Path 1 & 2 FINAL

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JennieF
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228834
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Path 1 & 2 FINAL
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2013-08-01 03:02:42
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pathology
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Path 1 & 2 FINAL
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  1. The study of the development of a disease is termed
    Pathogenesis
  2. The frequency and distribution of a disease is
    Epidemiology
  3. The expected outcome of a disease is
    Prognosis
  4. A disease concurrent with another disease
    complication
  5. An decrease in the size of a cell is
    Atrophy
  6. A reversible change of one adult cell type for another is
    Metaplasia
  7. An increase in the number of cells is
    Hyperplasia
  8. Which of the following is considered the first irreversible step towards cancer
    Dysplasia
  9. Any disease producing mircoorganism
    Pathogen
  10. When an injury cannot be repaired by regeneration
    Fibrosis
  11. Edema is an imbalance between
    Hydrostatic pressure & Oncotic pressure
  12. A blood clot in a damaged vessel
    Hemostasis
  13. The growth of new vessels
    Angiogenesis
  14. A substance produced by plasma cells of the immune system to fight infectious agents
    Antibody
  15. The first line of defense against a wide range of threatening factors
    Nonspecific resistance
  16. A gene that acts to convert normal cells to cancer cells is called a(n)
    Oncogene
  17. What is NOT a characteristic of malignant melanoma
    No metastasis
  18. Any substance introduced into the body that triggers an immune response is termed
    Antigen
  19. A disease that develops as a result of the breakdown of self tolerance is termed
    Autoimmune
  20. A secondary tumor develops at a site distant and separate from the original tumor
    Metastasis
  21. In which type of immunity do T cells kill infectious agents directly
    Cellular immunity
  22. Which depends on their host for replication
    Virus
  23. The time between organism transmission to the development of symptoms in the host is termed
    Incubation
  24. Which of the following infectious agents multiply by binary fission
    Bacteria
  25. The ability of the infectious agent to establish itself in a host and cause disease is termed
    Pathogenicity
  26. Drugs that enhance a specific cell function are called
    Agonists
  27. Drugs that interfere with cell function
    Antagonist
  28. Drugs that makes cell function work better
    Synergist
  29. When food derived energy chronically exceeds energy expenditure
    Obesity
  30. Common bacterial infection of the epidermis
    Impetigo
  31. A contagious disease caused by mites
    Scabies
  32. Which is the most important carcinogenic agent in most cutaneous cancer
    Ultraviolet light
  33. A rapidly spreading acute inflammation of subcutaneous tissue
    Cellulitis
  34. A disease caused by the variola virus
    Small pox
  35. A slow, chronic inflammatory degeneration of articular cartilage
    Rheumatoid arthritis
  36. Low back pain triggered by an aneurysm
    Vascular
  37. The pathology where the bones of the body have a reduction in bone mass while keeping the normal ratio of mineral to matrix
    Osteoporosis
  38. An exaggerated lumbar curve is termed
    Lordosis
  39. An acquired autoimmune disease characterized by abnormal fatigability of skeletal muscle
    Myasthenia gravis
  40. A type of osteoarthritis that affects the patellar cartilage in young people
    Chondromalacia
  41. A pathology of bone formation characterized by a thickening and disorganization of bone architecture
    Paget's disease
  42. A lateral curve of the vertebral column is termed
    scoliosis
  43. A fracture that is the result of a disease process that weakens the bone
    Pathologic
  44. A defective closure of the neural tube is called
    Spina bifida
  45. Two hallmark characteristics of increased intracranial pressure
    • headache
    • vomiting
  46. A motor disorder acquired in utero, during the birth process, or soon after birth
    Cerebral palsy
  47. A disorder characterized by abnormal electrical discharges in the brain
    Seizure
  48. An accumulation of excess CSF in the ventricular system of the brain
    Hydrocephalus
  49. A traumatic brain injury with a disruption of the bridging veins between the cortex and the dural venous sinuses, most likely when cerebral atrophy is present
    Subdural hematoma
  50. A loss of sensory and motor function in the lower extremities
    Paraplegia
  51. An interruption in the delivery of oxygen to the brain
    Cerebrovascular accident
  52. The most common demyelinating disease of the CNS
    Multiple sclerosis
  53. Arising outside the brain substance and attaching to the dura, it is a benign, encapsulated neoplasm
    Meningioma
  54. With an unknown etiology it is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly, most often occurring after age 50 with increased incidence as age increases
    Alzheimer's disease
  55. A transient loss of cerebral function that immediately follows a head injury
    Concussion
  56. A headache that is sometimes preceded by sensory hallucinations
    Migraines
  57. A disturbance of motor function with rigidity, gait disturbances, and a slowing of voluntary movements
    Parkinsonism
  58. Which disease is marked by exopthalmus, the protusion of the eyeballs
    Grave's disease
  59. Increased secretion of thyroid hormones in adults
    Thyrotoxicocis
  60. Excess secretion of adrenocortical hormones
    Cushing's syndrome
  61. Decreased secretion of thyroid hormone in children
    Addison's disease
  62. The form of diabetes that results from the autoimmune destruction of the beta cells within the Islets of Langerhans
    Type I diabetes
  63. A condition of the blood characterized by an abnormally low number of white blood cells
    Granulocytopenia
  64. A bleeding disorder
    Hemophilia
  65. A disorder characterized by intermittent chest pain
    Angina pectoris
  66. An abnormally dilated and torturous vein produced by increased intraluminal pressure
    Varicose vein
  67. A disease of blood vessels characterized by the narrowing and weakening of arteries
    Atherosclerosis
  68. A disease that reduces the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood
    Anemia
  69. A disease of the blood marked by a proliferation of nonfunctional white blood cells
    Leukemia
  70. A disease resulting from the hearts inability to eject an adequate amount of blood
    Congestive heart failure
  71. Hypertension is most often the result of an imbalance between
    • Cardiac output
    • Total peripheral resistance
  72. Paroxysma pallor or cyanosis of the hands and feet
    Raynaud disease
  73. A collapsed lung or bronchial tube
    Atelectasis
  74. A chronic productive cough with no discernible cause for >3 months for 2 consecutive years
    Chronic bronchitis
  75. Presence of air in the pleural cavity
    Pneumothorax
  76. A respiratory disease that occurs most often as a complication of another illness
    Pneumonia
  77. An infection of the larynx
    Croup
  78. Episodic reversible bronchospasm accompanied by bronchial inflammation
    Asthma
  79. Enlargement of air spaces distal to terminal bronchioles with destruction of lung parenchyma
    Emphysema
  80. The absence peristalsis with in the esophagus
    Achlasia
  81. Progressive fibrosis that ultimately destroys the liver
    Cirrhosis
  82. Regurgitation of gastric contents
    Reflux
  83. Telescoping of the bowel into itself
    Intussusception
  84. An acquired herniation of the mucosa and submucosa through the muscular layer of the gut
    Diverticulum
  85. The absence of a lumen in a section of the gut tube
    Atresia
  86. A segment of the bowel that twists on its mesentery
    Volvulus
  87. An incomplete stricture that narrows but does not occlude the lumen
    Stenosis
  88. Loops of small bowel passing through unintended openings
    Hernia
  89. Most common cause of pyelonephritis and urinary tract infections
    E. Coli
  90. A common cervical lesion caused by the human papilloma virus
    Condyloma acuminatum

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