Top 500 Drugs 2013

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Top 500 Drugs 2013
2013-08-02 10:35:54
pharmacy drugs top 500 anti infectives cardiovascular dermatology diabetes endocrine eye respiratory

these are flashcards for the top 500 pharmaceutical drugs based from lists in 2013
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  1. Amoxicillin

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE
    • Amoxil,Amoxicot etc.
    • Infections of the ear, nose, throat, lower respiratory system, skin, subcutaneous tissue, GIT, genitourinary system, as well as Gonorrhea, and Tonsillitis

    Aminopenicillin Antibiotic.

    • Diarrhea
    • Notes; May interact with birth control and other antibiotics. Do not use if you have a penicillin allergy.
  2. Amoxicillin/K Clavulanate

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE
    • Agumentin, Amoclan
    • Otis media (ear infection), Community acquired pneumonia, UTI, infection of the skin, subcutaneous tissue or lower respiratory, and Sinusitis
    • Antibiotic.

    • Diarrhea, diaper rash, mycosis
    • Notes; Normally used for children, For use in adults this may interact with anti coagulants and birth control.
  3. Azithromycin
    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE
    • Zithromax
    • Infective exacerbation of COPD, otitis media, Bacterial conjunctivitis, Bacterial sinusitis, Chancroid (STD), Community acquired pneumonia, Gonorrhea, Infections of the skin and/or subcutaneous tissue, cervicitis, urethritis, PID, Strep
    • Macrolide antibiotic
    • Diarrhea, vomiting, nausea. 
    • Notes: Comes in ophthalmic solution, may interact with Warfarin, Digoxin, and antacids. 
  4. Cefdinir

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Acute otitis media, Bronchitis, Community acquired pneumonia, Infection of skin AND/OR subcutaneous tissue,Maxillary sinusitis, Tonsillitis

    3rd Generation Cephalosporin Antibiotic

    • Nausea, vomiting, headache, or Candida vaginitis
    • Notes: do not take with antacids or other antibiotics
  5. Cefuroxime

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE
    Zinacef, Alti-Cefuroxime

    Gonorrhea, Infection of the bone, skin, and subcutaneous tissue, Postoperative infection; Prophylaxis, Septicemia, UTI

    2nd Generation Cephalosporin, antibiotic

    Eosinophilia (high white blood cell count)

    Notes: IV injection and injectable solution, although other conjugates also come in tablet form, Best taken with food
  6. Cephalexin

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE
    Bio-Cef, Keflex

    Otitis media, UTI, LRI, Strep, Osteomyelitis, and infections of the skin of SubQ

    1st Generation Cephalosporin, antibiotic

    Diarrhea, abdominal pain
  7. Ciprofloxacin

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Bacterial prostatitis/sinusitis, Febrile neutropenia, Bronchitis, Gonorrhea, Anthrax inhlation, Infection of the bone, lower respiratory, skin, or SubQ, Infectious diarrheal disease, Infectious disease of abdomen, Nosocomial pneumonia, Pyelonephritis (bacteria in kidneys), Typhoid fever and UTI

    Fluoroquinolone, antibiotic

    Notes: Chance of any AE is under 4%, may interact with caffeine, multivitamins, antacids, and diabetes medication. May cause drowsiness/dizziness.
  8. Clarithromycin

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Acute otitis media,Acute infective exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, Community acquired pneumonia, Disseminated infection due to Mycobacterium (also Prophylaxis due to HIV infection), Helicobacter pylori gastrointestinal tract infection, Infection of skin AND/OR subcutaneous tissue, Strep, Maxillary sinusitis, Mycobacterium avium complex infection

    Macrolide, antibiotic

    • Disorder of taste, and headache
    • Notes; Interacts with antibiotics, sleep medications and cholesterol medications
  9. Clindamycin

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Bacterial infectious disease (Severe), Infection of skin AND/OR subcutaneous tissue (Severe), Infectious disease of abdomen,LRI (Severe), Empyema, abscess, pneumonitis, PID, Septicemia, Bacterial vaginosis, Acne, 

    Lincosamide, antibiotic

    • Diarrhea, Nausea, Rash, Candida vaginitis
    • Notes; Phosphate conjugate can be used to treat vaginal infections and come in a variety of topical products and suppositories
  10. Doxycycline

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE
    Adoxa, Monodox, Oracea

