Literary Terms

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Author:
linderzz
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228885
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Literary Terms
Updated:
2013-08-01 17:40:22
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English
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Literary terms
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  1. the attitude(s) toward the subject and audience implied in a literary
    work.
    Tone
  2. word choice, or the use of words in oral or written discourse.
    Diction:diction consists of vocabulary (words one at a time) and syntax (patterns of arrangement).
  3. An argument attacking an individual’s character
    rather than his or her position on an issue.
    Ad hominem
  4. A literary work in which characters, objects,
    or actions represent abstractions.
    Allegory
  5. The repetition of initial sounds in successive
    neighboring words.
    Alliteration
  6. A reference to something literary,
    mythological, or historical.
    Allusion
  7. A brief personal narrative which focuses on a
    particular incident or event.
    Anecdote
  8. A comparison between two different things
    which are similar in some way.
    Analogy
  9. The repetition of words or phrases at the
    beginning of consecutive lines or sentences.
    Anaphora
  10. A statement in which two opposing ideas are
    balanced.
    Antithesis
  11. A concise statement which expresses succinctly
    a general truth or idea, often using rhyme or balance.
    Aphorism
  12. The act of speaking directly to an absent or
    imaginary person, or to some abstraction.
    Apostrophe
  13. A statement consisting of two parallel parts
    in which the second part is structurally reversed.
    Chiasmus
  14. Informal words or expressions not usually acceptable
    in formal writing.  Slang,
    contractions, and lively conversational rhythms.
    Colloquialism
  15. A fanciful, particularly clever extended
    metaphor. The term designates fanciful notions and may be a brief metaphor or
    the framework of an entire poem.
    Conceit
  16. The implied or associative meaning of a word.  It must be shared to be intelligible to
    others and depends on usage and a particular linguistic community and climate.
    Connotation
  17. The literal meaning of a word, independent of its emotional coloration or associations.
    Denotation
  18. needs the rest of the sentence (the independent, or main, clause) for
    the full impact of its meaning to be felt.
    Dependent Clause
  19. having to do with the words choices made by a
    writer: plain or fancy; archaic or current.
    Diction
  20. Something which has as its primary purpose to teach or instruct.
    Didactic
  21. The omission of a word or phrase which is
    grammatically necessary but can be deduced from the text.
    Ellipsis
  22. A moment of sudden revelation or insight.
    Epiphany
  23. An indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered
    unpleasant.
    Euphemism
  24. In literature, the term is applied to any person who, through contrast,
    underscores the distinctive characteristics of another.
    FOIL
  25. A major category
    or type of literature:western, mystery, romance.
    Genre
  26. Intentional
    exaggeration to create an effect.
    Hyperbole
  27. Concrete, sensory details which contribute to the themes or ideas of a work
    Imagery
  28. makes sense by itself and could make it as a separate sentence.
    Independent Clause
  29. An intensely vehement, highly emotional verbal attack.
    Invective
  30. A situation or statement where the truth is
    the opposite of appearances.
    Irony
  31. A type of understatement in which something
    affirmative is expressed by negating its opposite.
    Litotes
  32. A direct comparison of two different things which suggests they are somehow
    the same.
    Metaphor
  33. Substituting the name of one object for another closely associated with
    it
    Metonymy
  34. A standard theme or dramatic situation which recurs in various works.
    Motif
  35. An inference that does not logically follow from the premise(s).
    Non Sequitur
  36. A word formed by the imitation of natural sounds.  Hiss, Buzz, Whirr, Sizzle.
    Onomatopoeia
  37. An expression in which two words that
    contradict each other are joined.
    Oxymoron
  38. An apparently contradictory statement which actually contains
    some truth.
    Paradox
  39. A humorous imitation of a serious work.
    Parody
  40. The quality in a work that prompts the reader
    to feel pity or sorrow.
    Pathos
  41. Describing an excessive display of learning or
    scholarship.
    Pedantic
  42. One that is not grammatically complete before its end; effective because
    it holds an idea in suspense before its final revelation.
    Periodic Sentence
  43. Endowing non-human objects or creatures with
    human qualities or characteristics.
    Personification
  44. A play on words based on the similarity of sound between two words with
    different meanings.
    Pun
  45. A question proposed for its persuasive effect and not requiring a reply or intended to induce a
    reply.
    Rhetorical question
  46. Harsh, cutting language/tone designed to ridicule.
    Sarcasm
  47. The use of humor to emphasize human weaknesses
    or imperfections in social institutions.
    Satire
  48. The linking of one word with two other words
    in two strikingly different ways.
    Syllepsis
  49. A logical argument in which a conclusion is
    based on a major premise and a minor premise. 
    Transitive Property
    Syllogism
  50. An object which is something in itself yet is
    used to represent something else.
    Symbol
  51. Using one part of an object to represent the
    entire object
    Synecdoche
  52. The overall manner in which an individual
    writer expresses idea.
    Style
  53. The manner in which words are arranged by a writer into sentences.
    Syntax
  54. Needless repetition which adds no meaning or
    understanding.
    Tautology
  55. The deliberate representation of something as
    less in magnitude than it really is.
    Understatement

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