Chapter 8-Integumentary

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Chapter 8-Integumentary
2013-08-04 21:51:52
Vet Tech Institute

Vet Tech Institute Terminology Chapter 8
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  1. Abscess
    localized accumulation of pus
  2. Albinism
    lack of pigment in skin, hair and eyes
  3. Alopecia
    loos of hair
  4. Anhidrosis
    abnormal condition on not sweating
  5. Bleb
    small blister;fluid filled
  6. Bulla
    large blister; fluid filled
  7. Cicantrix
  8. Cyanosis
    bluish skin or MM color
  9. Dyskeratosis
    abnormal alteration of keratinization
  10. Ecchymosis
  11. Eryhema
    redness of skin
  12. Exanthema
  13. Exfoliation
    shedding of horny layer of epidermis
  14. Fissure
    crack or groove, erosive
  15. Hyperhidrosis
    excessive sweating
  16. Hyperkeratosis
    overgrowth of horny layer of epidermis
  17. Intradermal
    within the skin
  18. Macula
    small, discolored spot on the skin that can be seen but not felt
  19. Nodule
    small, visible mass protruding above the skin
  20. Pallor
    paleness of skin
  21. Papule
    small, rounded elevation of the skin
  22. Pruritis
  23. Purpura
    purplish red discoloration on the epidermis caused by hemorrhage to tissue; 2 types: ecchymosis, petichia
  24. Pusrule
    pus collected in hair follicle or pore, fluid filled
  25. Scale
    epithelial cells on epidermis or shed from it
  26. subcutaneous
    beneath the skin
  27. Acne
    inflammation of skin caused by plugging of sebaceous glands
  28. Allergic Dermatitis/atopy
    skin inflammation caused by allergy
  29. Contact Dermatitis
    inflammation of skin caused by contact with allergen
  30. Decubitus ulcer
    skin lesion caused by pressure that results in defective circulation; bed sore
  31. Dermatosis
    any skin disease especially those not associated with inflammation
  32. Dermatocellulitis
    inflammation of skin and underlying connective tissue
  33. Dermatitis
    inflammation of the skin
  34. Discoid lupus erythermatosus
    autoimmune disease characterized by depigmentation, erythema, scaling, erosions, ulcerations and crusting, particularly in the face
  35. Eczema
    general term for acute chronic dermatitis
  36. Epidermolysis bullosa
    genetic skin dz characterized by any mechanical friction, resulting in large open sores and extreme skin fragility
  37. Exfoliative dermatitis
    dermatitis with scaling, itching, loss of hair, and redness of skin
  38. Frostbite
    tissue damage caused by exposure to extreme cold or chemicals with rapid freezing action
  39. Pemphigus vulgaris
    autoimmune dz- shallow ulcerations of mucotaneous junctions and oral mucosa
  40. Petechia
    pinpoint hemorrhage beneath the skin, MM or organ capsule
  41. Seborrheic dermatitis
    chronic inflammation dermatitis with yellowish, greasy scaling of the skin with or without pruritis
  42. Urticaria
    allergic reaction-itching and hives
  43. Wart
    virus causing small benign tumor-like epidermal growth
  44. Wheal
  45. Acute moist dermatitis
    superficial bacteria infection of skin caused by self trauma; hot spots
  46. Cellulitis
    inflammation, usually bacterial involving loose SQ tissue
  47. Chiggers
    infestation of mite larvae causing severe itching and dermatitis
  48. Cutaneous blowfly myiasis
    maggot infestation
  49. Dermatomycosis
    fungal infection, ringworm
  50. Flea bite dermatitis
    lesions caused by hypersensitivity to flea bites
  51. Demodicosis
    infestation of demodox mange mites
  52. Scabies
    infestation of sarcoptic scabie mange mites
  53. Paronychia
    bacterial or viral inflammation of skin around nails/claws
  54. Pediculosis
    lice infestation
  55. Pyoderma
    any purulent skin dz
  56. Dermatofibroma
    fibrous tumor of skin
  57. Lipoma
    fatty tumor; benign
  58. Malignant melanoma
    rapidly growing often ulcerated mass with tendency to metastasize, tumor cells may be pigmented
  59. Mast cell tumor
    benign or malignant tumor of mast cells
  60. Sebaceous cyst
    cyst of sebaceous gland plugged with sebum
  61. Seborrheic keratosis
    benign wart-like tumors of epidermis with any yellow or brown raised lesions on the skin
  62. Squamous cell carcinoma
    malignant tumor composed of squamous epithelial cells
  63. Excisional biopsy
    surgical incision to remove tissue of all or part of a lesion and surrounding normal appearing tissue
  64. Punch biopsy
    sample of tissue obtained with a punch tool
  65. Skin graft
    surgical procedure to transplant skin from one section to another
  66. Biopsy
    removal of tissue for microscopic examination
  67. Fungal culture
    crusts of a lesion or plucked hair placed into a container of DTM and incubated for two weeks; watch for color change to indicate positive
  68. Intradermal tests
    allergy testing- allergens are injected ID and reaction is observed (TB testing in humans)
  69. Skin scrape
    scalpel blade is used to scrape skin, then examined under a microscope for mites
  70. Tissue culture
    epithelial cells taken from body, grown in a medium for diagnostic or research purposes
  71. Dermatophyte test medium
    test medium for fungal culture