child psych

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Author:
jadki1582
ID:
228883
Filename:
child psych
Updated:
2013-08-01 18:10:50
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chapter3
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vocabulary
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  1. Dilation is...
    A key process in the first stage of childbirth, during which the cervix widens sufficiently to allow the infant's head to pass into the birth canal. Full dilation is 10 centimeters.
  2. Effacement is...
    The flattening of the cervix, which, along with dilation, is a key process of the first stage of childbirth.
  3. Anoxia is...
    A shortage of oxygen. This is one of the potential risks at birth, and it can result in brain damage if it is prolonged.
  4. Low birth weight is...
    Term for any baby born with a weight below 2,500 grams (5.5 lbs), including both those born too early (preterm) and those who are small for date.
  5. Very low birth weight is...
    Term for any baby born with a weight below 1,500 grams (3.3 lbs).
  6. Extremely low birth weight is..
    Term for any baby born with a weight below 1,000 grams (2.2 lbs).
  7. Preterm infant is...
    An infant born before 38 weeks gestational age.
  8. Small for date infant is...
    An infant who weighs less than is normal for the number of weeks of gestation completed.
  9. Respiratory distress syndrome is...
    A problem frequently found in infants born more than 6 weeks before term, in which the infant's lings lack a chemical (surfactant) needed to keep air sacs inflated.
  10. Reflexes are...
    Automatic body reactions to specific stimulation, such as the knee jerk or the Moro reflex. Adults have many reflexes, but the newborn also has some primitive reflexes that disappear as the cortex develops.
  11. Adaptive reflexes are...
    Reflexes that are essential to the infant's survival but that disappear in the first year of life.
  12. Rooting reflex is...
    The reflex that causes an infant to automatically turn toward a touch on the cheek, open the mouth, and make sucking movements.
  13. Primitive reflexes are...
    Collection of reflexes seen in young infants that gradually disappear during the first year of life, including the Moro and Babinski reflexes.
  14. Moro reflex is...
    The reflex that causes infants to extend their legs, arms, and fingers, arch the back, and draw back the head when startled.
  15. Babinski reflex is...
    A reflex found in very young infants that causes them to splay out their toes in response to a stroke on the bottom of the foot.
  16. Dynamic systems theory is...
    The view that several factors interact to influence development.
  17. States of consciousness is...
    The periodic shifts in alertness, sleepiness, crankiness, and so on that characterize an infant's behavior.
  18. Colic is...
    A pattern of persistent and often inconsolable crying, totaling more than 3 hours a day, found in some infants in the first 3 to 4 months.
  19. Sensation is...
    The process of taking in raw information through the senses.
  20. Perception is...
    The attribution of meaning to sensory information.
  21. Cephalocaudal is...
    One of two patterns of physical development in infancy in which development proceeds from the head downward.
  22. Proximodistal is...
    One of two basic patterns of physical development in infancy in which development proceeds from the center outward.
  23. Learning is...
    Change due to experience.
  24. Schematic learning is...
    The development of expectancies concerning what actions lead to what results or what events tend to go together.
  25. Habituation is...
    An automatic decrease in the intensity of a response to a repeated stimulus, enabling a child or adult to ignore the familiar and focus attention on the novel.
  26. Termperament is...
    Inborn predispostions that form the foundations of personality.
  27. Easy child is...
    An infant who adapts easily to change and who exhibits regular patterns of eating, sleeping, and alertness.
  28. Difficult child is...
    An infant who is irritable and irregular in behavior.
  29. Slow to warm up child is...
    An infant who may seem unresponsive but who simply takes more time to respond than other infants do.
  30. Otitis media (OM) is...
    An inflammation of the middle ear that is caused by a bacterial infection.
  31. Sudden infant death syndrome is..
    The unexpected death of an infant who otherwise appears healthy; also called crib death. The cause of SIDS is unknown.

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