Qtr 4 Function GI Female Reproductive system

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Qtr 4 Function GI Female Reproductive system
2013-08-04 22:39:10
path phys

path, phys
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  1. What are the two primary layers of the endometrium?
    • Stratum Functionalis (sheds during menstration)
    • Stratum Basalis (produces new stratum functionalis)
  2. At what phase in development is an oocyte arrested until puberty?
    primary oocyte
  3. During what phase of the ovarian cycle is the endometrium the thickest?
    Luteal / secretory phase
  4. What is the functional term for the follicular phase?
    Proliferative phase
  5. Where is the female reproductive system does fertilization usually occur?
    ampulla of fallopian tube
  6. How long does it take for an ovum to transport down the fallopian tube
  7. What hormones does the placenta secrete?
    estrogen and progesterone
  8. What two viruses cause vulvitis?
    • Herpes simplex virus
    • Human papilloma virus
  9. What virus is the cause of most genital warts (condylomata acuminatum)?
    Human papilloma virus
  10. What symptom do all of the following cause? Trichomonas vaginalis, candida albicans, Gardnerella vaginitis
  11. What is the most common presentation of bacterial gonorrhea in the female reproductive system?
  12. What type of cells are invaded by HSV and HPV?
    • Squamous epithelium
    • Ectocervix
    • Flat papillomas (presentation)
  13. HPV or HSV? intranuclear inclusion and multinucleated?
  14. HPV or HSV? Koilocytic changes
  15. DNA or RNA? HPV
  16. DNA
  17. What is the most common cause of endometritis during the reproductive years?
    pelvic inflammatory disease
  18. What is the most common infection of the female genitalia?
    Salphingitis (inflammation in fallopian tubes)
  19. Name that disease: red moist lesion on uvula?
    Pagent's disease of uvula
  20. What is the most common carcinoma of the vagina?
    Squamous cell carcinoma of the vagina
  21. Name that disease: Bunch of grapes like mass in mucus lined organs, age of onset < 4yrs
    Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma
  22. What accounts for 20% of all gynecological cancers?
    cervical carcinomas
  23. What is the epidemiology of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia?
    • multiple partners
    • early age first coitus
    • HPV infection
  24. What is the most common region and cell for cervical carcinoma
    • Transitional zone
    • Squamous cell caracinoma
  25. Name that disease? Implatation and growth of the endometrium anywhere but uterus?
  26. Name that disease: blood filled or chocolate cysts on the ovaries
  27. Name that disease: endometrium gland and stroma found in myometrium
  28. Name that disease: Red, blue, yellow punctate on pelvic organ?
  29. What part of the uterus is the most common site for endometrial polypus to form?
    • Fundus
    • may lead to cancer
  30. Name that disease: Polypoid infiltrating mass in uterus w/ necrosis and hemorrhage
    Endometrial andenocarcinoma
  31. Most common site and type of gynecological malignancy?
    • uterus
    • endometrial carcinoma¬†
    • 95% of which are adenocarcinomas (glandular origin)
  32. What are the two classifications of myometrial tumors?
    • Leiomyomas (benign, constitutes 95% of all myometrial tumors)
    • Leiomyomasarcoma (malignant smooth muscle tumor)
  33. What are the three types of leiomyomas?
    • Submucosal
    • Intramural
    • Subserosal
  34. Name that disease: Anovulation, ovarian cortical cysts, amenorrhea, histurism, obesity
    • Stein-Leventhal syndrome
    • Caused by excess androgens
  35. What type of tumor originates in the gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma and metastasizes to the ovary?
    Krukenburg tumor
  36. What is the most common type of tumor to metastasize to the ovary?
    endometrial adenocarcinoma
  37. name that disease: ovarian tumor composed of thyroid tissue of major cystic teratoma?
    • struma ovary
    • associated with hyperthyroidism
  38. What is the most common epithelial ovarian tumor?
    Serous cystadenoma
  39. What type of epithileal ovarian tumor secrets pseudomyxoma peritonei?
    mucinous cystadenoma
  40. Name that disease: clear cell cystadenofibroma, mostly benign, epithelium ovarin tumor type
    Brenner tumor
  41. Most common germ cell tumor?
    mature teratoma
  42. What type of germ cell tumor presents with Schiller-Duvall bodies?
    Yolk sac tumor
  43. Name that tumor: affects young girls, precocious sexual development, solid hemorrhagic tumor, highly fatal
  44. what type of tumor has subtypes: granulosa-theca cell, thicom-fibroma, sertoli-ledig cell tumors
    Sex-cord tumors
  45. What is the most common cause of spontaneous abortion?
    chromosomal abnormalities
  46. Name that disease: severe toxemia, 3 month left of pregnancy, convulsion, hypertension, retention of water and sodium, edema, proteinuria
  47. Name that gestational trophoblastic disease: increase hCG levels, edematous placental villi (grape mass)
    Hydatidiform mole
  48. Name that gestational trophoblastic disease: soft flesy hemorrhagic and necrotic tissue, malignant, highly fatal
  49. What are the two etiologic theories of eclampsia?
    • Hormone imbalance
    • Immune response to fetus