    Acinetobacter infection, Acne, Actinomycotic infection, Amebic, Bartonellosis, Brucellosis, Chancroid (STD), Chlamydia,Cholera, Clostridial infection, Epididymitis, Gonorrhea, Granuloma, Conjunctivitis, Infection due to Enterobacteriaceae, Infection due to E.coli, Inhalational anthrax, Postexposure and prophylaxis, Syphilis, Listeriosis, Lymphogranuloma venereum, Malaria(Prophylaxis), Nongonococcal urethritis, Plague, Psittacosis, Q fever, Relapsing fever, Respiratory tract infection, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Rosacea, inflammatory lesions (papules and pustules), Shigellosis, Spotted fevers, Staphylococcal infection of skin, Tularemia(Postexposure), Typhus group rickettsial disease, UTI, Vincent's infection, Yaws

    • Tetracycline, antiacne, antibiotic
    • Notes: No AEs above 10% chance however this drug is known of cause sun sensitivity. Also reduces the effectiveness of birth control pills
  11. Levofloxacin

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE
    Levaquin, Quixin

    Acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, Bacterial conjunctivitis /prostatitis /sinusitis, Community acquired pneumonia, UTI, Infection of skin AND/OR subcutaneous tissue, Inhalational anthrax (Postexposure &Prophylaxis), Nosocomial pneumonia, Plague, Pyelonephritis, 

    Fluoroquinolone, antibiotic

    • Headache
    • Notes: May interact with dairy products, NSAIDS, multivitamins, warfarin, and antacids.May cause patient to become sun sensitive or dizzy.
  12. Minocycline/Tetracycline

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE
    Cleeravue-M, Minocin, Dynacin, Myrac, Solodyn

    Acne, Amebic dysentery, Anthrax, Bacterial infectious disease, Chlamydia, Disease caused by rickettsiae, Inclusion conjunctivitis, Infection due to Mycobacterium marinum, Infection of skin, Meningococcal infectious disease, Periodontitis, Respiratory tract infection, Syphilis, Ureaplasma urealyticum infection, UTI

    Tetracycline, antibiotic

    • Headache, Fatigue, Dizziness
    • Notes; can be used IV, reduces the effect of birth control, may cause sun sensitivity, take 1 hour before, 2 hours after meals, and NOT right before bedtime as it might cause throat irratation (unless stomach problems occur),
  13. Nitrofurantoin

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE


    Nitrofuran, antibiotic

    • Loss of appetite, Nausea and vomiting
    • Notes:only comes in suspension, take with food/milk, may cause brown urine.
  14. Penicillin VK

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Bacterial endocarditis (Prophylaxis), Chorea (Recurrent &Prophylaxis), Rheumatic fever(Prophylaxis), Erysipelas, Strept, Fusospirochetosis, Vincent's infection, Infection of skin AND/OR subcutaneous tissue, Staphylococcal, Pneumococcal otitis media, Respiratory tract infection, Rheumatic fever,Scarlet fever, URI

    Penicillin, antibiotic

    • Black hairy tongue, Diarrhea, Epigastric discomfort, Nausea, Vomiting
    • Notes: may decrease the effectiveness of birth control pills, interacts with some vaccines.
  15. Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE
    Bactrim, Septra

    Acute infective exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Acute otitis media, Pneumocystis pneumonia due to HIV infection(Prophylaxis or Current), Pneumocystis pneumonia (Prophylaxis or Current) Shigellosis, Traveler's diarrhea, UTI

    Sulfonamide Combination

    • Loss of appetite, Nausea, Vomiting, Rash, Hives
    • Notes: may interact with ACE inhibitors and Diuretics. Drink plenty of water. May cause sun sensitivty.
  16. Cefprozil

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, Acute otitis media, Bronchitis, Infection of skin AND/OR subcutaneous tissue, Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Tonsillitis

    2nd Generation Cephalosporin, antibiotic

    Notes; No common AE over 10%. May interact with diuretics or other antibiotics.
  17. Erythromycin

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Acne, Rheumatic fever(Prophylaxis), Bacterial endocarditis(Prophylaxis), Bacterial infection of eye, Chlamydia, Diphtheria, Erythrasma, PID, Gonococcal conjunctivitis neonatorum(Prophylaxis), Infection due to Entamoeba, Infection of skin AND/OR subcutaneous tissue, Legionnaires disease, Listeriosis, Neonatal chlamydial conjunctivitis(Prophylaxis and Current), Nongonococcal urethritis, Pertussis, Respiratory tract infection, Syphilis

