Anatomy

Card Set Information

Author:
mct
ID:
229246
Filename:
Anatomy
Updated:
2013-08-05 21:17:09
Tags:
101
Folders:

Description:
Basic Language
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user mct on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Dorsal
    Positions lie toward the back (dorsum) of the trunk or, by extension, toward the corresponding surface of the head or tail.
  2. Ventral
    Structures lie toward the belly (venter) or the corresponding surface of the head or tail
  3. Cranial
    Structures lie toward the head (cranium, literally skull)
  4. Caudal
    Structures lie toward the the tail (cauda).
  5. Rostral
    Within the head, structures toward the muzzle (rostrum)
  6. Medial
    Structures lie toward the median plane (medianus, in the middle) that divides the body into symmetrical right and left "halves"
  7. Lateral
    Structures lie toward the side (latus, flank) or the animal
  8. Proximal
    Proximus, near. Within the part of the limb this extends to the proximal limit of the carpus (wrist) and tarus (hock, ankle)
  9. Distal
    distania, distance.  Within the limb this is beyond the proximal limit of the carpus (wrist( and tarus (hock, ankle)
  10. Dorsal
    (dorsum, back of the hand) within the distal area of a limb, the structures that are to the "front"
  11. Palmar
    (palma, palm of the hand) within the distal area  of the limb, the structures that are to the "rear" of the forelimb
  12. Plantar
    (planta, sole of the foot) within the distal area  of the limb, the structures that are to the "rear" of the hindlimb
  13. Axial
    Structures lie close to the axis of a central digit, close to the axis of the limb is this passes between two digits
  14. Abaxial
    (ab, away from) positions are at a distance from the reference axis
  15. Median plane
    Divides the body into symmetrical right and left halves
  16. Sagittal plane
    any plane parallel to the median plane
  17. Paramedian plane
    Is close and parallel the the median plane
  18. Dorsal Plane
    Sections the trunk or other part parallel to the dorsal surface
  19. Transverse plane
    Transects the trunk, head, limb or other appendage perpendicular to its own long axis
  20. Long
    Typical of the limbs, are broadly cylindrical and are clearly adapted to perform as levers. They develop from at least three centers of ossification: one for the shaft (diaphysis), and one for each extremity (epiphysis)
  21. Short bones
    Have no dimension that greatly exceeds the others. Many are grouped together at the carpus and tarsus, where the multiplication of articulations provides for complex movements and may also diminish concussion. The majority of short bones develop from a single center of ossification: replication of centers generally indicates that the bone represents the fusion of elements distinct in ancestral forms
  22. Flat bones
    Are expanded in two directions. The category includes the scapula, the bones of the pelvic girdle, and many of those of the skull.  Their broad surfaces afford attachment of large muscle masses and protection to underlying soft parts
  23. Three major categories of joints
    • Fibrous joints
    • Cartilagious joints
    • Synovial joints
  24. Fibrous joints
    The bones are united by dense connective tissues
  25. Cartilaginous joints
    The bones are united by cartilage
  26. Synovial Joints
    A fluid-filled cavity intervenes between the bones.
  27. Synarthroses
    Immoveable and rigid joints, cartilaginous joints and synovial joints were once classed together and called this
  28. Diarthroses
    These joints move freely.  Synovial joints were formerly termed this.
  29. Sutures
    Most fibrous joints occur in the skull and are called this.  The narrow strips of fibrous tissue that outline and unite the margins of the bones represent the surviving part of the originally continuous membrane in which the separate ossification centers appeared.
  30. Syndesmoses
    The facing areas of two bones are joined by connective tissue ligaments.

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview