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  1. a posteriori
    from the latter --   knowledge or justification is dependent on experience or empirical evidence
  2. a priori
    from what comes before -- knowledge or   justification is independent of experience
  3. faber est suae   quisque fortunae
    every man is the artisan of his own fortune -- quote by Appius Claudius Caecus
  4. acta non verba
    deeds, not words
  5. ad hoc
    to this --   improvised or made up
  6. ad hominem
    to the man --   below-the-belt personal attack rather than a reasoned argument
  7. ad honorem
    for honor
  8. ad infinitum
    to infinity
  9. ad nauseam
    used to describe an   argument that has been taking place to the point of nausea
  10. ad victoriam
    to victory -- more   commonly translated into "for victory," this was a battle cry of   the Romans
  11. alea iacta est
    the die has been   cast
  12. alias
    at another time --   an assumed name or pseudonym
  13. alibi
  14. alma mater
    nourishing mother   -- used to denote one's college/university
  15. amor patriae
    love of one's   country
  16. amor vincit omnia
    love conquers all
  17. annuit cœptis
    He (God) nods at   things being begun -- or "he approves our undertakings," motto on   the reverse of the Great Seal of the United States and on the back of the   United States one-dollar bill
  18. ante bellum
    before the war --   commonly used in the Southern United States as antebellum to refer to the   period preceding the American Civil War
  19. ante meridiem
    before noon --   A.M., used in timekeeping
  20. aqua vitae
    water of life --   used to refer to various native distilled beverages, such as whisky (uisge   beatha) in Scotland and Ireland, gin in Holland, and brandy (eau de vie) in   France
  21. arte et marte
    by skill and valour
  22. astra inclinant,   sed non obligant
    the stars incline   us, they do not bind us -- refers to the strength of free will over   astrological determinism
  23. audemus jura nostra   defendere
    we dare to defend   our rights -- state motto of Alabama
  24. audere est facere
    to dare is to do
  25. audio
    I hear
  26. aurea mediocritas
    golden mean --   refers to the ethical goal of reaching a virtuous middle ground between two   sinful extremes
  27. auribus teneo lupum
    I hold a wolf by   the ears -- a common ancient proverb; indicates that one is in a dangerous   situation where both holding on and letting go could be deadly; a modern   version is, "to have a tiger by the tail"
  28. aut cum scuto aut   in scuto
    either with shield   or on shield -- do or die, "no retreat"; said by Spartan mothers to   their sons as they departed for battle
  29. aut neca aut necare
    either kill or be   killed
  30. aut viam inveniam   aut faciam
    I will either find   a way or make one -- said by Hannibal, the great ancient military commander
  31. barba non facit   philosophum
    a beard doesn't   make one a philosopher
  32. bellum omnium   contra omnes
    war of all against   all
  33. bis dat qui cito   dat
    he gives twice, who   gives promptly -- a gift given without hesitation is as good as two gifts
  34. bona fide
    good faith
  35. bono malum superate
    overcome evil with   good
  36. carpe diem
    seize the day
  37. caveat emptor
    let the buyer   beware -- the purchaser is responsible for checking whether the goods suit   his need
  38. circa
    around, or   approximately
  39. citius altius   fortius
    faster, higher,   stronger -- modern Olympics motto
  40. cogito ergo sum
    "I think   therefore I am" -- famous quote by Rene Descartes
  41. contemptus   mundi/saeculi
    scorn for the   world/times -- despising the secular world, the monk or philosopher's   rejection of a mundane life and worldly values
  42. corpus christi
    body of Christ
  43. corruptissima re   publica plurimae leges
    when the republic   is at its most corrupt the laws are most numerous -- said by Tacitus
  44. creatio ex nihilo
    creation out of   nothing -- a concept about creation, often used in a theological or   philosophical context
  45. cura te ipsum
    take care of your   own self -- an exhortation to physicians, or experts in general, to deal with   their own problems before addressing those of others
  46. curriculum vitae
    the course of one's   life -- in business, a lengthened resume
  47. de facto
    from the fact --   distinguishing what's supposed to be from what is reality
  48. deo volente
    God willing
  49. deus ex machina
    God out of a   machine -- a term meaning a conflict is resolved in improbable or implausible   ways
  50. dictum factum
    what is said is   done
  51. disce quasi semper   victurus vive quasi cras moriturus
    learn as if you're   always going to live; live as if tomorrow you're going to die
  52. discendo discimus
    while teaching we   learn
  53. docendo disco,   scribendo cogito
    I learn by   teaching, think by writing
  54. ductus exemplo
    leadership by   example
  55. ducunt volentem   fata, nolentem trahunt
    the fates lead the   willing and drag the unwilling -- attributed to Lucius Annaeus Seneca
  56. dulce bellum   inexpertis
    war is sweet to the   inexperienced
  57. dulce et decorum   est pro patria mori
    it is sweet and   fitting to die for your country
  58. dulcius ex asperis
    sweeter after   difficulties
  59. e pluribus unum
    out of many, one --   on the U.S. seal, and was once the country's de facto motto
  60. emeritus
    veteran -- retired   from office
  61. ergo
  62. et alii
    and others --   abbreviated et al.