    Macrolide, Antiacne, antibiotic

    • Diarrhea, Loss of appetite, Nausea, Stomach cramps, Vomiting
    • Notes; comes in many different DF such as ophthalmic ointment, topical gels/solutions as well as caps/tabs. This medication is better not taken with food. Do NOT take with cholesterol medications
  18. Rifabutin(chemical name)

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Disseminated infection due to Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare group Prophylaxis in people with HIV infection

    Rifamycin, Antitubercular

    • rash, diarrhea, taste changes, dyspepsia, or nausea.
    • Notes; Does NOT have a generic. Take with food if prone to nausea. Interacts with other antibiotics and birth controls.
  19. Moxifloxacin Hydrochloride (chem name)

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Acute infective exacerbation of COPD, Bacterial conjunctivitis/ sinusitis, Community acquired pneumonia, Infection of skin AND/OR subcutaneous tissue, Infectious disease of abdomen

    Fluoroquinolone, Antibiotic

    Notes: NO generic. AE's all under 10% however drug may cause phototoxicity. Comes in tablet, IV and ophthalmic solution.
  20. Fluconazole

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Candidiasis (Prophylaxis for bone marrow transplants) Candidal vulvovaginitis, Candidemia, Candidiasis, Candidiasis of the esophagus, Candidiasis of urogenital site, Cryptococcal meningitis, Oropharyngeal candidiasis

    Triazole, antifungal

    • Headache
    • Notes:may interact with birth control.Avoid alcohol as it increase damage to the liver.
  21. Metronidazole

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE
    Flagyl, Metrogel, Noritate

    Abscess, Amebic dysentery, Amebic liver abscess, Anaerobic infection, Bacterial meningitis, Bacterial vaginosis, Rosacea, Trichomoniasis

    Nitroimidazole, antiacne, antibacterial. 

    • Nausea, headache, Candida infection of genital region, Vaginal discharge
    • Notes: Comes in many different DF (creams, gels, solutions and tabs etc.) Avoid Alcohol at all possible as it increases AEs. Avoid sexual contact till treatment is over.
  22. Nystatin

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE
    Bio-Statin, Mycostatin, 

    Candidal vulvovaginitis, Candidiasis of skin, Cutaneous and mucocutaneous infections, Gastrointestinal candidiasis, Oropharyngeal candidiasis

    Polyene, antifungal

    • Hypersensitivity reaction, and skin reactions
    • Notes: comes in topical powder/cream/ ointments, oral solution/tablets and vaginal tablets. Refrain from sexual contact till treatment is over.
  23. Terbinafine

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Dermal mycosis, Onychomycosis, Tinea capitis

    Allylamine, antifungal

    • Headache
    • Notes: Comes in OTC. DF - topical cream/spray or tabs. Drug may cause photosensitivity
  24. Terconazole

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE
    Terazol 3, Terazol 7

    Candidal vulvovaginitis

    Triazole, antifungal

    • Headache 
    • Notes; take at bedtime, Comes as a vaginal cream.
  25. Griseofulvin, Microcrystalline

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Onychomycosis due to dermatophyte,Tinea barbae,Tinea capitis,Tinea corporis,Tinea cruris,Tinea pedis 


    • rash, urticaria, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, or headache, as well as sun-sensitivity.
    • Notes: Chance of birth defects while on this medication are very high women use good contraception for 1 month after use men use it for 6 months to be safe. Take medication after high fat meal.
  26. Pentamidine Isethionate (Med name)

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE
    Nebupent, Pentam

     Pneumocystis pneumonia (Prophlaxsis in HIV patients and people who currently have it)


    • Nausea or hypoglycemia. 
    • Note: No generic available. Talk to patient about signs of hypoglycemia and what to do if it happens. Supplied via inhalation powder (nebulizer) or powder for injection.
  27. Acyclovir

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Genital herpes, Herpes simplex, Herpes zoster, Varicella

    Viral DNA Polymerase Inhibitor,Guanosine Nucleoside Analog, Antiviral

    • Malaise(generalized feeling of discomfort)
    • Notes: Maintain adequate hydration. Supplied in creams, ointments, suspensions capsules or tablets.
  28. Famciclovir

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Herpes zoster, Recurrent genital herpes

    Guanosine Nucleoside Analog, Antiviral

    • Nausea, Headache
    • Notes; This drug does not protect against the virus please use safe sex techniques.
  29. Valacyclovir

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Genital herpes simplex, Initial and recurrent episodes, Herpes labialis, Herpes zoster, Recurrent genital herpes simplex, Varicella

