SAT Vocab Cards Day 7

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SAT Vocab Cards Day 7
2013-10-06 21:07:32
Day seven

Day seven
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  1. bowdlerize
    • DEFINITION: to remove or delete parts of a book, song, or other work that are considered offensive
    • SENTENCE: Diane Ravitch argues that American students are compelled to read bland texts that have been bowdlerized by publishers who cut controversial material.
    • SYNONYMS: censor, bleep out, cleanse
    • ANTONYMS: n/a
  2. galvanize
    • DEFINITION: to electrify; to stir into action as if with an electric shock
    • SENTENCE: Rosa Park's simple but powerful act of protest galvanized the Montgomery Bus Boycott, thus giving additional impetus to the Civil Rights Movement.
    • SYNONYMS: invigorate, jolt, energize
    • ANTONYMS: depress, deter, discourage
  3. picayune
    • DEFINITION: something of small value or importance; petty; trifling
    • SENTENCE: New Orleans leaders angrily accused FEMA officials of ignoring urgen problems while they focused on minor details that could best be described as picayune.
    • SYNONYMS: frivolous, inconsequential, insignificant
    • ANTONYMS: important, valuable, substantial
  4. gerrymander
    • DEFINITION: to divide a geographic area into voting districts so as to give unfair advantage to one party
    • SENTENCE: California drew district lines so that two pockets of Republican strength in LA were connected by a thin strip of coastline, so that most Republicans were assigned to one gerrymandered district.
    • SYNONYMS: manipulate, redistrict
  5. maverick
    • DEFINITION: an independent individual who does not go along with a group or party, a nonconformist
    • SENTENCE: Lt. Peter Mitchel received the nickname "Mav", short for maverick, because he was a nonconformist who did not always follow the rules.
    • SYNONYMS: dissenter, radical, nonconformist
    • ANTONYMS: conformist, conventionalist, follower
  6. juggernaut
    • DEFINITION: an irresistible force that crushes everything in its path
    • SENTENCE: The D-Day assault forces were a juggernaut that crushed the German defenses. SYNONYMS movement, blitz, crusade
  7. serendipity
    • DEFINITION: an accidental but fortunate discovery
    • SENTENCE: Fleming's discovery of penicillin was due to a fortunate accident on his part; thus, penicillin is described as a serendipitous discovery.
    • SYNONYMS: kismet, blessing, luck
    • ANTONYMS: misfortune
  8. zenith
    • DEFINITION: the highest point; the peak; the apex
    • SENTENCE: Reagan's speech marked the zenith of his presidency and the beginning of the end of the Cold War.
    • SYNONYMS: acme, pinnacle, culmination
    • ANTONYMS: nadir, bottom, valley
  9. nadir
    • DEFINITION: the lowest point; the bot
    • SENTENCE: The days following Hurricane Katrina marked a tragic nadir for millions of people living in Louisiana, Mississippi, and many Gulf Coast communities.
    • SYNONYMS valley, bottom, floor
    • ANTONYMS: zenith, peak, apex
  10. expunge, excise, expurgate
    • DEFINITION: to take out; delete; rem
    • SENTENCE: Xerxes threatened to expunge all memory of Sparta and Leonidas.
    • SYNONYMS: erase, eradicate, abolish
    • ANTONYMS: construct, create, build
  11. eccentric
    • DEFINITION: literally out of the center; departing from a recognized conventional, or established norm; an odd, unconventional pen
    • SENTENCE: Most of the people in Hill Valley regarded Doc Brown as a strange and eccentric "mad scientist."
    • SYNONYMS: bizarre, idiosyncratic, quirky
    • ANTONYMS: normal, ordinary, conventional
  12. extricate
    • DEFINITION: to get out of a difficult situation or entanglement
    • SENTENCE: Emergency workers have a number of tools specially designed to help extricate injured people from car wrecks and small spaces.
    • SYNONYMS: extract, remove, disentangle
    • ANTONYMS: entangle, involve, intertwine
  13. exemplary
    • DEFINITION: standing out from the norm; outstanding; worthy of imitation
    • SENTENCE: Scientists and writers are honored for their exemplary work by receiving a Nobel Prize.
    • SYNONYMS: admirable, laudable, meritorious
    • ANTONYMS: unideal, ordinary, average
  14. enumerate
    • DEFINITION: to count out; to list; to tick off the reasons for
    • SENTENCE: In a poem she read to her literature class, Kat enumerated ten reasons why she claimed to "hate" Patrick.
    • SYNONYMS: tally, total, list
  15. elusive
    • DEFINITION: out of reach and therefore difficult to catch, define, or describe
    • SENTENCE: Gossip Girl is an omniscient (all-knowing) yet elusive blogger who narrates the lives of a group of wealthy Upper East Side teens.
    • SYNONYMS: secrective, evasive, mysterious
    • ANTONYMS: obvious, explicit, exposed
  16. exorbitant
    • DEFINITION: literally out of orbit and therefore unreasonably expensive
    • SENTENCE: Regular football fans will have to be $75 for parking, a price many are calling exorbitant.
    • SYNONYMS: excessive, inordinate, wasteful reasonable, sensible, moderate
  17. repudiate, recant, renounce
    • DEFINITIONş to take back; to reject; disavow
    • SENTENCE: Luther's courageous refusal to renounce his beliefs helped spark the Protestant Revolution.
    • SYNONYMS: deny, forsake, spurn
    • ANTONYMS: allow, approve, condone
  18. redundancy
    • DEFINITION: the duplication or repetition of elements to provide a backup in case the primary systems fail
    • SENTENCE: An example of redundant statements: "Let me implore you study your vocabulary. Study your vocabulary. Now you know, so study your vocabulary."
    • SYNONYMS: repetition, verbosity, wordiness
  19. relinquish
    • DEFINITION: to give something back; to surrender or give back a possession, right, or privilege
    • SENTENCE: Giselle will become Andalasia's new queen, forcing Narissa to relinquish her crown.
    • SYNONYMS: abandon, sacrifice, give up 
    • ANTONYMS: keep, take, hold
  20. resilient
    • DEFINITION: to leap back; to come back from adversity or misfortune
    • SENTENCE: When Amy's SAT scores were not as good as she had hoped, she was resilient and studied harder.
    • SYNONYMS: persistent, hardy, strong
    • ANTONYMS: weak, frail, powerless
  21. reaffirm
    • DEFINITION: to assert again; to confirm; state positively
    • SENTENCE: John F. Kennedy's Inaugural Address reaffirmed his commitment to freedom when he pledged that America would support liberty.
    • SYNONYMS: declare, assert, proclaim
    • ANTONYMS: disavow, deny, retract
  22. reticent
    • DEFINITION: to hold back one's thoughts, feelings, and personal affairs; restrained or reserved
    • SENTENCE: Troy and Gabriella were originally reticent about participating in a karaoke contest, but then they found they enjoyed it.
    • SYNONYMS: reserved, silent, taciturn
    • ANTONYMS: outgoing, talkative, chatty
  23. rebuff
    • DEFINITION: to repel or drive back; to bluntly reject
    • SENTENCE: Amy Winehouse rebuffs please from her family and friends to seek help fro her smoking and drug problems.
    • SYNONYMS: deny, refuse, spurn
    • ANTONYMS: welcome, include, accept
  24. renovate
    • DEFINITION: to make new again; restore by repairing and remodeling
    • SENTENCE: Business and community leaders in New Orleans and Biloxi vowed to undertake extensive renovation projects that will restore damaged neighborhoods.
    • SYNONYMS: overhaul, refurbish, remodel
    • ANTONYMS: demolish, destroy, ruin
  25. rejuvenate
    • DEFINITION: to make young again, to restore youthful vigor and appearance
    • SENTENCE: Health spas promise to rejuvenate exhausted muscles.
    • SYNONYMS: exhilarate, refresh, revitalize
    • ANTONYMS: destroy, kill, ruin