PHM 153 Test 2
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What are the different types of cardiac emergency?
- Cardiovascular Collapse
- Ventricular Fibrillation
- Ventricular Standstill
What code is called in an adult emergency?
What life saving drugs are found in the Emergency Box/Tray?
- Sodium Bicarbonate
- Calcium Chloride
- Dextrose 50%
What drug is used to correct metabolic acidosis?
What drug makes the heart beat faster and contract more forcefully, increasing cardiac output?
What drug causes an increase in cardiac output, renal blood flow, and urine production?
What acts as a vasoconstrictor causing an increase in systemic blood pressure
What increases cardiac ouput and relaxes the smooth muscle of the bronchioles in the lungs?
What drug makes the heart contract more forcefully after a normal heart rhythm has been restored?
What drug increases cardiac output and dries up secretions
What is the drug of choice for ventricular fibrillation and tachycardia?
What drug restores normal sinus rhythm?
What is used to treat hypoglycemia?
What are the two main reasons medication administration is important?
- 1)Times of administration can affect the benefits received from a drug.
- 2)Administration schedules are used to coordinate pharmacy and nursing service activities
What is a PRN medication?
An as needed drug
Who orders the stop orders?
Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee
What is considered for auto stops of medication?
Potential for abuse and cost
How long are sleeping medications covered?
What are standing orders?
A preprinted set of orders are a time saving convenience to the physician
Where might standing orders by used?
- Labor and Delivery
- Detox and Psych Wards
Who’s responsibility is it to resolve any problems concerning a drug order?
Pharmacy and nursing staff
What is a MAR?
An institutional form that is used to document all the medication given to hospital patients
Whos responsibility is it to document the drugs given immediately after administration?
How often with the pharmacy deliver a typed MAR for each patient?
What should be written if a medication is discontinued?
“D/C or DC”
Why are patients encouraged to bring their home medications in to the hospital?
It helps the physicians obtain a more complete patient history
Who should identify all home medications?
Who’s responsibility is it to send medication to a patient that will prepare him for some laboratory or radiology tests?
What is known as an examination of the gall bladder by x-ray study?
What is known as an examination of the renal pelvis and the ureter by x-ray study?
What is the examination of the kidney by x-ray study?
What is the main purpose of an anesthesia tray?
Who’s responsibility is it to ensure that all paperwork is completely filled out accurately, noting NDC, lot numbers, and expiration dates in case of recall?
Why was OSHA established?
To establish protocols and standards for occupational health and safety
When did OSHA become involved with medical practices?
Why did they become involved with medical practices?
To prevent hep B
What is known as the Hazard Communication Standard?
Right to Know Law
What does the right to know law state?
Employees should be notified of hazardous chemicals in their place of employment and the health risks associated
What should be on the chemical label?
Name of the chemical and location where it is to be kept
What are some of the typically forgotten chemicals?
Glass and surface cleaner and antibacterial soap
What should every chemical in the office have?
A Material Safety Data Sheet
Where are MSDS sheets obtained from?
What is the purpose of a exposure control plan?
To prevent or control employee exposure to blood, body fluid and other potentially infectious materual
What is the purpose of the personal protective measure?
To minimize occupational exposure to blood borne pathoegens through the use of protective equipment
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