    Viral DNA Polymerase Inhibitor,Guanosine Nucleoside Analog, Antiviral

    • Headache, Nausea, Fatigue. 
    • Notes: Available OTC. Maintain adequate hydration and practice safe sex.
  30. Oseltamivir Phosphate (med name)

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Influenza, Virus types A and B (treatment and Prophylaxis) 

    Neuraminidase Inhibitor, Influenza A&B Virus, Antiviral

    • Nausea, Vomiting 
    • Notes; No generic available. Do not take with live vaccine or warfarin.
  31. Clopidogrel

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Prophylaxis of all the following; Acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction, Cerebrovascular, Myocardial infarction, Percutaneous coronary intervention, Peripheral arterial occlusive disease

    ADP-Induced Aggregation Inhibitor, Platelet Aggregation Inhibitor

    • Non-Major Bleeding
    • Notes: Check interactions with other medications.
  32. Warfarin

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE
    Coumadin, Jantoven

    A. fib (treatment and Prophylaxis), Myocardial reinfarction (Prophylaxis), Prosthetic cardiac valve component embolism (treatment and Prophylaxis), Pulmonary embolism (treatment and Prophylaxis), Thrombosis, Venous thromboembolism (Treatment and Prophylaxis)

    Coumarin, Anticoagulant

    • Alopecia(hair loss)
    • Notes: Use reconstituted solution within 4 hours. Comes in tablet or IV powder. Avoid alcohol while taking this drug. Interacts with many antibiotics and herbals.
  33. Aspirin/Dipyridamole

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Thromboembolic stroke(Prophylaxis)

    Platelet Aggregation Inhibitor, Phosphodiesterase Inhibitor/Salicylate, Aspirin Combination

    • Abdominal pain, diarrhea, dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, arthralgia, headache, pain, fatigue, bronchospasm, or angioedema (deep swelling around eyes and lips and sometimes hands and feet).
    • Notes; No generic available. Try to limit alcohol consumption to under 3 drinks. Do not take additional OTC asprin.
  34. Prasugrel Hydrochloride

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Thrombosis prophylaxis in patients who undergo  percutaneous coronary intervention

    ADP-Induced Aggregation Inhibitor, Platelet Aggregation Inhibitor

    • Epistaxis, hemoptysis, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, bruising, hypertension, headache, back pain, dyspnea, nausea, and dizziness
    • Notes; No generic available. Avoid drugs that may increase bleeding risk (warfarin, aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen), including over-the-counter and herbal drugs. Crushing tablet is okay.
  35. Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium (med name)

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Chronic interstitial cystitis (inflammation of the bladder) relief of bladder pain or discomfort

    Cystitis Agent

    Notes:No generic available. No AEs above 10%. Advise patient to take drug with water at least 1 h before or 2 h after meals.
  36. Dabigatran Etexilate Mesylate(med name)

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Prophylaxis of A. Fib. 

    Thrombin Inhibitor, Anticoagulant

    • Unusual bruising, dyspepsia, and gastritis-like symptoms, and bleeding is very common. 
    • Notes: No generic available. May interact with other anticoagulants and heart medications. Report uncontrolled bleeding to doctor.   
  37. Amlodipine

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Angina, Hypertension.

    Calcium Channel Blocker, Cardiovascular Agent, Dihydropyridine

    • Palpitations, peripheral edema, fatigue, headaches, abdominal pain, nausea, or flushing.
    • Notes; Do not take with statins or other CCB. :)
  38. Atenolol

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Acute myocardial infarction, Angina pectoris, Hypertension

    Beta-Adrenergic Blocker, Cardiovascular Agent

    • Bradyarrhythmia, cold extremities, fatigue, insomnia, or depression
    • Notes; This drug should be taken on an empty stomach.Do not take with medications of the same class or with anti-diabetic medications.
  39. Atenolol/Chlorthalidone

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE


    Beta-Adrenergic Blocker, Cardioselective/Thiazide Combination

    • Cold extremities, diarrhea, nausea, fatigue, headache, depression, Raynaud's phenomenon, hyperglycemia, impotence, lupus erythematosus.
    • Notes;  Tell patients to rise slowly due to risk of orthostatic hypertension. May cause dizziness refrain from high coordinated activities until you know how the drug affects you.
  40. Benazepril Hydrochloride

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE


    ACE Inhibitor, Antihypertensive

    • Symptomatic hypotension, cough, headaches, somnolence, and postural dizziness 
    • Notes: Do not take this medication if pregnant. May interact with ANGIOTENSIN II RECEPTOR BLOCKERS, potassium, Lithium, etc. 
  41. Benazepril HCTZ

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE
    Lotensin HCT

    Second line therapy for hypertension. 

