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Chapter 16 psychology vce classical conditioning
What is classical conditioning?
learning in which a previously neutral stimulus comes to elicit a reflexive response that occurs as a result of the repeated association of two stimuli
What is a neutral stimulus?
A stimulus that at first produces no relevant response
Becomes conditioned stimulus
What is an unconditioned stimulus?
A stimulus that produces a naturally occur response or reflex
What is an unconditioned response?
The response that occurs naturally to the unconditioned stimulus.
Once associated with the NS, becomes the CR
When the conditioned response is distinguished after repeated exposure to the conditioned stimulus without the association to the UCS
Define spontaneous recovery
The reappearance of an extinct response after a rest period where the CS was not presented
What is stimulus generalisation
When an organism responding to a stimulus that is similar to the CS
What is stimulus discrimination?
When the organism only produces the CR to the CS
What is graduated exposure?
A form of treatment that uses classical conditioning to eliminate a fear
The individual is exposed to increasing levels of fear provoking stimuli and paired with induced relaxation thus in the end, associating the fear stimulus to relaxation
What is flooding?
Another treatment for fear but instead exposing the individual to extreme levels of the feared stimulus and associating it with relaxation techniques
WHat is aversion therapy?
An application of classical conditioning where an undesired behaviour is repeatedly associated with an unpleasant feeling thereby reducing the likelihood of repeating the unwanted behaviour