PHM 153 Test 2

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Cruzin4Life
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228892
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PHM 153 Test 2
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2013-08-01 19:54:29
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PHM 153 Test
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PHM 153 Test 2
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  1. What are the different types of cardiac emergency?
    • Cardiovascular Collapse
    • Ventricular Fibrillation
    • Ventricular Standstill
  2. What code is called in an adult emergency?
    Code Blue
  3. What life saving drugs are found in the Emergency Box/Tray?
    • Sodium Bicarbonate
    • Epinephrine
    • Dopamine
    • Norepinephrine
    • Isoproterenol
    • Calcium Chloride
    • Atropine
    • Lidocaine
    • Adenosine
    • Dextrose 50%
  4. What drug is used to correct metabolic acidosis?
    Sodium Bicarbonate
  5. What drug makes the heart beat faster and contract more forcefully, increasing cardiac output?
    Epinephrine
  6. What drug causes an increase in cardiac output, renal blood flow, and urine production?
    Dopamine
  7. What acts as a vasoconstrictor causing an increase in systemic blood pressure
    Norepinephrine
  8. What increases cardiac ouput and relaxes the smooth muscle of the bronchioles in the lungs?
    Isoproterenol
  9. What drug makes the heart contract more forcefully after a normal heart rhythm has been restored?
    Calcium Chloride
  10. What drug increases cardiac output and dries up secretions
    Atropine
  11. What is the drug of choice for ventricular fibrillation and tachycardia?
    Lidocaine
  12. What drug restores normal sinus rhythm?
    Adenosine
  13. What is used to treat hypoglycemia?
    Dextrose 50%
  14. What are the two main reasons medication administration is important?
    • 1)Times of administration can affect the benefits received from a drug.
    • 2)Administration schedules are used to coordinate pharmacy and nursing service activities
  15. What is a PRN medication?
    An as needed drug
  16. Who orders the stop orders?
    Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee
  17. What is considered for auto stops of medication?
    Potential for abuse and cost
  18. How long are sleeping medications covered?
    7 days
  19. What are standing orders?
    A preprinted set of orders are a time saving convenience to the physician
  20. Where might standing orders by used?
    • Labor and Delivery
    • CCU
    • ICU
    • Detox and Psych Wards
  21. Who’s responsibility is it to resolve any problems concerning a drug order?
    Pharmacy and nursing staff
  22. What is a MAR?
    An institutional form that is used to document all the medication given to hospital patients
  23. Whos responsibility is it to document the drugs given immediately after administration?
    The nurse
  24. How often with the pharmacy deliver a typed MAR for each patient?
    Every day
  25. What should be written if a medication is discontinued?
    “D/C or DC”
  26. Why are patients encouraged to bring their home medications in to the hospital?
    It helps the physicians obtain a more complete patient history
  27. Who should identify all home medications?
    Attending physician
  28. Who’s responsibility is it to send medication to a patient that will prepare him for some laboratory or radiology tests?
    The pharmacy’s
  29. What is known as an examination of the gall bladder by x-ray study?
    Cholecystography
  30. What is known as an examination of the renal pelvis and the ureter by x-ray study?
    Pyelogram
  31. What is the examination of the kidney by x-ray study?
    Nephrotomogram
  32. What is the main purpose of an anesthesia tray?
    To numb
  33. Who’s responsibility is it to ensure that all paperwork is completely filled out accurately, noting NDC, lot numbers, and expiration dates in case of recall?
    Pharmacy Technician
  34. Why was OSHA established?
    To establish protocols and standards for occupational health and safety
  35. When did OSHA become involved with medical practices?
    1983
  36. Why did they become involved with medical practices?
    To prevent hep B
  37. What is known as the Hazard Communication Standard?
    Right to Know Law
  38. What does the right to know law state?
    Employees should be notified of hazardous chemicals in their place of employment and the health risks associated
  39. What should be on the chemical label?
    Name of the chemical and location where it is to be kept
  40. What are some of the typically forgotten chemicals?
    Glass and surface cleaner and antibacterial soap
  41. What should every chemical in the office have?
    A Material Safety Data Sheet
  42. Where are MSDS sheets obtained from?
    The manufacturer
  43. What is the purpose of a exposure control plan?
    To prevent or control employee exposure to blood, body fluid and other potentially infectious materual
  44. What is the purpose of the personal protective measure?
    To minimize occupational exposure to blood borne pathoegens through the use of protective equipment

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