  63. et cetera
    and the others
  64. et tu, Brute?
    last words of   Caesar after being murdered by friend Brutus in Shakespeare's "Julius   Caesar," used today to convey utter betrayal
  65. ex animo
    from the heart --   thus, "sincerely"
  66. ex libris
    from the library of   -- to mark books from a library
  67. ex nihilo
    out of nothing
  68. ex post facto
    from a thing done   afterward -- said of a law with retroactive effect
  69. fac fortia et   patere
    do brave deeds and   endure
  70. fac simile
    make alike --   origin of the word "fax"
  71. flectere si nequeo   superos, acheronta movebo
    if I cannot move   heaven I will raise hell -- Virgil's Aeneid
  72. fortes fortuna   adiuvat
    fortune favors the   bold
  73. fortis in arduis
    strong in   difficulties
  74. gloria in excelsis   Deo
    glory to God in the   highest
  75. habeas corpus
    you should have the   body -- a legal term from the 14th century or earlier; commonly used as the   general term for a prisoner's legal right to challenge the legality of their   detention
  76. habemus papam
    we have a pope --   used after a Catholic Church papal election to announce publicly a successful   ballot to elect a new pope
  77. historia vitae   magistra
    history, the   teacher of life -- from Cicero; also "history is the mistress of   life"
  78. hoc est bellum
    this is war
  79. homo unius libri   (timeo)
    (I fear) a man of   one book -- attributed to Thomas Aquinas
  80. honor virtutis   praemium
    esteem is the   reward of virtue
  81. hostis humani   generis
    enemy of the human   race -- Cicero defined pirates in Roman law as being enemies of humanity in   general
  82. humilitas occidit   superbiam
    humility conquers   pride
  83. igne natura   renovatur integra
    through fire,   nature is reborn whole
  84. ignis aurum probat
    fire tests gold --   a phrase referring to the refining of character through difficult   circumstances
  85. in absentia
    in the absence
  86. in aqua sanitas
    in water there is   health
  87. in flagrante   delicto
    in flaming crime --   caught red-handed, or in the act
  88. in memoriam
    into the memory --   more commonly "in memory of"
  89. in omnia paratus
    ready for anything
  90. in situ
    in position --   something that exists in an original or natural state
  91. in toto
    in all or entirely
  92. in umbra, igitur,   pugnabimus
    then we will fight   in the shade -- made famous by Spartans in the battle of Thermopylae and by   the movie 300
  93. in utero
    in the womb
  94. in vitro
    in glass --   biological process that occurs in the lab
  95. incepto ne desistam
    may I not shrink   from my purpose
  96. intelligenti pauca
    few words suffice   for he who understands
  97. invicta
  98. invictus maneo
    I remain   unvanquished
  99. ipso facto
    by the fact itself   -- something is true by its very nature
  100. labor omnia vincit
    hard work conquers   all
  101. laborare pugnare   parati sumus
    to work, (or) to   fight; we are ready
  102. labore et honore
    by labor and honor
  103. leges sine moribus   vanae
    laws without morals   [are] vain
  104. lex parsimoniae
    law of succinctness   -- also known as Occam's Razor, the simplest explanation is usually the   correct one
  105. lex talionis
    the law of   retaliation
  106. magna cum laude
    with great praise
  107. magna est vis   consuetudinis
    great is the power   of habit
  108. magnum opus
    great work -- said   of someone's masterpiece
  109. mala fide
    in bad faith --   said of an act done with knowledge of its illegality, or with intention to   defraud or mislead someone; opposite of bona fide
  110. malum in se
    wrong in itself --   a legal term meaning that something is inherently wrong
  111. malum prohibitum
    wrong due to being   prohibited -- a legal term meaning that something is only wrong because it is   against the law
  112. mea culpa
    my fault
  113. meliora
    better things --   carrying the connotation of "always better"
  114. memento mori
    remember that [you   will] die -- was whispered by a servant into the ear of a victorious Roman   general to check his pride as he paraded through cheering crowds after a   victory; a genre of art meant to remind the viewer of the reality of his   death
  115. memento vivere
    remember to live
  116. memores acti   prudentes futuri
    mindful of what has   been done, aware of what will be
  117. modus operandi
    method of operating   -- abbreviated M.O.
