child psych

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Author:
jadki1582
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229219
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child psych
Updated:
2013-08-05 18:10:32
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vocabulary
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  1. Intelligence is...
    A set of abilities defined in carious ways by different psychologists but generally agreed to include the ability to reason abstractly, the ability to profit from experience,and the ability to adapt to varying environmental contexts.
  2. Stanford-Binet is..
    The best known U.S. intelligence test. It was written by Lewis Terman and his associates at Stanford University and based on the first tests by Binet and Simon.
  3. Intelligence quotient is...
    Originally defined in terms of a child's mental age and chronological age, IQ is now computed by comparing a child's performance with that of other children of the same chronological age.
  4. Mental age is...
    Term used by Binet and Simon and Terman in the early calculation of IQ scores to refer to the age level of IQ test items a child could successfully answer. Used in combination with the child's chronological age to calculate an IQ score.
  5. WPPSI-III is...
    The 3rd revision of the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence.
  6. WISC-IV is...
    The most recent revision of the Wechsler Intelligence Scales for Children, a well know IQ test developed in the U.S. that includes both verbal and performance (nonverbal) subtests.
  7. Verbal comprehension index is...
    Tests on the WISC-IV that tap verbal skills such as knowledge of vocabulary and general information.
  8. Perceptual reasoning index is...
    Tests on the WISC-IV such as block design and picture completion, that tap nonverbal visual processing abilities.
  9. Processing speed index is...
    Timed tests on the WISC-IV, such as symbol search, that measure how rapidly an examinee processes information.
  10. Working memory index is..
    Tests on the WISC-IV, such as digit span, that measure working memory efficiency.
  11. Full scale IQ is...
    The WISC-IV score that takes into account verbal and nonverbal scale scores.
  12. Bayley Scales of Infant Development is...
    The best known and most widely used test of infant "intelligence".
  13. Achievement test  is...
    Test designed to assess a child's learning of specific material taught in school, such as spelling or arithmetic computation; in the U.S., achievement tests are typically given to all children in designated grades.
  14. Competence is...
    A person's basic, underlying level of skill, displayed under ideal circumstances. It is not possible to measure competence directly.
  15. Performance is...
    The behavior shown by a person under real life rather than ideal circumstances. Even when researchers are interested in competence, all they can ever measure is performance.
  16. Reliability is...
    The stability of a test score over multiple testing sessions.
  17. Validity is...
    The degree to which a test measures what it is intended to measure.
  18. Shared environment is...
    Characteristics of a family that affect all children in the household.
  19. Cumulative deficit is...
    Any difference between groups in IQ or achievement test scores that becomes larger over time.
  20. Nonshared environment is..
    Characteristics of a family that affect one child but not others in the household.
  21. Reaction range is...
    term used by some psychologists for the range of possible outcomes (phenotypes) for some variable, given basic genetic patterning (the genotype). In the case of IQ scores, the reaction range is estimated at 20 to 25 points.
  22. Dynamic assessment is...
    Kids are informed about the purpose of an intelligence tests and are given a chance to practice with each kind of problem solving task on the test prior to actually being tested.
  23. Computational fluency is...
    The degree to which an individual can automatically produce solutions to simple calculation problems.
  24. Psychometric approach is...
    Using IQ tests to define and explain individual and group differences in intelligence.
  25. Triarchic theory of intelligence is...
    A theory advanced by Robert Sternberg, proposing the existence of 3 types of intelligence: analytical, creative, and practical.
  26. Analytical intelligence is...
    One of 3 types of intelligence in Sternberg's triarchic theory of intelligence; the type of intelligence typically measured on IQ tests, including the ability to plan, remember facts, and organize information.
  27. Creative intelligence is...
    One of 3 types of intelligence describe by Sternberg in his triarchic theory of intelligence; includes insightfulness and the ability to see new relationships among events or experiences.
  28. Practical intelligence is...
    One of 3 types of intelligence in Sternberg's triarchic theory of intelligence; often called "street smarts", this type of intelligence includes skill in applying information to the real world or solving practical problems.
  29. Multiple intelligence is...
    Eight types of intelligence (linguistic, logical/mathematical, spatial, bodily kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal,intrapersonal, and naturalistic) proposed by Howard Gardner.
  30. Existential intelligence is...
    Deals with the spiritual realm and enables us to contemplate the meaning of life.
  31. Creativity is...
    The ability to produce original, appropriate, and valuable ideas and/or solutions to problems.
  32. Divergent thinking is...
    The ability to produce multiple solutions to problems that have no clear answer.

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