SAT Vocab Cards Day 6

Card Set Information

SAT Vocab Cards Day 6
2013-10-06 21:06:46
Day six

Day six
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  1. proponent
    • DEFINITION: one who argues in support of something; an advocate; a champion of a cause
    • SENTENCE: Our nation has always produced leaders who were strong proponents of reform.
    • SYNONYMS: fan, supporter, advocate
    • ANTONYMS: enemy, foe, opponent
  2. prodigy
    • DEFINITION: a person with great talent; a young genius
    • SENTENCE: LeBron James is an athletic prodigy who started out as a gifted high school basketball player and quickly became an NBA superstar.
    • SYNONYMS: genius, mastermind, whiz
    • ANTONYMS: simpleton, idiot, moron
  3. oracle
    • DEFINITION: a person considered to be a source of wise counsel or prophetic opinions
    • SENTENCE: Warren Buffet is the world's most successful stock market investor, leading many to consider him an oracle.
    • SYNONYMS: prophecy, fortune, vision
    • ANTONYMS: n/a
  4. misanthrope
    • DEFINITION: a person who hates or distrusts humankind
    • SENTENCE: Ebenezer Scrooge is a cold-hearted, miserly misanthrope who despises poor people and Christmas.
    • SYNONYMS: hater, cynic, skeptic
    • ANTONYMS: humanitarian, philanthropist, altruist
  5. innovator
    • DEFINITION: a person who introduces something new
    • SENTENCE: Michael Jackson was an extraordinarily talented entertainer and musical innovator who became a global superstar, setting the standard for how a song could be presented. SYNONYMS: creator, founder, pioneer
    • ANTONYMS: follower, imitator, copycat
  6. sycophant
    • DEFINITION: person who seeks favor by flattering people of influence; a toady; someone who behaves in an obsequious or servile manner
    • SENTENCE: Life at the royal palace transformed haughty aristocrats into favor seeking sycophants.
    • SYNONYMS: suck up, minion, groupie
    • ANTONYMS: n/a
  7. stoic
    • DEFINITION: a person who is seemingly indifferent to or unaffected by joy, grief, pleasure, or pain; someone who is impassive and emotionless
    • SENTENCE: The guards at Buckingham Palace are famous for their ability to stoically endure hot summer weather and hordes of pesky tourists.
    • SYNONYMS: aloof, detached, imperturbable
    • ANTONYMS: emotional, responsive, concerned
  8. reprobate
    • DEFINITION: a morally unprincipled person
    • SENTENCE: Bernie Madoff is described as a reprobate because of the enormity of a fraud taht Judge Chin called "extraordinary evil."
    • SYNONYMS: corrupter, degenerate, villain
    • ANTONYMS: do-gooder
  9. renegade
    • DEFINITION: a disloyal person who betrays his or her cause; a traitor; a deserter
    • SENTENCE: Benedict Arnold was vilified as a renegade whose name became synonymous with traitor.
    • SYNONYMS: traitor, turncoat, heretic
    • ANTONYMS: adherent, loyalist, patriot
  10. draconian
    • DEFINITION: characterized by very strict laws, rules, and punishments
    • SENTENCE: The Treaty of Versailles imposed a number of draconian measures against Germany.
    • SYNONYMS: brutal, authoritarian, harsh
    • ANTONYMS: lenient, gentle, amenable
  11. laconic
    • DEFINITION: very brief; concise; succinct; terse
    • SENTENCE: Spartans were renowned for being laconic or very concise.
    • SYNONYMS: compact, curt, pithy
    • ANTONYMS: verbose, wordy, long-winded
  12. spartan
    • DEFINITION: plain; simple; austere
    • SENTENCE: Recruits at the Marine training center at Paris Island must live in spartan barracks and pass a demanding twelve-week training schedule.
    • SYNONYMS: austere, frugal, bare
    • ANTONYMS: luxurious, opulent, extravagent
  13. halcyon
