous ends of the long bones that allow for growth.
  24. Femur-
    the thigh bone of the leg.
  25. Fibula-
    A long bone in the leg from the knee to the ankle.
  26. Fracture-
    The sudden breaking of a bone.
  27. Greenstick-
    An incomplete fracture, occurring in children.
  28. Humerus-
    The long bone of the upper arm.
  29. Ilium-
    the hip bone.
  30. Impacted-
    refers to a fracture where the broken ends are jammed together.
  31. Intervertebral-
    Between the vertebrae.
  32. Ischium-
    Temporary and localized anemia caused by obstruction of the circulation to a part.
  33. Kyphosis-
    a convex curvature of the spine; humpback.
  34. Laminectomy-
    The removal of a portion of the vertebral posterior arch.
  35. Ligament-
    Fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone.
  36. Lordosis-
    Abnormal anterior curvature of the lumbar spine.
  37. Marrow-
    the soft tissue in the hollow of long bones.
  38. Metacarpal-
    Pertaining to the five bones of the hand between the wrist and the phalanges.
  39. Metatarsal-
    The five bones of the feet between the instep and phalanges.
  40. Osteoporosis-
    A condition resulting from a decrease in the amount of calcium stored in the bone.
  41. Patella-
    The kneecap.
  42. Periosteum-
    The fibrous membrane covering the bone except at the articulating surfaces.
  43. Phalanges-
    Bones of the fingers and toes.
  44. Phalanx-
    Any one of the bones of the finger or toes.
  45. Phantom Limb-
    An illusion following amputation of a limb that the limb still exists.
  46. Prosthesis-
    An artificial replacement of a missing body part.
  47. Radius-
    A long bone of the forearm.
  48. Reduce-
    To restore the ends of a fractured bone to their usual relationship.
  49. Sacrum-
    Five used vertebrae that lie between the coccyx and the lumbar vertebrae of the spinal column.
  50. Scapula-
    The shoulder blade.
  51. Scoliosis-
    Lateral curvature of the spine.
  52. Simple-
    Referring to a bone fracture, one without involvement of the skin surface.
  53. Skeletal-
    Pertaining to the skeleton or bony structure; also to the muscles attached to the skeleton to permit movement.
  54. Spinal Fusion-
    The surgical implanting of a bone fragment between the processes of two or more spinal vertebrae to render them immobile.
  55. Spiral-
    Having a circular fashion.
  56. Sprain-
    The forcible twisting of a joint with partial rupture or other injury of its attachments.
  57. Sternum-
    The breastbone.
  58. Symphysis Pubis-
    The junction of the pubic bones on the midline in front.
  59. Synovial-
    A movable joint; also called diarthroses.
  60. Tarsal-
    Pertaining to the seven bones of the instep of the foot.
  61. Tibia-
    A long bone in the leg from the knee to the ankle.
  62. Traction-
    The process of pulling; with fractures, traction is applied in a straight line to stretch the contracted muscles and permit realignment of the bone fragments.
  63. Ulna-
    A long bone in the forearm from the elbow to the wrist.
  64. Vertebrae-
    The bones in the spinal column.
  65. Xiphoid-
    A process that forms the tip of the sternum.
Card Set:
11-5 The Skeletal System
2013-08-01 04:39:58
Anatomy Physiology Human Body

Medical Assisting
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