    ACE Inhibitor/Thiazide Combination

    • Dizziness, headache, fatigue, or cough
    • Notes; Maintain adequate hydration to prevent hypotension. May interact with diabetes medications, NSAIDS, Diuretics, Lithium, and other blood pressure medications.
  42. Bisoprolol

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE


    Beta-Adrenergic Blocker, Cardiovascular Agent

    • Bradyarrhythmia, cold extremities, hypotension, dyspepsia, dizziness, headache, dyssomnia, upper respiratory infection, or fatigue.
    • Notes: May interact with  medicines for high blood pressure or those which control heart rhythm.
  43. Bisoprolol HCTZ

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE


    Beta-Adrenergic Blocker, Cardioselective/Thiazide Combination

    • Cough, headache, dizziness, insomnia, or electrolyte imbalances
    • Notes: Available OTC. May interact with other cardiovascular medications, diabetes medications and lithium. Chance of sun-sensitivity with this drug. 
  44. Bumetanide

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE


    Loop diuretic, Cardiovascular Agent

    • Electrolyte imbalances
    • Notes; Comes in tablets and injections, Avoid alcohol when taking this medication. Be careful when taking herbals with this medication as well as other diuretics and cardiovascular medications.
  45. Cartia XT

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE
    Cardizem, Dilacor, Tiazac

    Atrial arrhythmia, Hypertension, Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, Stable angina

    Benzothiazepine, Calcium Channel Blocker, Cardiovascular Agent

    • Headache, or dermatologic reactions such as exfoliative dermatitis (reddened skin, skin peeling/flaking) or erythema multiforme (flu-like symptoms, spreading red rash, may progress to more severe form with blistering).
    • Notes; Avoid activities requiring coordination until drug effects are realized. Do not drink alcohol while taking this medication. Avoid concomitant use of beta-blockers, and some antibiotics. 
  46. Carvedilol

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Heart failure, Hypertension, Impaired left ventricular function(Myocardial infarction)

    Alpha/Beta-Adrenergic Blocker, Cardiovascular agent.

    • Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, arthralgia, back pain, myalgia, headache, vision disorder, erectile dysfunction, reduced libido, or fatigue
    • Notes; May interact with other heart medications, diabetes medications and MAOIs. Take this drug with food.
  47. Chlorthalidone

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Hypertension, Edema. 

    Cardiovascular Agent,Diuretic,Thiazide Related

    • Hypotension, constipation, diarrhea, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, headache, or impotence
    • Notes; Best taken in the morning with food. Avoid alcohol while taking this medication. May interact with lithium, some pain medications and other cardiovascular medications. 
  48. Clonidine

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Essential hypertension

    Alpha-2 Adrenergic Agonist, Antihypertensive

    • Nausea, and vomiting
    • Notes; Comes in transdermal patch, IV, and Tabs. Do NOT take with MAOIs, may interact with other medications for depression, or cardiovascular medications. Avoid alcohol. 
  49. Enalapril

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Heart failure, Hypertension

    ACE inhibitor, Antihypertensive

    • Nausea, vomiting, or asthenia.
    • Notes; May interact with lithum, direutics, NSAIDs and other blood pressure medications. Do not use if you are pregnant. 
  50. Felodipine

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE


    Calcium Channel Blocker, Cardiovascular Agent, Dihydropyridine

    • Peripheral edema, flushing, headache, myocardial infarction, or tachyarrhythmia.
    • Notes; Avoid alcohol while taking this medication. Do not take with grapefruit products.
  51. Fosinopril

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE

    Heart failure, Hypertension

    ACE Inhibitor, Antihypertensive

    • Dizziness
    • Notes; Best to take this medication on an empty stomach. May interact with NSAIDs, lithium and other cardiovascular medications.
  52. Guanfacine

    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE
    Tenex, Intuniv

    ADHD, Hypertension

    Alpha-2 Adrenergic Agonist, Antihypertensive. Central Nervous System Agent

    • Sedation, hypotension, dry mouth, headache, fatigue, constipation, or abdominal pain.
    • Notes; May interact with pain medications. Avoid alcohol while on this medication.
  53. Hydralazine
    Trade Name, Uses, Class, and AE