  118. montani semper   liberi
    mountaineers [are]   always free -- state motto of West Virginia
  119. morior invictus
    death before defeat
  120. morituri te   salutant
    those who are about   to die salute you -- popularized as a standard salute from gladiators to the   emperor, but only recorded once in Roman history
  121. morte magis   metuenda senectus
    old age should   rather be feared than death
  122. mulgere hircum
    to milk a male goat   -- to attempt the impossible
  123. multa paucis
    say much in few   words
  124. nanos gigantum   humeris insidentes
    dwarfs standing on   the shoulders of giants -- commonly known by the letters of Isaac Newton:   "If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of   giants"
  125. nec aspera terrent
    they don't terrify   the rough ones -- frightened by no difficulties, less literally   "difficulties be damned"
  126. nec temere nec   timide
    neither reckless   nor timid
  127. nil volentibus   arduum
    nothing [is]   arduous for the willing
  128. nolo contendere
    I do not wish to   contend -- that is, "no contest"; a plea that can be entered on   behalf of a defendant in a court that states that the accused doesn't admit   guilt, but will accept punishment for a crime
  129. non ducor, duco
    I am not led; I   lead
  130. non loqui sed   facere
    not talk but action
  131. non progredi est   regredi
    to not go forward   is to go backward
  132. non scholae, sed   vitae discimus
    we learn not for   school, but for life -- from Seneca
  133. non sequitur
    it does not follow   -- in general, a comment which is absurd due to not making sense in its   context (rather than due to being inherently nonsensical or internally   inconsistent), often used in humor
  134. non sum qualis eram
    I am not such as I   was -- or "I am not the kind of person I once was"
  135. nosce te ipsum
    know thyself --   from Cicero
  136. novus ordo seclorum
    new order of the   ages -- from Virgil; motto on the Great Seal of the United States
  137. nulla tenaci invia   est via
    for the tenacious,   no road is impassable
  138. obliti privatorum,   publica curate
    forget private   affairs, take care of public ones -- Roman political saying which reminds   that common good should be given priority over private matters for any person   having a responsibility in the State
  139. panem et circenses
    bread and circuses   -- originally described all that was needed for emperors to placate the Roman   mob; today used to describe any entertainment used to distract public   attention from more important matters
  140. para bellum
    prepare for war --   if you want peace, prepare for war—if a country is ready for war, its enemies   are less likely to attack
  141. parvis imbutus   tentabis grandia tutus
    when you are   steeped in little things, you shall safely attempt great things -- sometimes   translated as, "once you have accomplished small things, you may attempt   great ones safely"
  142. pater familias
    father of the   family -- the eldest male in a family
  143. pecunia, si uti   scis, ancilla est; si nescis, domina
    if you know how to   use money, money is your slave; if you don't, money is your master
  144. per angusta ad   augusta
    through   difficulties to greatness
  145. per annum
    by the year
  146. per capita
    by the person
  147. per diem
    by the day
  148. per se
    through itself
  149. persona non grata
    person not pleasing   -- an unwelcome, unwanted or undesirable person
  150. pollice verso
    with a turned thumb   -- used by Roman crowds to pass judgment on a defeated gladiator
  151. post meridiem
    after noon -- P.M.,   used in timekeeping
  152. post mortem
    after death
  153. postscriptum
    thing having been   written afterward -- in writing, abbreviated P.S.
