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  1. Understood by few; belonging to few; private
    • Esoteric: [es-uh-ter-ik]
    • (1)understood by or meant for only the select few who have special knowledge or interest; recondite:poetry full of esoteric allusion. (2) belonging to a select few. (3) private, secret.

    • Synonyms:
    • inscrutable, cryptic, private, arcane, abstruce, mystical, mysterious, 

    • Ex. 
    • He does not hesitate to use unusual words  and dispense esoteric (understood/known by few)  information.

    This isn't just some esoteric (understood/known by few)  philosophical discussion.

    She has a rather esoteric (shared by few people) fashion sense.

    She knew a lot about Sanskrit grammar and other esoteric matters.

    The esoteric (using words/concepts that are known/understood by few) nature of the question left me baffled.

    His answers to the reporter's questions were too esoteric (difficult for the average person to understand).
  2. Foundation
    • Cornerstone:
    • The foundation of something that is constructed or developed.

    • Ex. 
    • The cornerstone of his argument is that all people are created equal.
  3. Related by nature or by blood
    • Cognate:
    • adj:
    • (1) related by birth; (2)  descended from the same language or form: such cognate languages as French and Spanish. (3) allied or similar in nature

    • n:
    • (1) a person or thing cognate with another. (2) a cognate word: The English word cold  is a cognate of German kalt.

    • Ex. 
    • The ideal and the beautiful are identical; the ideal corresponds to the idea, and beauty to form; hence idea and substance are cognate.

    These records concentrate on archeology with some overlap into cognate fields.

    The French word detester is a cognate of the English word detest
  4. To predict
    • Prognosticate:
    • (1)to forecast or predict (something future) from present indications or signs; prophesy. (2) to foretoken; presage: birds  prognosticating spring. 

    • Ex. 
    • The shrewd man was able to prognosticate that the stock market would crash.

    The armchair quarterback tried to prognosticate the play that the other team was going to make.

    The cool wind prognosticated the coming of winter.
  5. To deceive through appearances
    • Hoodwink:
    • To deceive through appearances: dupe.

    • Ex. 
    • These methods are unlikely to hoodwink unsuspecting consumers, because consumers are usually familiar with them.

    It's the sort of abusive statistical comparison political hacks use to hoodwink  the public.

    Call it mendacity, dishonesty, the ongoing effort to hoodwink  the people.

    The boy hoodwinked the other boy into whitewashing the fence by making it look fun.
Card Set:
2013-08-05 14:41:35

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