    • DEFINITION: idyllically calm and peaceful; an untroubled golden time of happiness and tranquility
    • SENTENCE: Allie and Noah became instantly smitten with each other and spend many halcyon days together.
    • SYNONYMS: serene, balmy, pastoral
    • ANTONYMS: violent, anxious, turbulent
  14. sophistry
    • DEFINITION: a plausible but deliberately misleading or fallacious argument designed to deceive someone
    • SENTENCE: Otter resorted to sophistry in a clever attempt to save the Deltas, misleading them. SYNONYMS: deception, trickery, subterfuge
    • ANTONYMS: honesty, truthfulness, forthrightness
  15. chimerical
    • DEFINITION: given to fantastic schemes; existing only as a product of an unchecked imagination
    • SENTENCE: Fad diets, vitamin supplements, and exercise routines all offer claims that have often proved to be chimerical.
    • SYNONYMS: imaginary, fanciful, mythical
    • ANTONYMS: real, authentic, factual
  16. ostracize
    • DEFINITION: to deliberately exclude from a group
    • SENTENCE: Angry French citizens ostracized people who had collaborated with the Nazis. SYNONYMS: banish, blacklist, boycott
    • ANTONYMS: embrace, welcome, include
  17. impecunious
    • DEFINITION: poor; penniless; not affluent
    • SENTENCE: In the movie "Titanic" Rose fell in love with a handsome but impecunious young artist.
    • SYNONYMS: destitute, poor, impoverished
    • ANTONYMS: rich, wealthy, affluent
  18. nefarious
    • DEFINITION: extremely wicked; villainous; vile
    • SENTENCE: The Joker, Voldemort, and Darth Vader are all nefarious villains.
    • SYNONYMS: evil, foul, perverse
    • ANTONYMS: honorable, respectable, virtuous
  19. jovial
    • DEFINITION: good-humored; cheerful; jocular
    • SENTENCE: Santa Claus is often referred to as "jovial old St. Nicholas."
    • SYNONYMS: happy, merry, mirthful
    • ANTONYMS: moody, sad, unhappy
  20. dirge
    • DEFINITION: a funeral hymn; a slow mournful musical composition
    • SENTENCE: As the Titanic slowly sank, its musicians played the dirge "Nearer, My God, To Thee" to comfort the desperate souls on the ship.
    • SYNONYMS: requiem, lament, elegy
    • ANTONYMS: ditty, hymn, lullaby
  21. maudlin
    • DEFINITION: tearful; excessively sentimental
    • SENTENCE: Moaning Myrtle lives up to her name by crying incessantly and thus being maudlin. SYNONYMS: overemotional, mushy, tear-jerking
    • ANTONYMS: calm, matter-of-fact, unemotional
  22. quixotic
    • DEFINITION: foolishly impractical in the pursuit of ideals; impractical idealism
    • SENTENCE: Don Quixote is originally motivated by chivalric ideals to undo the wrongs of the world, but returns a disillusioned old man. He is a classic example of a quixotic person. SYNONYMS: chimerical, dreamy, unrealistic
    • ANTONYMS: realistic, pragmatic, practical
  23. pandemonium
    • DEFINITION: a wild uproar; tumult
    • SENTENCE: When the Trade Towers collapsed on 9/11 the residents of New York City experienced pandemonium.
    • SYNONYMS: chaos, ruckus, hullabaloo
    • ANTONYMS: tranquility, calm, peace
  24. martinet
    • DEFINITION: a strict disciplinarian; a person who demands absolute adherence to forms and rules
    • SENTENCE: Dolores Umbridge was a martinet who tried to impose rigid standards of discipline of the students and faculty at Hogwarts.
    • SYNONYMS: authoritarian, drillmaster, tyrant
  25. fiasco
    • DEFINITION: a complete failure; a debacle
    • SENTENCE: Many observers believe that the government's initial slow response to Hurricane Katrina transformed the natural disaster into a human-made fiasco. catastrophe, disaster, failure success, accomplishment, triumph
    • SYNONYMS: debacle, disaster, failure
    • ANTONYMS: success, victory, accomplishments