  154. praemonitus   praemunitus
    forewarned is   forearmed
  155. praesis ut prosis   ne ut imperes
    lead in order to   serve, not in order to rule
  156. primus inter pares
    first among equals   -- a title of the Roman Emperors
  157. pro bono
    for the good -- in   business, refers to services rendered at no charge
  158. pro rata
    for the rate
  159. quam bene vivas   referre (or refert), non quam diu
    it is how well you   live that matters, not how long -- from Seneca
  160. quasi
  161. qui totum vult   totum perdit
    he who wants   everything loses everything -- attributed to Seneca
  162. quid agis
    what's going on? --   what's up, what's happening, etc.
  163. quid pro quo
    this for that -- an   exchange of value
  164. quidquid Latine   dictum sit altum videtur
    whatever has been   said in Latin seems deep -- or "anything said in Latin sounds   profound"; a recent ironic Latin phrase to poke fun at people who seem   to use Latin phrases and quotations only to make themselves sound more   important or "educated"
  165. quis custodiet   ipsos custodes?
    who will guard the   guards themselves? -- commonly associated with Plato
  166. quorum
    of whom -- the   number of members whose presence is required under the rules to make any   given meeting constitutional
  167. requiescat in pace
    let him rest in   peace -- abbreviated R.I.P.
  168. rigor mortis
    stiffness of death
  169. scientia ac labore
    knowledge through   hard work
  170. scientia ipsa   potentia est
    knowledge itself is   power
  171. semper anticus
    always forward
  172. semper fidelis
    always faithful --   U.S. Marines motto
  173. semper fortis
    always brave
  174. semper paratus
    always prepared
  175. semper virilis
    always virile
  176. si vales, valeo
    when you are   strong, I am strong
  177. si vis pacem, para   bellum
    if you want peace,   prepare for war
  178. sic parvis magna
    greatness from   small beginnings -- motto of Sir Frances Drake
  179. sic semper tyrannis
    thus always to   tyrants -- attributed to Brutus at the time of Julius Caesar's assassination,   and to John Wilkes Booth at the time of Abraham Lincoln's assassination;   whether it was actually said at either of these events is disputed
  180. sic vita est
    thus is life -- the   ancient version of "it is what it is"
  181. sola fide
    by faith alone
  182. sola nobilitat   virtus
    virtue alone   ennobles
  183. solvitur ambulando
    it is solved by   walking
  184. spes bona
    good hope
  185. statim (stat)
    immediately --   medical shorthand
  186. status quo
    the situation in   which or current condition
  187. subpoena
    under penalty
  188. sum quod eris
    I am what you will   be -- a gravestone inscription to remind the reader of the inevitability of   death
  189. summa cum laude
    with highest praise
  190. summum bonum
    the supreme good
  191. suum cuique
    to each his own
  192. tabula rasa
    scraped tablet --   "blank slate"; John Locke used the term to describe the human mind   at birth, before it had acquired any knowledge
  193. tempora heroica
    Heroic Age
  194. tempus edax rerum
    time, devourer of   all things
  195. tempus fugit
    time flees --   commonly mistranslated "time flies"
  196. terra firma
    firm ground
  197. terra incognita
    unknown land --   used on old maps to show unexplored areas
  198. vae victis
    woe to the   conquered
  199. vanitas vanitatum   omnia vanitas
    vanity of vanities;   everything [is] vanity -- from the Bible (Ecclesiastes 1)
  200. veni vidi vici
    I came, I saw, I   conquered -- famously said by Julius Caesar
  201. verbatim
    repeat exactly
  202. veritas et aequitas
    truth and equity
  203. versus
  204. veto
    I forbid
  205. vice versa
    to change or turn   around
  206. vincit qui patitur
    he conquers who   endures
  207. vincit qui se   vincit
    he conquers who   conquers himself
  208. vir prudens non   contra ventum mingit
    [a] wise man does   not urinate [up] against the wind
  209. virile agitur
    the manly thing is   being done
  210. viriliter agite
    act in a manly way
  211. viriliter agite   estote fortes
    quit ye like men,   be strong
  212. virtus tentamine   gaudet
    strength rejoices   in the challenge
  213. virtute et armis
    by virtue and arms   -- or "by manhood and weapons"; state motto of Mississippi
  214. vive memor leti
    live remembering   death
  215. vivere est vincere
    to live is to   conquer -- Captain John Smith's personal motto
  216. vivere militare est
    to live is to fight
  217. vox populi
    voice of the people
Card Set:
2013-08-04 20:20:22
latin phrases

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