Classical conditiong

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Classical conditiong
2014-01-29 10:22:07
Chapter 16 psychology vce classical conditioning

Classical Conditiong
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  1. What is classical conditioning?
    learningĀ in which a previously neutral stimulus comes to elicit a reflexive responseĀ that occurs as a result of the repeated association of two stimuli
  2. What is a neutral stimulus?
    • A stimulus that at first produces no relevant response
    • Becomes conditioned stimulus
  3. What is an unconditioned stimulus?
    A stimulus that produces a naturally occur response or reflex
  4. What is an unconditioned response?
    • The response that occurs naturally to the unconditioned stimulus.
    • Once associated with the NS, becomes the CR
  5. Define extinction
    When the conditioned response is distinguished after repeated exposure to the conditioned stimulus without the association to the UCS
  6. Define spontaneous recovery
    The reappearance of an extinct response after a rest period where the CS was not presented
  7. What is stimulus generalisation
    When an organism responding to a stimulus that is similar to the CS
  8. What is stimulus discrimination?
    When the organism only produces the CR to the CS
  9. What is graduated exposure?
    • A form of treatment that uses classical conditioning to eliminate a fear
    • The individual is exposed to increasing levels of fear provoking stimuli and paired with induced relaxation thus in the end, associating the fear stimulus to relaxation
  10. What is flooding?
    Another treatment for fear but instead exposing the individual to extreme levels of the feared stimulus and associating it with relaxation techniques
  11. WHat is aversion therapy?
    An application of classical conditioning where an undesired behaviour is repeatedly associated with an unpleasant feeling thereby reducing the likelihood of repeating the unwanted behaviour